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Special in this Issue: 



Color portraits and 

biographies of: 

New Apostle 

Patriarch to the Church 

Assistants to the Twelve 

First Council of Seventy 

Presiding Bishopric 

November 1967 



MlOF 



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Memo to the reader, November 1967 

Twelve years ago, in 1955, the first of 
our special November issues appeared. 
It featured a section containing 14 full- 
color reproductions of the beautiful 
murals in the newly completed Los 
Angeles Temple. 

This issue also started a tradition of 
special November magazines. Over the 
years the following subjects have been 
treated: 

1956 — Quorums of Leadership and the Aux- 
iliaries 

1957 — The Saga of Mormonism, featuring 
the murals from the Cody, V\/yoming, 
ward chapel 

1958 — The Presidents of the Church 

1959 — The Apostles of Jesus Christ 

1960 — The Book of Mormon, featuring paint- 
ings by Arnold Friberg 

1961 — In the Footsteps of Jesus, featuring 
the photographs of the Holy Land 
today 

1962 — The Life of Jesus, from paintings by 
Carl Bloch 

1963 — Latter-day Temples of the Church of 
Jesus Christ 

1964 — The Story of the Church, with photo- 
graphs of places important in Church 
history 

1965 — Signs of the True Church, with art 
from the New York V^orld's Fair 

1966 — The First Presidency and the Council 
of the Twelve 

Special November issues for 1960, 
1963, 1965 are still available today, for 
50 cents each. A special packet con- 
taining the pictures of the First Presi- 
dency and the Council of the Twelve is 
available for $1.50. 

In the fine tradition of the November 
Eras of the past, we are pleased to fea- 
ture in this issue 23 color photographs 
and brief biographies of a new apostle, 
the Patriarch to the Church, the Assis- 
tants to the Council of the Twelve, the 
First Council of the Seventy, and the 
Presiding Bishopric. New photographs 
of all of these brethren were taken for 
this purpose. Biographies were written 
by members of the Era staff. 



<3T-54j/^JUUA-^ 




Managing Editor 



Official organ of the Priesthood Quorums, Mutual Improvement Associations. 
Home Teactiing Committee. Music Committee. Churcti School System, and 
ottier agencies of Tfie Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Samts. 

The Improvement Era, 79 South State, Salt Lake City, Utah 84111 



November 1967 




The Voice of the Church 

November 1967 

Volume 70, Number 11 



Special Features 

2 Editor's Page: A True Thanksgiving, President David 0. McKay 

4 The Era Asks Seven Questions of Latter-day Saints in Congress 
(Part 2) 

30 Put Heart in Your Hello, Val Camenish Wilcox 

40 Servants in the Lord's Kingdom 

41-63 Color Portraits and Biographies of General Authorities of the 
Church 

64 Fiftieth Anniversary of the Church Office Building 

72 And Liberty for All, Li Nielsdatter 



Regular Features 

9, 78 LDS Scene 

15 The Presiding Bishopric's Page: The Sacrament, Bishop John H. 
Vandenberg 

21 Lest We Forget: In Everything Give Thanks, Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 

26 Best of Movies, Howard Pearson 

28, 32, 34, 38 The Spoken Word, Richard L. Evans 

36 Buffs and Rebuffs 

66 Melchizedek Priesthood: The Home Teacher and Understanding Hu- 
man Nature, Wilford D. Lee 

74 The Church Moves On 

80 Today's Family: Thanks for the Memory, Florence B. Pinnock 

86 These Times: Morals and Politics in International Life, G. Homer 
Durham 

90 End of an Era 

Era of Youth 

91-104 Marion D. Hanks and ElBlne Cannon, Editors 

Fiction, Poetry 

10 Within the Heart, Ida M. Barken 
8, 34, 38, 70, 90 Poetry 



David 0- McKay and Richard L. Evans. Editors; Doyle L- Green, Managing Edrtor; Alberl L- Zobeli, Jr., Research Editor; Mabel Jones Gabbott, Jay M. Todd, 
Eleanor Knowles. William T. Sykes. Editorial Associates; Florence B, Pinnock. Today's Family Editor; Marion D. Hanks. Era of Youth Editor; Elaine Cannon. 
Era of Youth Associate Editor; Ralph Reynolds, Art Director; Norman F. Price, Staff Artist. 

G. Homer Durham. Franklin S. Harris, Jr.. Hugh Nifaley. Sidney B, Sperry, Alma A, Gardiner, Contributing Editors. 

G. Carlos Smith. Jr., General Manager; Florence S. Jacobsen, Associate General Manager; Verl F. Scott, Business Manager; A, Glen Snarr, Acting Business 

Manager and Subscription Director; Thayer Evans, S. Glenn Smith, Advertising Representatives. 

©General Superintendent, Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1967, and published by the 
Mutual Improvement Associations of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. All rights reserved. Subscription price. $3,00 a year, in advance; 
multiple substripiions, 2 years, $5.75: 3 years, $8.25; each succeeding year, $2,50 a year added to the three-year price; 35c single copy, except for 
special issues. 

Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah, as second-class matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103 
- act of October 1917, authorized July 2, 1918. 
The Improvement Era' is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts but welcomes contributions. Manuscripts are paid for on acceptance and must be 
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Thirfy days' notice i& required for change of address. When ordering a change, please include address slip from a recent issue of the magazine. Address 
changes cannot be made unless the old address as well as the new one is included. 



The 

Editor's 

Page 



By President 
David 0. McKay 



T 



hree hundred forty-six 
years ago a proclamation 
was issued to a little group on the bleak shores of 
Plymouth to meet and worship and render thanks- 
giving to God. That has been said to be the first 
Thanksgiving in modern America. 

It is well for us to think on that for which those 
Pilgrims had to be thankful. They had landed in 
the previous November, in 1620, and many had to 
live on the Mayflower throughout that winter, for 
they had neither suitable clothing nor shelter. Many 
of their number died that first year, and yet those 
sturdy Pilgrims had gratitude in their hearts for the 
blessings of God. 

They had not forgotten his Divine Providence in 
their behalf. They had not forgotten their faith and 
their freedom, and the privilege of worshiping God 
as their consciences dictated. 




Gratitude is deeper than thanks. Thankfulness is 
the beginning of gratitude. Gratitude is the comple- 
tion of thankfulness. Thankfulness may consist 
merely of words. Gratitude is shown in acts, 

I think it is well for us to consider our attitude 
toward blessings for which we should be most grate- 
ful, not just such temporal blessings as our harvests 
and our profits. Our thanksgiving might be entirely 
selfish, if we are thinking only of the success that 
has attended our investments, if we are grateful only 
for good crops, if we are going to express thanks 
only for sufficient income to pay our taxes. 

The observance of Thanksgiving Day should be, in 
the best sense, religious. When President George 
Washington issued the first proclamation of thanks- 
giving, he called attention to reliance upon God. 

It might be well to review the feelings and emo- 
tions with which we approach Thanksgiving Day. 
There are some with whom things have gone well. The 
family circle has remained unbroken. No wasting 
sickness has come into their home. Prosperity has 
left its blessing. The festive table is laden with 
plenty. There is meat in the larder and grain in the 
storehouse. Because of these things, they imagine 
they are grateful; but such gratitude is the essence of 
selfishness. It finds its basis in circumstances; it draws 
its inspiration from clear skies and smooth sailing, 
and hence it is as fitful and efflorescent as the alterna- 
tions of sunlight and shadow. If these conditions of 
personal comfort and prosperity are in themselves the 
grounds for thankfulness, where in the hour of ad- 
versity shall we find occasion for rejoicing? 

A True 



Improvement Era 



The record of the past has its graver side. There 
have been pain and losses, and disappointments and 
bereavements, and heartaches. Where in those things 
are there reason and grounds for gratitude? Has the 
empty larder, the bare table, the desolate home, the 
vacant chair, the first mound in the cemetery no place 
for thanksgiving? 

This is the point of stumbling with many an earnest 
soul. We find in the bitter chill of adversity the real 
test of our gratitude, which, triumphant over condi- 
tions merely physical and external, finds its ground of 
thankfulness in God himself. It is independent of 
circumstances. It goes beneath the surface of life, 
whether sad or joyous, and founds itself upon God. 

Laying aside the thought of prosperity, let us con- 
sider some points for which everyone, rich or poor, 
well or sick, may express gratitude. The realities in 
life, after all, are the things that bring joy and happi- 
ness; and too many people in the world fail to appre- 
ciate these realities. 

One great reality for which we should be thankful 
is life itself. Life is a mystery to most of us, but 
all should be grateful for it. Life is the highest gift 
that God can give to men. And there is no person so 
poor, so crippled, who should not be grateful for 
such a gift. 

A second great fundamental for which we should be 
grateful is the free agency God has given us— freedom 
and liberty vouchsafed by the fundamental law of 
the land. 

As this Thanksgiving Day approaches, I am thank- 



people generally, realizing the fact that material 
possessions alone do not give happiness, are appreciat- 
ing more than ever before those things that are of 
most value. I am happy to enjoy with my friends 
these most worthwhile possessions. To name only a 
few, I would say that I am most grateful: 

First, for a noble parentage and a worthy name. 

Second, for an abiding faith in a Supreme Being 
and in the divinity of Jesus Christ. 

Third, for the abilities and opportunities to enjoy 
the gifts of God as manifest in nature. All the beauti- 
ful things of creation are mine merely for the seeing 
and the seeking. 

Fourth, for affectionate family relationships- 
loved ones and loyal friends. He who has even one 
friend is rich, and I have many who have proved 
themselves true and loyal. 

Fifth, for opportunities to render helpful service 
in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

And above all, for the knowledge that a kind and 
loving Father will give helpful guidance to all who 
seek him in sincerity. 

Let us always express gratitude for opportunities to 
render helpful service in the Church— service to our 
fellowmen, not to self. If you would be happy, make 
somebody else happy. This is a fundamental law of 
Christ, and the Church is so organized that every 
person has an opportunity in some organized way to 
render service to somebody else. Remember that 
"inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of 
these my brethren, ye have done it unto me." 



ful to know that members of the Church and so many (Matt. 25:40.) 



O 



Thanksgivi ng 



November 1967 



The Era Asks 



Seven Questions 

of Latter-day Saints 

In Congress 



PART 2 



Ten Latter-day Saints serve in the present U.S. Congress — three senators and 
seven representatives. Because of their important public positions and wide 
influence, we continue their thought-provoking responses to some questions of 
relevance to Latter-day Saints. 



Q — How do you feel about the 
Supreme Court decisions on ob- 
scenity? 

Congressman Clawson of Cali- 
fornia — This question deals spe- 
cifically, of course, with the rights 
guaranteed in the First Amend- 
ment, wherein it states, among 
other things, "Congress shall make 
no law . . . abridging the freedom 
of speech, or of the press . . ." and 
the Fourteenth Amendment, which 
provides that "no State shall make 
or enforce any law which shall 
abridge the privileges or immuni- 
ties of citizens of the United 
States. . . ." 

There appears to be no question 
about the preemption of the areas 
of speech and press freedom by the 
Constitution itself. This, then, 
leaves us the problem of obscenity, 
its definition, and at what point 
speech and press become obscene 
in the constitutional sense. The 
majority of the members of the 
Supreme Court have held that a 
state may not constitutionally in- 
hibit the distribution of literary 
material as obscene unless "(a) the 
dominant theme of the material 



taken as a whole appeals to a pru- 
rient interest in sex; (b) the 
material is patently offensive be- 
cause it affronts contemporary 
community standards relating to 
the description or representation of 
sexual matters; and (c) the mate- 
rial is utterly without redeeming 
social value." 

Interpretations and opinions will 
again differ from individual to 
individual, community to commu- 
nity, and state to state. The diffi- 



prohibition might be much better, 
with proper concern for juveniles 
and the right of privacy of the indi- 
vidual from unwilling exposure to 
offensive material. To be included 
also would be the methods of sale 
and distribution. 

Although I am not a lawyer, I 
have frequently been critical of 
Supreme Court decisions, but on 
this subject, the state and local 
governmental jurisdictions must 
avoid legislating in the field of free 
expression, whether oral or literary. 
Over and over again, the concern, 
distress, and anxiety of the local 
community over the publication, 
sale, and distribution of obscene 
and offensive material, whether in 
the form of personal or public per- 
formance, movies, publications, or 
any other means, has been assuaged 
through the firm and constructive 
action of an aroused citizenry. 

Education in the development of 
high standards of morality, ethics, 
and cultural appreciation is the best 
tool for combating obscenity and 
all of its peripheral problems. The 



W^^C^^ 





culty of legislating in the field of 
obscenity has always been apparent 
to legislators on all levels of govern- 
ment whenever they have at- 
tempted to come to grips with the 
problem. Regulation rather than 



imagination and initiative of mem- 
bers of civic and service organiza- 
tions of any given community can, 
in my humble opinion, devise 
methods and pressures to deal with 
such problems on the local level 
whenever the desire for improve- 
ment is strong enough. 
Congressman Hanna of California 
— In this line of Supreme Court 
decisions, I see the great challenge 
that faces our American society; 
that is, how to maintain the highest 



Improvement Era 



level of freedom and at the same 
time maintain a level of conduct 
that encourages the production of a 
morally strong citizenry. Where the 
level of conduct is held high by 
adherence of the people on a volun- 
tary basis, a voluntary commitment 
arises out of individual good taste 
and is driven by individual desire 
for the highest order of living, and 
when individual responsibility for 
conduct is appropriately assumed', 
the minimum level of law enforce- 
ment is required in those areas 
which impinge upon morality. But 
when individual voluntary commit- 
ment is lowered, when substantial 
segments of the population are 
willing to accept lower standards of 
behavior, when good taste does not 
prevail in bringing individual re- 
straint, then other elements in our 
society whose sense of decency is 
thereby offended will press strongly 
for a greater encroachment of law 
enforcement into the fields of moral 
behavior. 

If this occurs, true freedom in 
these areas will be eroded and 




Most of the statutes on obscenity 
turn out to be a struggle with se- 
mantics, and when it is all over, the 
basic question, however expressed, 
is still one of taste and a level of 
acceptable conduct. These are most 
difficult to express in the rigid 
language of criminal statutes. 
Therefore, it is my opinion that the 
Supreme Court decision on obscen- 
ity correctly admonishes a very 
cautious approach to those who 
seek the answers to these questions 
of moral behavior in the sterile and 
inflexible language of the criminal 
articles. 

Congressman Moss of California — 
The Court has not, in the case of 
obscenity, drawn precise lines. In 
fact, the Court has become en- 
meshed in a quagmire forcing it to 
deal with the question of obscenity 
on a case-by-case basis, which in- 
evitably will lead to an obscurity 
of definitive lines. 
Congressman Hansen of Idaho — 
I believe that no individual can 
adequately develop his talents 
without complete freedom of self- 

Beginning at 
far left: 

Senator Wallace F. 
Bennett, Utah; 
Congressman Laurence 
J. Burton, Utah; 
Senator Howard W. 
Cannon, Nevada; 
Congressman 
De/w/n M. C/awson, 
California; Congressman 
Richard T. Hanna, 
California. 



diminished. This is, in my judg- 
ment, very unfortunate, for it is in 
these fields of moral behavior that 
close and careful definitions, which 
make the application of criminal 
statutes acceptable or even toler- 
able in an open society, are most 
difficult. 



expression, but it must certainly be 
pointed out that there is a differ- 
ence between liberty and license. 
If certain individuals abuse their 
freedoms to the extent that they 
harm others, they are, in effect, in- 
fringing on the rights of others. 
There cannot be true liberty for all 
when license is allowed or encour- 
aged. In this light, I am concerned 
that recent Supreme Court deci- 



sions have not maintained this 
balance. 

Senator Moss of Utah — The Court 
has not drawn the right line be- 
tween freedom of expression and 
the right of communities to outlaw 
pornography, and I deplore it. As 
we know, for many years it was 
illegal to send obscene literature 
through the mail or to sell it in 
bookstores or on newsstands. Now 
the Supreme Court has held that 
some of these books have social 
value and are protected under the 
First Amendment. The decisions 
are based on fear of censorship, 
since the first act of a dictator is to 
limit free speech and free press. 

There are, however, several 
bright spots in the picture. First, 
the Supreme Court recently upheld 
a lower court decision to fine and 
jail a New York publisher for pub- 
lishing an obscene magazine be- 
cause the advertisement blatantly 
described the contents of the maga- 
zine in question as obscene. Second, 
a federal court in Iowa has recently 
convicted a California publisher 
for publishing obscene literature, 
and this case will now come before 
the Supreme Court. Furthermore, 
the Court indicated in one decision 
that laws passed by states to keep 
pornographic literature out of the 
hands of juveniles might be consti- 
tutional. I hope the individual 
states will act on this. 

Under a bill now pending before 
the Senate, a citizen may ask the 
Postmaster General to order the 
sender of erotic or sexually provoc- 
ative literature to refrain from 
sending any further literature, and 
parents can ask that a similar order 
be entered for their children. — ► 



November 1967 



Q — How essential is compromise 
in political decision-making? 
Senator Bennett of Utah — The 

word "compromise" has come to 
have a bad connotation, which it 
does not deserve. In a body like the 
Senate, made up of a hundred men, 



ministration. Factors reflecting 
partisan politics are nearly always 
present. Then, of course, there is 
the constant potential conflict 
created by variations in the in- 
terests of the state a senator repre- 
sents, divisions of opinion with the 



I refer to those incorporated in the 
13th Article of Faith: honesty, 
truthfulness, chastity, and similar 
virtues. In any given situation, 
either a man tells the truth as he 
knows it to be, or he does not; he 
is either honest or he is not; he is 



'You cannot be a good Latter-day Saint without being politically active." 



each with his own background and 
his own opinion, any legislation, in 
order to secure the needed 51 per- 
cent of the votes to pass, must be 
the result of compromise. Some- 
times there is general agreement on 
the basic form of the legislation, 
and the compromise involves de- 
tails. Sometimes there is head-on 
disagreement on the problems and 
philosophy of the legislation, and 
in that case compromise becomes 
more serious. 

Those who feel that "compro- 
mise" is a bad word tend to see it 
in such a phrase as "to compromise 
one's principles." People who hold 
that view tend to regard people 
who do not agree with them as 
either having no principles or hav- 
ing surrendered them. Actually, in 
my long experience in the Senate I 
have come to realize that when 
people who have this kind of an 
idea talk of principles, they are 
really talking of their self-interest. 
They are not talking about the 
basic aspects of character and in- 
tegrity. Sometimes they are saying 
that a person who does not agree 
with their interpretation of a situa- 
tion has compromised his prin- 
ciples. 

The factors to be weighed in the 
inevitable compromise change with 
every problem. Some are economic, 
some social, some matters of ad- 



state or party, what might be 
called national interest, and the 
personal philosophy of government 
a senator may hold. 
Congressman Burton of Utah — 
The original meaning of "compro- 
mise," and the one that particularly 
applies to the legislative process, is 
"a settlement by arbitration or by 
consent reached by mutual conces- 
sions." As one might suspect, there 
is hardly any issue that comes be- 
fore the House of Representatives 
that all 435 members would com- 
pletely agree upon. In truth, many 
if not most of the bills that are 
enacted into law are a synthesis of 
varying points of view. 

For my own part, I have often 



either chaste or he is not. I do not 
believe that it is in any way neces- 
sary for a legislator to be less prin- 
cipled than persons engaged in 
other callings. But— and this is the 
point that should be understood— 
an effective legislator can and does 
compromise with respect to certain 
legislative goals without doing 
violence to his personal integrity. 
Senator Cannon of Nevada — Com- 
promise is an absolutely necessary 
ingredient of the decision-making 
process in a democratic form of 
government. It is the only way by 
which the needs and demands of 
divergent sections of the country 
can be satisfied. It is also the only 
way by which conflicting view- 




found it necessary to vote for 
measures that embody less than the 
ideal for which I may have hoped. 
I have done this because, in my 
judgment, the measure in question 
represents the best that the House 
would approve, and, as a practical 
matter, "half a loaf is better than 
no loaf at all." 

I am certainly not unmindful, 
however, that there are certain 
absolute values that cannot prop- 
erly be the subject of compromise. 



points can be merged in agreement. 
The job of a member of Congress 
is to view the entire problem and 
make an equitable decision as to 
how our nation's needs can best be 
met. 

This decision should not and 
need not involve an abandonment 
of principles, but without compro- 
mise the governmental processes 
could not function, and in most in- 
stances legislative action could not 
be accomplished. 



Improvement Era 



Congressman Hansen of Idaho— 

A breakdown in the principle of 
compromise— and therefore a break- 
down in good government— occurs 
when a political party in power is 
so strong numerically that it can 
ride roughshod over the thoughts 
and opinions of its opponents with- 
out giving them due consideration. 

Congressman Clawson of Cali- 
fornia — I prefer to eliminate the 
word "political" and discuss com- 
promise and decision-making in a 
general sense, inasmuch as all deci- 
sion-making involves "compromise," 
even in the councils of the Church. 
The degree of toughness that one 
holds to a position depends upon 
the issue and the factors surround- 
ing it. 

I have tried to follow a strict 
personal guideline that when mat- 
ters of judgment are involved, com- 
promise is often required. If the 
decision imposes a deviation from 
principle (integrity, rightness, 
honor, justice), then compromise 
cannot be countenanced. On the 
federal legislative level, some of 




Q — How does political life afford 
new dimensions for expression of 
personal integrity? 
Congressman Hansen of Idaho — 

Political life affords new dimen- 
sions for expression of personal 
integrity by allowing public offi- 
cials and aspirants to public office 
considerably more latitude than 
they would generally experience as 
private citizens. Because of this, it 
is often easy to abuse newfound 
privileges and immunities that may 
go with the office. Generally, how- 
ever, there is a great challenge to 
an individual, who now is respon- 
sible, not only to himself but also 
to the people he represents and to 
the nation, to conduct himself in a 
manner above reproach and to 
weigh the issues more carefully 
and in greater depth before arriv- 
ing at decisions on them. 

Senator Bennett of Utah — It seems 
to me that the basic principles of 
character that can be summarized 
by the phrase "personal integrity" 
should apply in all activities of life, 
and while the pressures and temp- 



Beginning at far left: 
Congressman George 
Vernon Hansen, Idaho; 
Congressman Sherman P. 
Lloyd, Utah; Senator 
Frank E. Moss, Utah; 
Congressman John E. 
Moss, California; 
Congressman Morris 
K. Udall, Arizona. 



the factors I use include: Is it con- 
stitutional? Is it necessary? Is it in 
the public interest? Is it within the 
province of the federal govern- 
ment, or should it be at some other 
governmental level? And even such 
a mundane factor as, "Can we af- 
ford it?" 



tations may be a little different in 
political life, certainly there are 
none that are new or unique. 
Congressman Lloyd of Utah — I be- 
lieve that even good men operate 
within the context of their personal 
interest, but they also recognize a 
larger context. I am often asked 
the question, "If your personal con- 
victions were in conflict over the 
wishes of your constituency, how 
would you vote?" There are many 
questions on which I believe the 



congressman should represent the 
opinion of his constituency, if it is 
possible to ascertain what the 
majority will is. 

However, there are other situa- 
tions in which it is necessary to vote 
one's convictions. For example, I 
voted in favor of the Civil Rights 
Act of 1963, which I viewed as a 
moral issue, in spite of the fact that 
my mail was overwhelmingly in 
opposition. On questions of labor- 
management relations, education, 
taxation, and other controversial 
issues, a congressman has the re- 
sponsibility, in my opinion, of 
deciding what is best, and not what 
is politically expedient. After all, 
good citizens expect leadership as 
well as representation from their 
congressmen. 

I believe this is the true test of 
personal integrity, and I acknowl- 
edge that two persons, equally 
honest, might disagree on the defi- 
nition of personal integrity. For 
example, one might decide that it 
is his responsibility to vote the 
apparent desires of his constituency 
while the other might decide that 
it is his responsibility to vote his 
convictions based on honest study, 
and to let the chips fall where they 
may. There is perhaps no other 
form of activity in which personal 
integrity is challenged more often 
than in the field of politics. 

Q — What advice would you give 
the thousands of Latter-day Saints 
as they enter politics on the local, 
city, state, and national level? 
Senator Moss of Utah — Become an 
active member of a pohtical party! 
That is the best advice I can give 
to those entering the active years 



November 1967 



of citizenship. Almost every voter 
sees the election in which he feels 
he must scratch his ticket, but the 
task of governing the nation is done 
largely by our political parties. 
Those who vote only in general 
elections exert little influence for 
either good or bad. Candidates are 
selected and ideas put into plat- 
forms through mass meetings, con- 
ventions, and primaries. Only 
through them can men of integrity 
and devotion to the public good be 
put on a ticket. Many a law or 
political career has been germi- 
nated in a meeting of a small group 
of interested citizens determined to 
move their party. If you do not 
participate, you leave to others— 
often those with axes to grind—the 
determination of the future of our 
country. 

Congressman Clawson of Cali- 
fornia — May I say that you cannot 
be a good Latter-day Saint without 
being politically active, whether or 
not you hold office. Read carefully 
the instructions in the Doctrine and 
Covenants regarding the selection 
of public officials. If this counsel is 
followed, then you are in politics. 
Congressman Burton of Utah — 
I know of no other church that 
places such heavy emphasis on 
good citizenship as does our own. 
But to make democracy really 
work, all members of the body poli- 
tic must participate in it. Every 
year in thousands of school board, 
city council, and county commis- 
sion meetings, highly important de- 
cisions involving budgets of millions 
of dollars are made and approved 
with scarcely any citizen interest 
whatsoever. This is a shame! 
Senator Cannon of Nevada — I 
would urge Latter-day Saints to 
apply the principles that they carry 
with them through life in the con- 
duct of their activities at every 
political level. These principles 
have been tried and tested and 
have enabled countless Latter-day 



Saints to make valuable contribu- 
tions to our way of life. My further 
advice is to apply the principles of 
fairness and justice to politics in a 
manner that will make these virtues 
as meaningful in the political arena 
as they are in day-to-day life. And 
there is no effective substitute for 
active membership and participa- 
tion in the political party of one's 
choice. Only through such an or- 
ganization can ideas be put into 
motion and find their expression in 
our laws. 

Congressman iVIoss of California — 
Be informed, fully and carefully; be 
compassionate; be willing to be 
unpopular if need be in order to 
render service. Entering politics 
with the idea of always being pop- 
ular is a dangerous thing. I per- 
sonally have been well guided 
through my years of political ser- 
vice by the words of Edmund 
Burke: "But his unbiased opinion, 
his mature judgment, his enlight- 
ened conscience, he ought not to 
sacrifice to you, to any man, or to 
any set of men living. These he 
does not derive from your pleasure, 
no, nor from the law and the Con- 



stitution. They are a trust from 
Providence, for the abuse of which 
he is deeply answerable. Your rep- 
resentative owes you, not his in- 
dustry only, but his judgment; and 
he betrays, instead of serving you, 
if he sacrifices it to your opinion." 
Congressman Udall of Arizona — 
Running through my personal 
philosophy, and doubtless under- 
lying my approach to problems of 
government, are fundamentals that 
my church teaches and represents: 
the value of the individual, the im- 
portance of man's free agency, the 
belief that problems can be over- 
come with goodwill, intelligence, 
and hard work, the vital necessity 
of our free institutions, respect for 
authority, and the idea that we are 
our brother's keeper. By using 
these and other teachings of the 
Church, Latter-day Saints should 
be able to make an immeasurable 
contribution to mankind. O 



(Note: The first response on page 
27— October, Part 1—is from Con- 
gressman John E. Moss instead of 
Congressman Richard T. Hanna.) 



Faith 

By Solveig Paulson Russell 

In late autumn woods the trees are hare, 
And soggy dead growth is everywhere. 
No bird song trills, no rabbit leaps. 
Far underground the gopher sleeps. 

Here is no promise of fragrant spring, 
No clue to say that earth will fling 
A glad new garment, fresh and green, 
Over this quiet, lifeless scene. 

But deep in the silent roots there lies 
The making of God's planned surprise. 
Here miracles of growth, tender and bold. 
Will, in appointed time, unfold. 



8 



Improvement Era 



TheLDS Scene 




U.S. Indian Claims 
Commissioner Retires 

Former Utah Senator 
Arthur V. Watkins has 
retired as chief 
commissioner of the Indian 
Claims Commission, an 
appointment made by 
President Dwight D. 
Eisenhower in 1959. The 
former Sharon (Orem, Utah) 
Stake president and 
weekly newspaper publisher 
is wellknown nationally for 
his contributions to 
water resource development 
and his chairmanship of 
the select committee to 
study censure charges 
against Senator Joseph 
McCarthy in 1954. 
in his honor the 
Arthur V. Watkins Integrity- 
in-Congress Award, to 
be given each year to a 
deserving senator or 
congressman, has been 
established. The Washington 
Post recently editorialized: 
"This country is deeply 
grateful to Mr. Watkins. At 
a time when the orderly 
conduct of government was 
in grave peril from the 
wild and seemingly 
uncontrollable prairie fire 
known as McCarthyism, 
the unassuming Senator 
from Utah brought the 



nightmare to an end. . . . 
Few episodes in recent 
history have given the 
country a stronger feeling of 
mingled pleasure and 
surprise." Brother Watkins 
now plans to write his 
memoirs. 





Number One Middleweight 

Don Fullmer, No. 1 ranking middleweight boxing 
championship contender of the World Boxing Association, 
dodges blow of Teddy Wright in a ten-round match held at 
Weber State College, Ogden, Utah. Twenty-eight-year-old 
Fullmer, Explorer leader in the South Jordan Third Ward, 
West Jordan, Utah, and younger brother of Gene Fullmer, 
former world middleweight boxing champion, won by 
unanimous decision. He will meet Italian Sandro Mazzinghi 
December 8 in an elimination bout for a chance 
at the championship. 



Home Run Champion 

Harmon Killebrew, first 
baseman for the 
Minnesota Twins baseball 



team, tied for the 
American League home run 
title, with 44 home runs 
this season. Elder 
Killebrew, a member of 
the Ontario (Oregon) Ward, 
joined the Church in 
February 1966. He has 



been American League 
home run champion four 
times, once the league's 
runs-batted-in leader, and is 
the 14th all-time home 
run hitter in baseball 
with a total of 380 
home runs. 




Many Farms Project 

A few of the more than 200 participating 
Indians who helped harvest 12 
different crops on the Church's Many 
Farms project near Chinle, Arizona, survey 
their labors. The project, a modern 
community development concept similar 



to early Mormon colonization patterns, 
is sponsored by the Southwest Indian 
Mission and is designed to teach Indians 
to cooperate and work 

together. Proceeds from the 60-acre farm go 
to the project. 



November 1967 



9 



Within the Heart 

By Ida M. Barkan 

• Karen's eyes fell on the forgotten note Jody had 
placed on the dresser the day before. "A note from 
the teacher," Jody had explained, withdrawing to her 
room and to her solitude. Karen wondered how soon 
Jody would resume her normal way of life. Or was 




this normal under the circumstances? In all her read- 
ing and discussion she had never explored the subject 
of a child's grief in the face of death. How long did 
a child mourn? Karen tore open the envelope and 
read: 

"Dear Mrs. Wilson: I would appreciate your com- 
ing to see me at your earliest convenience— between 
12:30 and 1:00 or after school, whichever is better for 
you. Sincerely, Mary Jackson." 

Your earliest convenience. Miss Jackson knew about 
Art's death and would not ask for a consultation unless 
it was urgent. Perhaps Jody was not doing well in 




Karen 



10 



Improvement Era 



arithmetic again. Art had always helped her with 
her problems, Karen thought. She would go to the 
school today. If Jody needed help with her lessons, 
she'd help her. She would have to be both father and 
mother to the child. 

Karen had tried to appear brave in front of Jody. 
Because children were impressionable and some- 
times had amazing memories, Karen had made an 
effort to prevent Jody from accumulating too many 
unhappy memories of this tragic period, even if it 
meant smiling when her heart was crying, speaking 
when she wanted to weep. Jody had withdrawn 
almost from the hour of her father's death, eating her 
meals in silence, then leaving for school or for her 
room. But now Karen decided she would get a job; 
they would resume life together, the two of them. How 
thankful Karen was that she had Jody. She should 
have adopted another child. Children should have 
brothers or sisters, but Art's poor health had kept 
her from adding to his responsibilities. She smiled 
faintly, a trace of joy entering her sad heart at the 
thought of the beautiful relationship between Art and 
Jody. 

Approaching the school two hours later, she recalled 
the homework sessions Art and Jody often had to- 
gether. A high school teacher. Art had spent most of 
his adult life with children and had a deep love for 
them. To Jody he had been father, teacher, adviser, 
companion. Now Karen felt inadequate to fill the 
many vacancies left in Jody's heart by his death. 
Undoubtedly Miss Jackson would tell her that Jody 
was not doing her schoolwork satisfactorily. What 
could one expect of a child who had recently lost 
a father? 



But Miss Jackson had no fault to find with Jody's 
schoolwork. "It is strange," the teacher said, the 
lines in her forehead deepening, "how the child has 
completely withdrawn from everybody." 

"Wouldn't you expect her to?" Karen instantly re- 
gretted her impatience. 

"No." The teacher's eyes were wide and frank. 
"This is your child's first experience with death. But 
I have seen many children under similar circum- 
stances. None of them have behaved this way. It 
isn't natural after so many weeks. A child so young 
usually cannot resist the surge of life. She should be 
out there playing with her friends, instead of brood- 
ing by herself as she is probably doing right now." 

"But she was so close to her father." Karen had the 
odd feeling she was arguing with herself. Reluctant 
to express her own concern at Jody's detachment, even 
afraid to admit it, she now agreed there was some- 
thing odd about Jody's behavior. Wouldn't you think 
a child, upon losing one parent, would be drawn 
closer to the other? 

"We had a wonderful relationship with our daugh- 
ter," Karen said quietly, rising and slipping on her 



Mrs. Ida M. Barkan, wife of a cantor in the Agudas 
Achim Synagogue in San Antonio, Texas, wrote this 
story after viewing a similar incident involving a 
friend's adopted child. 



felt inadequate to fill the void in Jody's heart. 



November 1967 



11 



gloves. "Our daughter is adopted. An adopted child 
is sometimes more welcome and more loved than one 
born to parents. Don't you agree?" 

"I am sure you love your child dearly." Miss Jack- 
son rose, too. "I hope you will be able to pull her 
out of this appalling gloom." 

Appalling gloom. The words rolled over in her 
mind as she walked home. Incredible that such a 
description should apply to her usually sunny, cheer- 
ful, happy child. Incredible, too, that Jody did not 
cling to her mother these past weeks. At first, too 
involved in her own grief, Karen had failed to notice. 
Then she tried to convince herself it was a passing 
mood. Well, who says the teacher knew everything? 
Some children may lose a father on one day and go 
out to play the next day, but not Jody. Not her 
clever, intelligent, devoted Jody. 

But something had to be done. Should she ask 
directly, "Jody, why do you keep away from me?" 
From the start she had used the direct approach. The 
child knew that she was adopted. Karen spoke of it 
freely, openly, and often, even though this had elicited 
vehement criticism from some, especially from her 
friend Hattie, herself the mother of two adopted 
children. Karen tried not to think now of Hattie, 
whose recent coolness and neglect still touched a sore 
spot. When Jody had asked, "Why don't we see 
Aunt Hattie any more?" Karen replied, "She moved 
away." But six blocks could hardly be called "away." 

Karen still could not understand Hattie's attitude. 
"But why mustn't we speak of adoption openly?" 
Karen had asked. "This is a problem we all have, 
those of us who have adopted children." 

"It is no problem!" Hattie objected. "Yes, children 
should be told. But we shouldn't bring it up at every 
opportunity! You treat this as you would any delicate 
subject. But you shouldn't constantly harp on it. I 
don't care to have my children reminded often that 
they are adopted." 

They did not see eye to eye, but was that reason 
to break up a friendship? Karen had not realized 
how much she missed her friend until Hattie came to 
visit her after Art's death. If Karen hoped they would 
resume their former relationship, she was wrong. 
Days were followed by weeks and Hattie did not 
come again. 



Karen did not remember just when she had first 
discussed the matter of adoption with Jody, but she 
recalled one day when six-year-old Jody, while eating 
her supper, asked, "Does Mrs. Norcross next door 
have a baby growing under her heart?" 

"Yes," Karen said. 

"Is that where I came from— inside you?" 

"No, darling. I adopted you, you know." 

"Why didn't I grow in you?" 

"For some reason a little baby couldn't grow in me. 
Remember when we planted our garden— the carrots, 
tomatoes, and peas? Some grew and some did not. 
Sometimes babies grow in a mamma and sometimes 
not. When you did not grow in me I went to the 
institution I told you about, where there are babies 
whose mammas can't keep them, and I picked the 
prettiest, the sweetest one— you!" 

"Mommy, can I have more cookies?" 

There are times in one's life, Karen reflected, when 
memories come up that have no direct relationship 
to the incident that brings them up. Why did she 
recall the sad day when Spotty, their dog, was killed 
by a car, leaving a two-week-old litter of four? "What 
will happen to the puppies?" Jody had cried, her 
heart broken. 

"I'll send them to an institution where the people 
will take good care of the puppies until they find 
homes for them, with families who love puppies." 

"Just like me! Did the mamma who horned me 
die? Do the mammas of the 'stitution babies die, like 
Spotty did?" 

"Not always, dear. Sometimes they do. Sometimes 
the mammas are too sick to take care of the babies, 
and sometimes they have no daddies. A baby must 
have a daddy and a mamma to love her, to take care 
of her. That's what makes a family— a daddy, a 
mamma, and a child." 

Karen unlocked her door, entered the house, and 
knew that she would not go job hunting today. In 
the back of her mind, painful thoughts persisted. She 
had to go through Art's closet and dispose of his 
clothes. Each time she thought of it she couldn't 
bring herself to go to the closet. But she'd have to do 
it. Perhaps tomorrow, after Jody left for school. 
She must not let Jody see her in distress. Jody must 
see her calm and brave. Karen must do her crying 
during the nights, with face pressed into her pillow. 

At Art's desk she picked up the cards of condolence 
she had not yet acknowledged. Ten years of teach- 
ing in one school added up to a great many students, 
and Art's affection for his students had resulted in 
unending friendship with them. She picked up a 
card, but instead of the words on it she saw her 
daughter's sad face. How could Karen pull Jody out 



12 



Improvement Era 



of her depression? Troubled, she gazed, through the 
window until her eyes rested on her next door neigh- 
bor, Mrs. Norcross, heavy with child, walking toward 
her four-year-old son in the yard. With a half-formed 
thought Karen left her desk and crossed the path to 
Mrs, Norcross. Hesitantly, she briefly outlined her 
problem, and together they conspired to get Jody 
out of the house that afternoon. "I hope it works," 
Mrs. Norcross said. 

"Thank you for your willingness to try." 

She now stood by the window, watching Jody 
strolling down the street until Mrs. Norcross called 
to her. The two "exchanged some words, and with a 
smile Jody hastened toward her home. 

"Mamma," Jody said, "Mrs. Norcross wants me to 
take care of Paul. She is tired and wants to lie down. 
May I?" 

"Of course. Have your milk first." 

At the table Karen closely studied Jody's face, which 
slowly started losing its animated look, assuming the 
brooding, unhappy expression that had covered it for 
over a month. "Do women always get tired when 
they are going to have babies?" 

"Most of the time." Oh. ask more questions, Karen 
thought to herself. Say something, anything! Don't 
loithdraiv from me, my darling! 

"I remember. Mamma, when Mrs. Norcross was 
going to have Paul, and you told me the baby was 
under her heart." 

"Yes. That's where babies grow." 

Jody rose slowly and headed toward the door. 
Without a word or backward glance, she left. Karen 
looked after her, unhappy, confused, at a complete 
loss. What has happened to my child? She avoids 
me! She distrusts me! 



'This is a problem we all have — ■ those of us who have 

adopted children." 



She forced herself to Art's desk, answering the con- 
dolence acknowledgments until it grew dark. Time to 
get dinner ready. She put two steaks in the broiler, 
set two places at the kitchen table, and glanced 
through the window to see whether Jody was coming. 
The yard was empty. She fixed a salad in the wooden 
bowls that Jody enjoyed and glanced out again. 
Undecided, she reached on the shelf for a package of 
instant mashed potatoes, then determinedly put it 
back and left the kitchen to go next door. She must 
not appear distraught. Slowly she crossed the path 
that connected the two houses. She knocked, then 
entered the kitchen. Mrs. Norcross was seated in a 
rocker, reading to her son. 

"Where is Jody?" Karen asked. 

"Isn't she with you? She left about 30 minutes 
ago." 

A wave of apprehension crept over Karen. She 
half turned toward the door, then wheeled back, star- 
ing at Mrs. Norcross. "She never goes anywhere 
without telling me." 

"She may have stopped with some neighbor." Mrs. 
Norcross tried to sound hopeful. "Why don't you ask? 
I'd go, but . . ." 

"That's all right. I'll go right away." 

She rang the bell of one neighbor and the next one, 
until she had inquired in all the eight houses on both 
sides of her street. She finally dragged herself back 
toward her own home, thinking that now she must 







/ 






November 1967 



13 



call the police. In front of her house she saw a wor- 
ried Mrs. Norcross waiting for her. 

"She's not there/' Karen said, tonelessly. As she 
slowly walked to the door, she heard the telephone 
ringing. She dashed to answer. 

"Karen? . . . This is Hattie." 

"Yes?" Happy as she was to hear from Hattie, this 
was no time for social calls. 

"Jody is here." 

Her knees buckled but she forced her voice to 
sound normal. "I couldn't imagine where she had 
gone. I'll be right over for her." 

"I'll bring her to you, if that's all right. Tom is 
home and I can leave now." 

Karen placed the receiver on its cradle and eased 
herself into the chair. Inert, her strength leaving her, 
she sat in the quiet, dark house, trying to get her 
thoughts in order. No amount of thinking could 
explain why Jody had gone to Hattie. A gentle knock 
on the door brought her to her feet. Mrs. Norcross 
was at the door. 

"Your house was still dark. I wondered . . ." 

"Jody is at a friend's home. My old friend, Hattie 
Scott." 

"Scott? That's the name Jody asked me to look up 
in the telephone directory. Then she wanted to know 
where Briggs Street was. She didn't know it was only 
six blocks away." 

"Mrs. Scott moved there recently. We hadn't been 
to her home yet." 

She turned the porch light on for Mrs. Norcross and 
was glad to be alone again, groping for the elusive 
threads of thoughts that might weave some pattern 
into this maze of confusion. Six blocks would not 
take long to cover, and soon they would be here and 
Karen would know all. Her impatience was mingled 
with misgivings. Alerted to their footsteps, she was 
at the door and on the porch before they reached the 
first step. Under the light she saw that Jody had 
been crying and that Hattie's eyes, too, were misty. 

"Jody, darling!" She drew the child to her. "I've 
been so worried!" 

"Karen, Jody had a little snack." Hattie's voice had 
a sound of urgency. "Don't you think she ought to go 
to her room and get undressed now?" 

"A good idea," Karen said. "Put on the new nightie 
and show Aunt Hattie how pretty it is." With Jody 
out of the room she turned to Hattie, anguish in her 
eyes. "What happened?" 

"I don't know how to put it to you gently. She 
simply appeared at my door saying she had run away 
and asking if she could live with me." 

"What— are you saying?" 

"I was just as surprised as you. Jody said that 



since I have two adopted children already, I could 
have three." 

"I don't understand. I don't understand at all!" 

"I do— now. Jody will tell you. I think you'll do 
better to talk it over without me. And why don't you 
come over for lunch tomorrow. It's been a long time, 
Karen." 

Karen hurried to Jody's room, feeling more unsure 
of herself than she had since she was a child. Jody 
was sitting on the edge of her bed, fumbling at the 
ribbons on her new nightie. 

"Jody," she said, seating herself beside the child and 
trying to keep the hurt out of her voice. "Why did 
you run away from our home?" 

" 'Cause I didn't want to go back to the institution," 
she cried. "You're not going to send me back, are you? 
Aunt Hattie said you never would." 

Brushing a hand across her stinging eyes, Karen 
asked: "Why should I?" 

"You told me," Jody spoke falteringly, "that the 
mother who gave birth to me gave me away because 
she had no daddy for me. Now my daddy is dead, 
and I didn't grow under your heart. I thought, if I 
could stay with Aunt Hattie, because she has adopted 
children too— I'd still be close to you. And I could 
still see you sometimes." 

"Jody! Jody, baby!" Karen was on her knees, arms 
wrapped about the child. "Whatever gave you such an 
idea?" 

She started to cry. But Jody needed reassurance 
now, not tears. 

"You had a daddy. For ten years you had him. 
When you were a little baby, a tiny one, you needed 
a daddy to help bring you up. He brought you up 
beautifully, better than any other daddy could have 
done. I know you'll always remember the daddy who 
helped make you what you are. Give you away? I 
need you, darling, more than I ever did. We've lost 
daddy. We can't lose each other, too. What would I 
want to live for, without you?" 

Karen felt two little hands, one pressing on each of 
her cheeks. She saw two large, misted blue eyes 
staring questioningly into her own eyes. "You love 
me that much . . . even if I did not grow under your 
heart?" 

"More, darling. More. You didn't grow under my 
heart— you grew in it, so very, very deep in my heart, 
and I love you more than anything in the world!" 

Suddenly the child began to sob, the sounds of a 
dam finally broken by the force of pent-up emotions. 
"Oh, Mommy!" she cried. 

With Jody cradled in her arms, Karen found her 
own tears finally flowing freely, and she murmured, 
"My little girl— my darlingest treasure!" O 



14 



Improvement Era 



The Presiding Bishop 
Speaks About 
The Sacrament 



By Bishop John H. Vandenberg 



W 



ould you go back with 
me to that first sacrament 
meeting in which the Master presided. Before this 
meeting, the Savior knew that his great suffering and 
sacrifice was now but a few short hours away, and 
so he gathered to him the men who had walked with 
him for the three years of his ministry— the men whom 
he loved so dearly. These last peaceful moments 
he wanted to share with them, even though he knew 
that one of them had already bargained for his life, 
and that the others would, as he stated, "be offended 
because of me this night." (Matt. 26:31.) 

What he was to accomplish that night and in the 
ensuing hours was beyond their immediate compre- 
hension. Yet the Master realized how greatly his 
sacrifice was to affect them and all who had lived or 
ever would live upon the earth. And thus, to cause 
the apostles and all of the people of his Church to 
reflect seriously and periodically on the events that 
were shortly to transpire, the Savior introduced the 
sacrament. It was a very sacred ordinance, so sacred 
that it was instituted by the Master himself. It was 
prepared and blessed by the Savior during that first 
sacrament meeting. 

Matthew records this event with these words: ". . . 



A new 
series begins, 

featuring 

counsel from 

the Presiding 

Bishop to the 

youth of the 

Church. 




Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and 
gave it to the disciples, and said. Take, eat; this is 
my body. 

"And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave 
it to them, saying. Drink ye all of it; 

"For this is my blood of the new testament, which 
is shed for many for the remission of sins." (Matt. 
26:26-28.) 

Today, following the restoration of this ordinance, 
the Savior has authorized the bearers of his priesthood 
to act in his stead in blessing these sacred emblems. 
In this dispensation, young men perform the same 
function with regard to the sacrament as did the 
Savior; it is a sacred responsibility and trust. 

You young men who bear this responsibility, do you 
administer, prepare, and pass the sacrament with the 
thought in mind that you are literally performing the 
same functions as the Savior did? And does this 
thought assist you deacons in keeping reverent 
throughout sacrament meeting, and in passing the 
sacrament with dignity and respect? With this 
thought, are you teachers more conscious of being 
prompt, in having the sacrament prepared well in 
advance of the beginning of the meeting? And do 
you priests feel a special responsibility as you call 
upon the Father in solemn prayer while administering 
these sacred emblems on behalf of all assembled? 

The responsibility with the sacrament isn't limited 
to the sacrament table or the chapel— it reaches into 
every moment of our lives. A person must be worthy 
not only to partake of the sacrament, but priesthood 
bearers must also be worthy before they can par- 
ticipate in this sacred ordinance. President McKay 
referred to this as he addressed the body of priest- 
hood bearers at a general conference. With regard to 
the sacrament, he said, "I strongly urge that this 
sacred ordinance be surrounded with more reverence, 
with perfect order; that each one who comes to the 
House of God may meditate upon, and silently and 
prayerfully -express appreciation for God's goodness. 
It is up to you bishops to see to it that the sacrament 
is administered only by boys and young men who are 
worthy to attend to this sacred ordinance, and that it 
is done reverently, with a full understanding of its 
significance to them and to the audience." 

From these words of our Prophet, it is clear that 
the Lord guards this right of handling the sacrament 
and views it as a sacred privilege. Each young man 
who holds the priesthood has the responsibility of 
living worthy to participate in this ordinance. And 
bishops will need to rely on their Aaronic Priesthood 
quorum presidencies in the determination of the week- 
by-week worthiness of these young men. 

The sacrament is a wonderful, sacred ordinance 



November 1967 



15 



—it's not just the passing or administering of bread 
and water. It's a priesthood function, and as such, 
it carries with it a grave responsibihty. The Old Testa- 
ment tells us of a man called Uzza who was struck 
dead for carelessness in carrying out his instruction 
concerning the sacred possessions contained in the Ark 
of the Covenant. It is just as grave an offense for a 
priesthood bearer today to fail to understand the 
sacred nature of the sacrament to which he is attend- 
ing. For a better understanding of the sacredness 
of the sacrament, let's look a little closer at its meaning. 

Shortly after Jesus introduced the sacrament in the 
meeting to which we previously referred, he walked 
to a small wooded area called Gethsemane, and there 
he commenced the greatest of all sacrifices for you 
and me. In the garden, on the cross, and culminating 
with the rising from the tomb, the Savior brought the 
resurrection to all mankind and an escape from the 
spiritual death brought about by our sins, for those 
who would qualify through repentance and baptism. 

It is difficult to truly envision all that he has done. 
But without his great sacrifice, life would be without 
hope or purpose. To further understand his suffering 
and sacrifice, let's read his own words: "For behold, 
I, God, have suffered these things for all, that they 
might not suffer if they would repent; 

"But if they would not repent they must suffer even 
as I; 

"Which suffering caused myself, even God, the 
greatest of all, to tremble because of pain, and to bleed 
at every pore, and to suffer both body and spirit— 



and would that I might not drink the bitter cup, and 
shrink— 

"Nevertheless, glory be to the Father, and I partook 
and finished my preparations unto the children of 
men." (D&C 19:16-19.) 

When we partake of the sacrament, it is this great 
contribution he has made to our lives that we should 
keep foremost in our minds. 

' Through the sacrament, members of the Church 
recommit and re-focus their lives. President McKay 
said this about partaking of the sacrament: "What 
a strength there would be in this Church if next 
Sunday every member who partakes of the sacra- 
ment would sense the significance of the covenant 
made in that ordinance; if every member were will- 
ing to take upon him the name of the Son, to be a 
true Christian, to be proud of it, and always to re- 
member him in the home, in business, in society, 
always remember him and keep his commandments 
that he has given them. How comprehensive the 
blessing, and how significant the covenant we make 
each Sabbath day." 

Young men of the Aaronic Priesthood, you who are 
charged with the responsibility of the , sacrament, 
study its meaning, its sacredness, and the sacred re- 
sponsibility that comes with this great privilege. O 



For behold, L God, have suffered these things for all, that they might 

not suffer if they would repent." (D&C 19:16) 




chRistmas At desecet Book 

Delight friends and relatives with choice books that 
express the spirit of Christmas so appropriately! 




1. MAN MAY KNOW FOR 
HIMSELF 

by President David 0. McKay $4.95 

Compiled by Clare Middlemiss, this 
newest volume of President McKay's 
teachings is full of encouragement and 
hope— and is a positive guide to more 
fruitful living. 



2. A MORE EXCELLENT WAY 

by Neal IVIaxwell $2.95 

An outstanding book on the develop- 
ment of personal qualities of leader- 
ship so essential to successful living. 



3. THE PRIMARY CHILDREN'S 
HOSPITAL $1.50 

Share some of the heart warming experi- 
ences of the patients and staff of this 
unique institution. A testimony to faith, 
courage, and devoted service. 

4. KEY TO 4APPINESS 

by Beatrice M. Sparks $3.95 

Written to high school and college girls, 
this book contains the secrets that 
make life a happy and rewarding ex- 
perience. Foreword by Laraine Day. 



5. MEET THE MORMONS 

by Doyle and Randall Green $2.95 

A colorful and profusely illustrated 
introduction to the beliefs and prac- 
tices of the Church . . . and to its mem- 
bers throughout the world. . 

6. Spanish language edition. $3.95 

7. THE MAKING OF A 
PROPHET 

by Dr. Lindsay R. Curtis $2.95 

The early years of the Prophet Joseph 
Smith are related in a thrilling and fas- 
cinating book that young people will 
really enjoy. Richly illustrated. 

8. SINCE CUMORAH 

by Dr. Hugh Nibley $4.95 

New evidences that have emerged 
from the Dead Sea Scrolls, to confirm 
the truths contained in the Book of 
Mormon. 

9. YOU AND YOUR CHILD'S 
WORLD 

by Dr. Elliott D. Landau $3.95 

Insight into the problems and behavior 
of your children, based on Dr. Landau's 
brilliant radio talks. 

10. Paperbound edition $2.95 



11. DOCTRINAL COMMENTARY 
ON THE PEARL OF GREAT 
PRICE 

by Dr. Hyrum Andrus $4.95 

Scholarly doctrinal analysis of the 
scriptures of The Pearl of Great Price. 
Essential for all students of the gospel. 



12. THE BOOK OF MORMON 
STORY 

by Mary Pratt Parrish $5.95 

Illustrations by Ronald Crosby 

The exciting drama of Ancient America 
related in skillfully selected stories 
from the Book of Mormon. Magnifi- 
cently illustrated in color. 



13. LET'STALK 

by Dr. Lindsay R. Curtis $2.95 

A medical doctor looks at social, moral, 
and spiritual problems which confront 
us today. He deals forthrightly with 
use of drugs, smoking, glue sniffing, 
alcohol, heart attacks, sexual freedoms 
of the day, food fadism, and many 
other timely subjects. Most important 
reading! 



LD.S. CHURCH BOOKS OF FAITH AND INSPIRATION 



15. HIGHLIGHTS IN THE LIFE OF DAVID 0. McKAY 
By Jeanette McKay Morrell $4.95 

Precious moments from an exemplary life as recorded by a loving 
sister. 

16. CHERISHED EXPERIENCES 

From the Writings of President David 0. IVlcKay $3.00 

compiled by Clare Middlemiss 

Rewarding reading that will inspire the soul with an insight into 
the life of this great leader. 

17. ANCIENT APOSTLES 

by David 0. McKay $2.95 

Inspirational retelling of the lives of the various apostles of 
Jesus's time. 

18. TREASURES OF LIFE 

compiled by Clare Middlemiss $4.95 

The wisdom of David 0. McKay lights up the pages of this book, 
and will be a guide and comfort to many. 

19. HOME MEMORIES OF PRESIDENT DAVID 0. 
McKAY 

compiled by Llewelyn R. McKay $2.95 

A heart-warming and instructive recollection that will encourage 
Latter-day Saints in their duties as parents, and as husband and 
wife, 

20. CONTINUING THE QUEST 

by President Hugh B. Brown $3.95 

The goal of eternal life is not easily attained, but President 
Brown's book testifies to the value of faith and prayerful action 
in pursuing that goal. 

21. TAKE HEED TO YOURSELVES 

by President Joseph Fielding Smith $4.95 

A warning voice that urges the members of the Church to observe 
the laws of the gospel, so that they might enjoy its rewards. 

ANSWERS TO GOSPEL QUESTIONS 

by President Joseph Fielding Smith 

All vols. $2.95 each. 

This series of questions and answers on a wide variety of gospel 
questions will give you great insight into many aspects of the 
gospel not discussed elsewhere. 

22.-V0I 1 / 23.-V0I. 2 / 24.-V0I. 3 / 25.-V0I. 4 / 26.-V0I. 5 

(please quote numbers of all volumes wanted) 

27. WHY THE RELIGIOUS LIFE 

by Mark E. Petersen $3.95 

A convincing argument for conducting your life in accordance 
with God's commands. 

28. OUR MORAL CHALLENGE 

by Mark E. Petersen $2.95 

A forthright discussion of the moral problems faced by LDS teens 
today, and how they can be overcome by positive action. 

29. AS TRANSLATED CORRECTLY 

by Mark E. Petersen $2.50 

A definitive statement of why the King James Version is particu- 
larly cherished by Latter-day Saints. 




MAKE THIS A RECORD CHRISTMAS 




30. THE BOOK OF MORMON in Living Sound 

$49.95 plus $1.50 postage 

The complete scriptural text ot The Book of Mormon is dramati- 
cally portrayed on 36 long-play records. Bring the truths of this 
book of scripture into your home this Christmas in living sound! 

31. PEARL OF GREAT PRICE 

$9.95 plus $.40 postage 

Now you can enjoy the complete Pearl of Great Price on four 
long-play records in a colorful album. 

TABERNACLE CHOIR ALBUMS ARE IDEAL 
CHRISTMAS GIFTS 

All Tabernacle Choir albums, stereo or monaural, are 
$5.78 each, plus.l5 postage if ordering by mail. 

32. THE MORMON TABERNACLE CHOIR SINGS 
CHRISTMAS CAROLS 

15 joyous Christmas carols performed with all the 
beauty of the Tabernacle Choir and Organ. 

33. THE JOY OF CHRISTMAS 

Leonard Bernstein conducts the New York Philharmonic with the 
Tabernacle Choir singing 16 all-time Christmas favorites. 

Newest Choir Album! 

34. OLD BELOVED SONGS 

Here are the old favorites that you will enjoy listening to year after 
year. Includes "Annie Laurie," "I Need Thee Every Hour," 
"Sweet and Low," and many other timeless treasures. 

New This Year! 

35. BEETHOVEN: THE NINTH SYMPHONY 

Eugene Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra join the Taber- 
nacle Choir in a performance of the Ninth, or "Chorale" Sym- 
phony, now complete for the first time on one long-play record. 

36. THE MORMON TABERNACLE CHOIR'S 
GREATEST HITS 

Here are the songs that have made the Tabernacle Choir world- 
famous, including "Battle Hymn of the Republic." 

37. THE LORD IS MY SHEPHERD 

Includes "The Lord Is My Shepherd," "Abide With l\?le, tis Even- 
tide," "God So Loved the World," and 10 other favorites. 

38. GOD BLESS AMERICA 

Includes "God Bless America," "Battle Cry of Freedom," "The 
Battle Hymn of the Republic," and other stirring patriotic songs. 

39. THIS LAND IS YOUR LAND 

Favorite folk songs of the land including "Shenandoah," "Deep 
River," "I Wonder As I Wander," and many others. 

40. A MIGHTY FORTRESS 

Deeply moving spiritual songs, including "How Firm A Founda- 
tion," "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God," and others. 

41. BLESS THIS HOUSE 

Sacred chorus numbers to inspire all, including "The King of 
Glory," with Jessie Evans Smith as soloist, and others. 

42. THE LORD'S PRAYER (No. 1) 

Eleven of the choir's most popular sacred numbers, including 
"The Lord's Prayer," "0 My Father," "How Great the Wisdom 
and the Love," and others. 



BOOKS SAY MERRY CHRISTMAS BEST! 




BOOKS BY RICHARD L EVANS 

Compilations of the very popular radio 
talks given by Elder Evans. These gems 
of insight will illuminate and enrich 
your understanding of man's relation- 
ship to God and to his fellow man. 
Inspirational. 



43. AN OPEN DOOR $3.00 

44. THOUGHTS FOR 

100 DAYS $3.00 

45. FAITH, PEACE AND 
PURPOSE $4.00 



46. FAITH IN THE 
FUTURE 



$3.00 



CHOICE BOOKS FOR CHILDREN 

NEW! 

47. ALBUM OF NORTH 
AMERICAN BIRDS 

by Clark Bronson and Vera Dugdale 

Vividly illustrated. (Not shown here). 
$3.95 plus 20c postage 

48. ALBUM OF NORTH 
AMERICAN ANIMALS 

by Clark Bronson and Vera Dugdale 

Exquisite drawings of wildlife by a 
master artist with matching text. 

$3.95 plus 20c postage 

49. PLEASE TELL ME $2.95 

by Elizabeth and J. Stanley Schoenfeid 

All the answers to those persistent 
questions young people ask about the 
Church. 



50. TEACH ME 

by Dorthea C. Murdock $3.50 

A volume of wonderful things to do 
written for mothers with young children. 

POCKET CHRISTMAS BOOKS 

by John J Stewart $1.25 each 

Joyful and happy tales that capture 
the Christmas message. 

51. FOR GOD SO LOVED THE 
WORLD 

52. THE MIRACLES OF 
CHRISTMAS 

53. THE GIFTS OF CHRISTMAS 




Oe^eret Book 

COMPANY 

44 EAST SO. TEMPLE AND AT COTTONWOOD MALL 

SALT LAKE CITY 

2472 WASHINGTON BLVD., OGDEN 

777 SO. MAIN ST., ORANGE, CALIFORNIA 



ORDER FROM 

DESERET BOOK COMPANY 

44 East South Temple, Salt Lake City, Utah 84110 
Towne & Country, 777 South Main, Orange California 
92669 



Enclosed please find □ check, □ money order, or 

□ please charge my established account, for $ 

for the items whose numbers I have copied from the 
catalog. I have added postage where indicated. 
Residents of Utah ordering from Utah stores please 
add 3V2% sales tax. Residents of California ordering 
from Orange store please add 5% sales tax. 

Name 

Address 

City & State Zip 



Lest We Forget 



I in 



'he custom of giv- 
ing thanks to Deity 
for the blessings of the year is almost 
as old as known history. Three thou- 
sand persons witnessed the Jewish 
Feast of the Tabernacles, complete with 
its rituals, choirs, and festivities at 
the time of the harvest. Thankfulness 
and thanksgiving are recurrent themes 
of the scriptures. 

The ancient Greeks and Romans 
had such a season, too, but it is said 
that they gave thanks for the victorious 
battles over enemies, for contests that 
puffed and flattered their pride, and for 
materia! good fortune. Ancient times 
of thanksgiving were known among 
natives of the South Seas. 

In England thanksgiving was a har- 
vest festival, and the struggling 
colonists of the New World saw the 
hand of Providence in their daily acts. 
Among the early thanksgivings in 
America was one held by the sturdy 
people of Newfoundland in 1578. The 
short-lived Popham colony at the 



so that life-sustaining crops could be 
raised? Earlier that year, as the future 
looked bright, there had been a 
scourge by the crickets and the long- 
to-be-remembered deliverance by the 
sea gulls. 

At last the harvests were in, and a 
harvest feast was held August 10, 1848, 
under the bowery in the center of the 
Old Fort, now Pioneer Park. Everyone 
was invited, and everyone able to be 
there was there! 

In the words of Elder Parley P. 
Pratt: ". . . we partook freely of a rich 
variety of bread, beef, butter, cheese, 
cakes, pastry, green corn, melons, and 
almost every variety of vegetables. 
Large sheaves of wheat, rye, barley, 
oats, and other productions were 
hoisted on poles for public exhibition, 
and there was prayer and thanksgiving, 
congratulations, songs, speeches, mu- 
sic, dancing, smiling faces, and merry 
hearts. In short, it was a great day 
with the people of these valleys, and 
long to be remembered by those who 
had suffered and waited anxiously for 
the results of a first effort to redeem 
the interior deserts of America, and to 



make her hitherto unknown solitudes 
'blossom as the rose.' " (Journal His- 
tory, Aug. 10, 1848, p. 2.) 

As the evening's light disappeared 
into the west and the more vigorous 
saints continued dancing, others visited 
together, recalling similar days at 
Winter Quarters and "back home in 
New England" where many had first 
heard the gospel and, believing, had 
cast their lot with the Church. The 
consensus was probably that this first 
thanksgiving in the valley was "the 
best ever." 

And may each thanksgiving be "the 
best ever" now — as blessings are re- 
counted, determinations renewed, eter- 
nal goals reset, as we "in every thing 
give thanks. . . ." (1 Thess. 5:18.) O 



By Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 
Research Editor 




mouth of Maine's Kennebec River knew 
thanksgiving in 1607, and the Pilgrims 
of Plymouth marked December 20, 
1620, "for safe deliverance from the 
perils of the sea, for the goodly land 
awaiting . . . , and for the birth of a 
son to one Susannah White, December 
19." Governor Bradford in 1621 called 
what is usually regarded as the first 
thanksgiving in the United States. 

The year 1848 — ^the first complete 
year in the Salt Lake Valley — was a 
year of work, testing, and contempla- 
tion for the saints. Would God answer 
their prayers, tempering the elements 




November 1967 



21 



Wrap up jour 

sHoppmg ew6/^ 




1. THE QUEST FOR EXCELLENCE 
by Sterling W. Sill 

A new and stimulating collection of short stories 
and essays especially selected by Brother Sill to 
build character and leadership. $3.75 

2. AN OPEN DOOR 
by Richard L. Evans 

Inspiring reading that leads the reader through 
the spiritual doorways that make up our day-to- 
day life. $3.00 

3. FANTASTIC VICTORY, Israel's Rendezvous 
with Destiny 

by W. Cleon Skousen 

A penetrating account of Israel's recent miracle 
war including a sweeping history of the Jews 
from 1,000 B.C. to the present. 

Special 2 for 1 offer includes a regular $2.95 
copy of Cleon Skousen's national best seller, 
"The Naked Communist." 

Package Offer $3.75 

4. CHRISTMAS READINGS FOR THE 
LDS FAMILY 

by George Bickerstaff 

Heart-warming stories m the true Christmas spirit, 
carefully selected for reading and listening 
pleasure. Will genuinely appeal to the entire 
family. $1.50 

5. THE LIFE OF HEBER C. KIMBALL 
by Orson F. Whitney 

The powerful and inspiring biography of one of 
the greatest men the Church has produced. Now 
in its third printing by popular demand. $4.00 

6. THE VALLEY OF TOMORROW 
by Gordon Allred 

An exciting story of profound spiritual experi- 
ence is brought to life in this best-selling LDS 
novel. Excellent reading for teenagers. $3.50 

7. YOU, TOO, REMEMBER 
by Albert L. Zobell 

Poems, quotes and anecdotes on a wide range 
of subjects. Excellent material to add interest 
to Church talks and lessons. Indexed for quick 
reference. $1.25 

8. MISSIONARY HELPS 
by Robert W. Daynes 

An interesting and instructive text to help both 
new and experienced missionaries improve their 
performance in the mission field. $1.00 

9. HIS MANY MANSIONS 
by Rulon S. Howells 

A fact-filled doctrinal comparison of the many 
churches in Christendom. This exceptionally use- 
ful reference has been revised with new and 
pertinent information. $2.95 



10. TRUE TO THE FAITH 
by David 0. McKay 

The sermons and writings of President David 0. 
McKay. Inspired spiritual counsel from the pen 
of a prophet. A welcome addition to every LDS 
library. $3.95 

11. THE LONG ROAD, 

From Vermont to Carthage 

by S. Dilworth Young 

The eloquent verse of Brother Young captures 
all of the excitement and meaning of the oft- 
told story of the Prophet Joseph Smith." Absorb- 
ing reading. $2.50 

12. THE TEN MOST WANTED MEN 
by Paul Dunn 

An instructive look at the ten most desirable 
traits of leadership. Aptly illustrated with stir- 
ring examples of these qualities in everyday life. 

$3.95 

13. INSPIRATIONAL VERSE FOR 
LATTER-DAY SAINTS, Vol. II 

by Calvin T. Broadhead 

A carefully compiled collection of poetry and 
verse appropriate for Church talks and lessons. 
Hundreds of poems indexed by subject for easy 
reference. Volume II $2.50 

14. Also available, Volume I $2.50 

15. ANSWERS TO BOOK OF MORMON 
QUESTIONS 

(Formerly "Problems of the Book of Mormon") 
by Sidney C. Sparry 

One of the most complete references on the 
Book of Mormon. Completely revised and en- 
larged with stimulating new material. $3.50 

16. THOUGHTS FOR AN LDS MOTHER 
by Elizabeth Schoenfeld 

Thoughts, verse and ideas especially compiled 
for LDS mothers. Interesting and inspiring read- 
ing gathered from some of our finest literature. 

17. FAITH OF A SCIENTIST 5175 
by Henry Eyring 

Dramatic proof that true religion and true science 
can and do function in complete harmony. Fasci- 
nating reading. $3.00 

18. ACCORDING TO YOUR FAITH 
by Emma Marr Petersen 

An exciting and inspiring LDS novel based on 
Christian ideals and morality. Interesting and 
rewarding reading for all Latter-day Saint teen- 
agers. $2.25 

19. MISSOURI PERSECUTIONS 
by B. H. Roberts 

The courageous story of Mormon suffering in 
Missouri. A moving portrayal of mob outrage 
met by quiet heroism and noble sacrifice for 
truth. $3.50 



20. MORMON DOCTRINE 
by Bruce R. McConkie 

A summary of all of the fundamental doctrines 
of the gospel in brief outline form. Ideal for 
personal study, priesthood classes, gospel study 
and missionary work. $6.95 

21. LIFE EVERLASTING 
by Duane S. Crowther 

A comprehensive look at the estate of man. Sub- 
jets discussed include the spirit world, life after 
death, and documented experiences of reliable 
individuals with spirit beings. $4.50 

22. THE CONSTITUTION BY A THREAD 
by Richard Vetterii 

A book of great dedication that speaks out con- 
vincingly in support of the spiritual and moral 
principles upon which our American Republic 
was founded. $4.75 

23. THE FOURTH THOUSAND YEARS 
by W. Cleon Skousen 

The dramatic sweep of Biblical events from the 
time of David to Christ. Nearly 900 pages of 
meaningful and memorable reading. An excel- 
lent reference for teaching and study. $6.95 

24. THE CHURCH AND THE NEGRO 
by John Lund 

Pertinent questions on the status of the Negro 
in the LDS Church are answered in a direct, 
concise manner. Includes comments from Church 
leaders and Negroes who are Latter-day Saints. 

$2.50 

25. A PROMISED LAND FOR A PROMISED 
PEOPLE 

by Dean R. Zimmerman 
A timely and interesting commentary on Israel 
relating current events in the Middle East to 
modern prophecy. Fascinating reading just off- 
the press. $1.00 

26. HIS SERVANTS 5PEAK 
by R. Wayne Shute 

This outstanding collection of excerpts from 
BYU devotional services quotes all of the Gen- 
eral Authorities on a wide range of moral and 
spiritual subjects. $2.50 




Turn page for more gift ideas. - ■ pi' 




Tfiouaf^liCjfis i£at express tfic 
true rmanm of C/irtsimas. 

27. GOLDEN NUGGETS OF THOUGHT, Vol. I 40. FASCINATING WOMANHOOD 61. PROPHECY, KEY TO THE FUTURE 

28. GOLDEN NUGGETS OF THOUGHT, VoL II by Helen B. Andelin $4.95 by Duane Crowther $3.95 

29. GOLDEN NUGGETS OF THOUGHT, Vol. Ill 41. BIGGER THAN YOURSELF 62 FAITH WORKS 

30. GOLDEN NUGGETS OF THOUGHT, VoL IV by Wendell J. Ashton $3.25 by Mark E. Petersen $3.50 
by Ezra Marler ^ COMPREHENSIVE HISTORY OF THE 

A wide range of brief but meaningful thoughts, CHURCH, six volumes pictc rno 1 nc tccmapcdc 

compiled into four volumes that you will use by B. H. Roberts To order, specify: ulMo rUK LU5 I ttrJAbtno 

again and again. A wonderful source of inspira- „ ' -- ,r , w..-«n .^. ..» -^.-^.^ 

tion for talks and lessons. $1.25 each 42. Volume I, 43. Volume II, 44. Volume III, 63. IF I WERE IN MY TEENS 

31 STORY WISDOM ^^' ^"'"""^ '^' ^^" ^"'"""^ ^' ^^' ^"'"""^ ^' """^""^ "'^ Improvement Era $2.00 

32. TALK CAPSULES 54.50 each 64. IF I WERE YOU 

33. THOUGHTS FOR TALKS 48. THE ABUNDANT LIFE Presiding Bishop's Office $2.25 
by Albert L Zobell "y ""Sli ». Brown $3.95 ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ETERNITY 

Three different books that offer a wealth of excel- 49. FAMILY STORAGE PLAN by Mark E. Petersen $2.00 

lent material to help you add interest to Church '' by Bob R. Zabriskle $1.50 

talks and lessons. $1.25 each 66. YOUNG BRIGHAM YOUNG 

J°J"I^.''"*cI^'''°^^"'^^ coc by S. Dilworth Young $2.00 

34. GOD PLANTED A TREE by W. Cleon Skousen $3.95 

35. LETTER TO MY DAUGHTER 51. jHE THIRD THOUSAND YEARS "" '^"'^f ^^^ THEIR TIMES 

36. LETTER TO MY SON by W. Cieon Skousen $5.95 From the Improvement Era $1.95 

by Ora Pate Stewart 52. HOW TO PRAY AND STAY AWAKE 68. WHAT SHALL WE DO WITH LOVE 

Perennial best sellers from the pen of a widely by Max Skousen $1.75 by Ernest Eberhard, Jr. $3.25 
read author. $1.25 each 
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 53. JUST TO ILLUSTRATE 

lni\jv T^OOT^Q I by '■^•^^^"^ R''^''^^'''^ 53.25 GIFT BOOKS FOR CHILDREN 

i n^i J- 1 • r^'i.t LDS REFERENCE ENCYCLOPEDIA, 69. BOOK OF MORMON STORIES FOR 

I 1 he Enduring Gift | by Melvm R. Brooks YOUNG LATTER-DAY SAINTS 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 54. Volume I $5.00 by Emma Marr Petersen $3.25 

38. GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH ESSENTIALS "■»"'"'"«" *'':»' 70. BIBLE STORIES FOR YOUNG 
by Norman E. Wright and David H. Pratt MESSAGES OF THE FIRST PRESIDENCY, LATTER-DAY SAINTS 

A concise, fact-filled reference covering all by James R. Clark by Emma Marr Petersen $3.25 

facets of genealogy compiled by two of the most cp w ■ 1 n m ,. 

respected authorities in the field. Includes many ^6. Volume I $4.50 71. STORIES OF THE BIBLE FOR LDS 

examples, photos and charts. $3.50 57. Volume II $4.50 CHILDREN 

39. MELVIN J. BALLARD - Crusader for 58. Volume III $4.50 by Jane Lund $2.50 

Righteousness _.,,„, 59. ARE YOU MORMONS IGNORAMUSES? 72. STORIES OF JESUS FOR LDS CHILDREN 

A stalwart of Mormonism, Melvm J. Ballard by Stephen G. Morgan $395 by Jane Lund $2.25 
gained stature as a speaker, missionary and 

accomplished singer. This outstanding biography 60. PATHWAYS TO HAPPINESS 73. THE STORY OF LIFE FOR LDS CHILDREN 

also includes many of his inspiring sermons. by David 0. McKay $3.95 by Jane Lund and Nancy Menlove $2.50 

$3.50 

B00KCRAFl"TTf6 South Main Street Salt Lake City, Jlan^^^^^^^P£P gy MAIL OR FROM 

I have enclosed check or money order in the amount of $ Please send vnilR KIPADRY I nC RnnifCTHRr 

in time for Christmas giving the following circled book(s): (Residents of utah add av^x sales tax.) YUUK NtAKbT LUo DUUIVolUKt 

] \ 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 
31 32 33 34 35 36 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 
61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 

Name 

Address '. 

City, State, Zip 




^f- 



,0' 



; ^'''' 'CJc^^ 






tc 



tvai 



dv^ 



,'^-- 



'\ 



\ 



iV^^ 



f 



^/^ Prophet 

A new and vital record album for every L,D.S. 
family, in honor of President David O. McKay 
on his birthday. Hear the Prophet's voice in 
these latter days, with words of inspiration on 
the Home, the Individual, Spirituality, 
Liberty, Marriage, the Restored Gospel and 
many other topics. 

Order your album for $3.95 postpaid directly 
from Division of Communication Services, 
Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, 
84601. Also available through many local 
L.D.S. book dealers. 



Best of Movies 

By Howard Pearson 



26 



• Ivan Tors, who is being char- 
acterized in the movie and tele- 
vision industry as the successor to 
Walt Disney in production of 
family movies, presents a delightful 
film in Gentle Giant. 

This has outdoor excitement, 
warmth, humor, and other human 
values that should appeal to every 
member of the family. 

By now, the television series 
that was patterned after ii— Gentle 
Ben— has been seen in millions of 
homes. In fact, the film actually 
was the pilot on which the TV 
series was sold. 

Gentle Giant tells the story of a 
seven-year-old boy who, while 
playing in a forest preserve, sees 
poachers kill a mother bear and 
kidnap the animal's cub. The boy 
sees where the poachers take the 
cub; he watches it grow into a giant 
adult animal that is mistreated by 
the poachers. Feeling sorry for the 
bear, the boy wants his parents to 
buy it from the poachers. 

After obtaining the animal, the 
boy runs into a series of mis- 
adventures. His father also obtains 
a job as a game warden in Florida's 
wilderness area. The bear, mean- 
while, has been released in the 
Everglades, but the boy is eventu- 
ally reunited with his pet. 

Little Clinton Howard is the boy 
in Gentle Giant, as is he also in the 
TV series. Dennis Weaver, whose 
father image is one of the nicest 
in the entertainment industry be- 
cause he has been such a good 
example in Hollywood life, is the 
father. Vera Miles is the mother 



Improvement Era 




Conoco dealers get solid support in 
the high-profit TBA area. It begins 
with products engineered to have a 
built-in competitive edge— making 
the selling job easier. 

Example: Conoco's heavy duty 
and extra-heavy duty batteries carry 
a full 3-year guarantee. First-year 
replacement is free. The charge for 
replacement during the next two 
years is on a pro rata basis, covering 
only the months battery was in serv- 
ice. It's a persuasive sales point. 



And it's typical of the down-the- 
line backing our dealers enjoy. Valu- 
able technical and management 
counsel is theirs for the asking, 
along with employee training, pro- 
motional and merchandising help, 
TBA programs, financing, premi- 
ums, and good will-building Tour- 
aide travel service. Not to mention, 
of course, a full product line famous 
for Its quality. 

Conoco dealers get something 
else— an excitement-generating. 



traffic-building assist from the hot- 
test advertising idea in the business. 
The Hottest Brand Going is now in 
orbit, flashing through the skies on 
TV, billboards, newspaper, radio, 
direct mall, point-of-purchase. This 
dramatic space-age concept is pro- 
moted by one of the biggest ad 
budgets in Conoco history. 

A forward-looking businessman 
would get his service station In orbit 
right along with the Hot One. Sound 
like anyone you know? 



Ride the Hot One 
CONOCO... 

Hottest Brand Going 




1967 Continental Oil Company 



November 1967 



27 



the soun6 way 
of leApninq 



Everyone learns more, faster by 
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28 



in the movie, but she isn't in the 
TV series. 

Other films that should appeal 
to all members of families include 
Walt Disney's The Happiest Mil- 
lionaire, starring Fred MacMurray, 
Greer Garson, and Tommy Steele; 
Thoroughly Modern Millie, which 
has met with favorable response 
from a majority of audiences, who 



are delighted with Julie Andrews, 
Carol Channing, and Mary Tyler 
Moore, as well as the songs; 
Palaces of a Queen, a documentary 
on the royal residences of Eliza- 
beth II and the masterpieces of art 
contained in many of them; Walt 
Disney's The Gnome-Mobile, a de- 
lightful fantasy about gnomes and 
the California redwoods; The Perils 



Richard L. Evans 

The Spoken Word 



Up Days and Down Days 



The moods of people, the degrees of encouragement and discourage- 
ment, are all cause for concern. All of us have high and low points 
in life; and knowing this, we should not become too discouraged 
merely because we are discouraged. "One who expects completely to 
escape low moods is asking the impossible . . . ," said Dr. Fosdick. 
"Like the weather, [life] is essentially variable . . . [and] a healthy 
person believes in the validity of his high hours even when he is having 
a low one."^ In all this up and down, there is something of the inner 
man, something beyond what one can see on the surface. There was 
never any significant accomplishment of any kind that did not come with 
overcoming, nor has anyone ever found a way to live an always level, 
even life. The up days and the down days, the happiness, the heart- 
aches, and even the deep depressions are all part of the changing 
pattern. And if we permit circumstances, difficulties, or moods to 
conquer us, we can't be happy, because we feel defeated. And so, 
what is called for is faith, courage, confidence— the confidence that 
comes with a sense of rightness within. Rightness of conduct gives 
confidence. Sincere prayerfulness gives confidence. Useful work gives 
confidence. Honest relationships with others give confidence— not hav- 
ing to explain, not having to avoid, being fair in facing facts, with faith 
in a divine plan and pattern and a willingness to find it and fit into it. 
"Do not avoid, but seek the great, deep, simple things of faith," said 
Phillips Brooks. "In all your personal life, ... it is more thoroughness 
and depth that you need in order to get . . . peace. . . . You must be 
thankful that life is great and not little"-— with assurance that even on the 
most depressed and disappointing days you can find the light that will 
lead you out again from the low points of life, and remembering that 
all of us have our difficult days. To cite a previously quoted source: 
"While each of us, therefore, has depressed hours, none of us needs 
to be a depressed person."^ 

^HaiTy Emerson Fosdick, On Being a Real Person: Mastering Depression (Harper & Bros., 1943). 
'Phillips Brooks, The Light of the Worhl and Other Sermons: The Seriousness of Life (E. P. 
Dutton & Co., 1890). 

*"The Spoken Word" from Temple Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia 
Broadcasting System September 10, 1967. Copyright 1967. 



Improvement Era 



of Pauline, based on oldtime melo- 
drama situations; Tammy and the 
Millionaire, telling the further ad- 
ventures of the delightful teen- 
ager; and To Sir, With Love, 
featuring Sidney Poitier as a 
schoolteacher among underprivi- 
leged young people of London. 

The motion picture scene also 
features several movies that are 
suitable for most members of the 
family, but probably would bore 
very young audiences because of 
the subject matter. Among these 
are The Taming of the Shrew, a 
superb and shortened version of the 
Shakespeare comedy, which pre- 
serves the robust atmosphere of 
the comedy and is presented 
against the background of colorful 
settings and excellent photography; 
In The Heat of the 'Night, which 
probably will be nominated for an 
Academy Award and deals with 
current social conditions in a most 
gratifying manner; and Romeo and 
Juliet, a ballet feature presenting 
the Royal Ballet of London. 

One film that we reviewed in a 
recent issue of the Era deserves 
further mention. It is The Young 
Americans, the heartwarming story 
of the selection, training, and 
travels of the group of singers who 
have appeared in many parts of the 
country. 

This is a family film that features 
a story with simplicity, inspiration, 
wide appeal, and wholesomeness. 
In addition to its general good 
quality, it features as one of the 
principals Gordon Harkness, who 
was a member of the first Young 
Americans group and who is now 
serving on a mission in London. 
Elder Harkness is from Van Nuys, 
Calif. Other young people shown 
in the film seem to be equally 
representative of the best in youth 
today. O 

Motion pictures reviewed on thiis page are 
neitiier approved nor recommended by the 
Church or the Era. They are, however, in 
the judgment of the reviewer, among the 
least objectionable of the current films. 



November 1967 



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30 



Put Heart in 
Your"Hel lo" 



By Val Camenish Wilcox 



• A certain lady remains in my 
mind as the supreme welcomer of 
newcomers. I met her only once, 
but I have thought of her often 
through the years, especially when 
I am in a situation with a new- 
comer. 

For instance, when a visitor at- 
tends our Relief Society meeting 
and I know I must rush right home 
to rescue the casserole from the 
oven, I try to remember her. When 
my son brings home a timid friend 
for the first time just as I am dash- 
ing off to an appointment, I try to 
remember her. When a new family 
is being introduced into the ward 
at sacrament meeting, I try to 
remember her. I don't recall her 
name. Her face has long since 
faded in my memory. But what she 
did for me I shall always remem- 
ber. 

It was many years ago that my 
husband and I, with our infant son, 
moved into a small southern Ne- 
vada community. Since my hus- 
band was the new schoolteacher, 
we felt sure that everyone knew 
who we were. It would just be a 



matter of time before we would get 
to know them, too. My husband 
was full of enthusiasm for the pre- 
dominantly Latter-day Saint town. 
Though I was equally enthusiastic, 
I was still suffering some insecuri- 
ties accompanying my new mother- 
hood, and so I had a few anxieties 
about a whole new life full of 
strangers. 

We arrived in midweek, but I 
felt I shouldn't wait until Sunday 
to "brave the lions." So I dressed 
our baby son in his finest, put him 
into a stroller, and started down the 
main and almost only street toward 
the post office. Surely this was a 
logical place to run into some new 
friends. 

The postmistress was gracious, 
but busy. The few other persons I 
saw on the street nodded pleasantly 
enough, but, except for one, had no 
time even to introduce themselves. 
"Oh, well, I'll be meeting them at 
church on Sunday," I consoled 
myself. However, my need to be 
welcomed had not been satisfied at 
all. As I walked along I rationahzed 
to myself. After all, no one had 



Improvement Era 



Her large, warm hands 
did much more than 
shake my hands; 
they engulfed 
them. 



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A Honey-Golden Land 

By Frances Hall 

On the other side of sorrow 
Lies a honey-golden land, 
With heads of clover nodding 
While the tall trees stand 
Ringed in a strong maternal peace, 
With hand in leafy hand. 

On the other side of sorrow 
The world grows kind and small. 
Its streams are bright with wel- 
come, 
And its brown birds call 
From berry-laden hedges 
Their convocational. 

Always the woods of sorrow 
Have a path that tunnels round. 
Past the boles of black trees mouth- 
ing 
To the meadow's tranquil ground. 
Past the thorny branches reaching 
To the skylark's upward sound. 

Somewhere in leaf-dimmed sun- 
light 
That gentle path is found. 

Reverie 

By Solveig Paulson Russell 

/ dream of home, where far away 
I learned to work and love and 

pray. 
My dreams are patchwork dreams- 
Gay bits or patterned ones with 

sober seams 
Or brightly stitched with tender 

mirth. 
Embroidered with the hearthstone 

threads 
That gave me birth. 
My patchwork dreams can comfort 

me 
And somehow help recovery 
If I falter— and always when 
I judge and far in the world of 

men. 
Then values that my mother knew 
In memory come clearly through 
The bits of dreams; and for me 

then 
My course is righted, and it seems 
I find a beacon in my dreams. 



been unkind, and what did I expect 
anyway? 

But despite my usual level head, 
my heart ached as I made my way 
back up the street to our bleak 
basement apartment. The day was 
bright enough under the Nevada 
sun, but my spirit withered in its 



unfamiliar glare. Defiantly, I felt 
I had done my best to be friendly. 
Now it was up to them— the whole 
town. 

"Hello there!" I heard the heart- 
felt greeting wonderingly. Looking 
up, I saw a tall, angular woman 
striding toward me. Her large 



* 

Richard L. Evans 

The Spoken Word 



for I have done good work' 



We may sometimes suppose that other people's work is altogether 
easier than ours. Or we may sometimes suppose that some 
occupations, some assignments are always glamorous and exciting 
or freer from problems than they are. But of this we may be sure: There 
is no man whose profession or occupation is free from problems, and 
there is no solid pursuit which does not require preparation, and no 
position which doesn't have within it tedious routine and repetition at 
times. "There are dirty jobs, dull jobs, devastating jobs," said Channing 
Pollock, "but I think there can be few, even of these, that do not give 
some return outside of the pay-envelope. . . . The unhappiest people I 
know," he continued, "are the idle people. I've seen them all over 
the world, . . . fighting boredom, . . . chasing sunshine. ... I never can 
understand why so many of us are actually afraid of work. . . . Nobody 
ever did anything well, or got anywhere, without joy in his job. ... It 
seems to me sometimes that [our] greatest contribution to life [is] 
our conception of labor as something dignified and desirable for every- 
one. . . . We can have neither progress nor prosperity, neither opportunity 
nor democracy, while any considerable number of us regard work as an 
enemy."^ Life was made for doing, for learning, for action, for activity, 
for being a productive, creative, participating part. The body, the 
muscles, the mind, were made to use and not to stagnate or waste away 
with a minimum of output or activity. Leisure is not the ultimate end or 
the ideal. And there is no person who receives full satisfaction from his 
work who always feels that he is doing someone else a favor, when, in 
fact, the opportunity of work is essential to life's satisfaction— and even 
salvation in the fullest sense. "I know what happiness is," said Robert 
Louis Stevenson, "for I have done good work."- 

iChanning Pollock, The Adventures of a Happy Man: Work Is Its Own Reward. Published by 

ThoniFs Y. Ciowell Co., 1939. 

^Robert Louis Stevenson, quoted by Channing Pollock, ibid. 

*"The Spoken Word" from Temple Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia 
Broadcasting System September 3, 1967. Copyright 1967. 



32 



Improvement Era 



warm hands did much more than 
shake my hands; they enfolded 
them. We continued up the 
street, talking eagerly. It was as 
though we were meeting again 
after a long separation. Too soon 
we were at my door. Here was one 
person I wanted to remember, so I 
asked, "May I know your name 
again? You've been so kind." 

"I'm Mrs , wife of 

Reverend , and it is 

you who have been kind. You see, 
this is my first morning in town, 
and I have found that most people 
are too busy to do more than nod. 
Thank you for taking time to say 
more than just, 'How do you do.' 
Since meeting you, I really feel 
much more welcome here." 

How we laughed when I told 
her that it was also my first morn- 
ing in town. There we were, 
probably the only two strangers in 
the whole place, and we had 
found each other and met each 
other's needs. 

The reverend's church did not 
prosper, and shortly afterward 
they moved away. In fairness to 
the townspeople, I must say that 
as we met in the normal course of 
events, their welcome was warm 
and genuine. Looking back, in my 
youthfulness and eagerness it was 
probably I who expected— perhaps 
needed— their welcome to be effu- 
sive as well. 

Recalling all this, how well I 
know that newcomers need wel- 
coming. Now, whenever I see a 
hesitant smile, a small overture of 
friendship, I meet it gladly. And 
whenever I find myself in the role 
of newcomer, I don't wait for others 
to make the first move. I am the 
one who approaches a prospective 
friend with outstretched hand and 
willing smile. People usually rise to 
the enthusiasm of others, I've dis- 
covered. I have made some wonder- 
ful friends much sooner by taking 
the lead as the reverend's wife once 
did with me, bless her. o 



November 1967 



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does 
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ike? 



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its 100% Bigelow Approved con- 
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33 



AHENTION, 




CHOIR 




CONDUCTORS! 




Suggested LDS Choir Anthems 


Abide With IVle, 'Tis Eventide 


Gates 


M 


All Glory, Laud and Honor 


Schreiner 


M 


All in tlie April Evening 


Robertson 


M 


America tlie Beautiful 


As per 


M 


Awake! Arise! 


Stickles 


E 


Beautiful Zion for Me 


Daynes 


E 


Bless Ye the Lord 


Ivanoff 


E 


Brother James Air 


Jacob 


M 


Come, Come Ye Saints 


Robertson 


D 


Come, Come Ye Saints 


Cornwall 


M 


For the Beauty of the Earth 


Davis 


M 


Glory to God 


Kessel 


M 


God is Holy 


Eberlein 


M 


God So Loved the World 


Stainer 


E 


Gospel Gives Unbounded 
Strength, The 


Schreiner 


E 


Gospel Is Truly the Power 
of God 


Schreiner 


M 


He Watching Over Israel 


Mendelssohn 


M 


Here in This House 


Howorth 


M 


Holy City 


Arnold 


MD 


How Beautiful Upon the 
Mountains 


Harker 


MD 


I Shall Not Pass Again 
This Way 


Ef finger 


E 


If Ye Love Me, Keep My 
Commandments 


Carlbon 


M 


In My Father's House 


MacDermid 


M 


Jerusalem, Turn Thee 


Gounod 


M 


Jesus, Name of Wondrous Love 


Titcomb 


M 


King of Love My Shepherd Is 


Shelley 


D 


Let Not Your Heart Be 
Troubled 


Foster 


M 


Let Us Oft Speak Kind Words 


Gates 


E 


Lo, My Shepherd Is Divine 


Haydn 


MD 


Lo, What a Beauteous Rose 


Praetorius 


M 


Lord Bless You and Keep You 


Lutkin 


E 


Lord Is a Mighty God, The 


Mendelssohn 


M 


Lord Hear Our Prayer 


Verdi 


MD 


Lord Is My Shepherd, The 


Richards 


M 


Lord's Prayer 


Gates 


M 


Lord's Prayer 


Robertson 


MD 


May IMow Thy Spirit 


Trehorne 


M 


My Redeemer Lives 


Gates 


M 


Now Let the Heavens Be 
Joyful 


Chambers 


M 


Now Thank We All Our God 


Holler 


E 


Now Thank W? All Our God 


Bach 


M 


Brother Man 


Robertson 


M 


Cast Thy Burden Upon 
the Lord 


Aulbach 


E 


Come, Let Us Worship 


Mendelssohn 


M 


God, Our Help in Ages 
Past 


Cornwall 


M 


Lofty Mountains 


Cannon 


M 


Loving Savior, Slain for Us 


Auber 


M 


Worship the King 


Cornwall 


M 


Onward Ye People 


Sibelius 


M 


Open Our Eyes 


Macfarlane 


D 


Open the Gates 


Jenkins 


M 


Poor Wayfaring Man of Grief 


Durham 


M 


Son of Man 


Robertson 


M 


Spirit of God 


Neidlinger 


M 


Still, Still With Thee 


Shelley 


M 


Thanks to Thee, Lord 


Handel 


M 


That Blessed Easter Morn 


Caldwell 


E 


Verdant Meadows 


Handel 


M 


We Are Watchmen 


Schreiner 


MD 


With a Voice of Singing 


Shaw 


M 


The Letters E, M, MD and 
medium, medium difficult, 


D indicate easy, 
and difficult. 


Average Price is 25c to 30c 




Ora Pate Stewart's Wj 


^aM/n 


T 


"To a Child" ^ 


YKiMJUli i 


• 


Solo or Trio ^^ 


Music Co 


\ 


50c each 

IDAHC 


p. 0. Box 2009 
FALLS, IDAHO 83401 



34 



Happiness 

By Elaine V. Emans 



Happiness is a kind of thanksgiving, 

Whether a word forms 

On the lips or in the heart in gratefulness. 

Happiness warms 

The being until it knows it has been blessed. 

Whether it analyzes 

The coming of it, or the reason why. 

Happiness surprises 

The one in need of it and the one expecting 

Recurring good, 

Until the realizing of it merges 

With gratitude. 



* 

Richard L Evans 

The Spoken Word 



find a way, or make one" 



A hundred times every day," said Albert Einstein, "I remind myself 
ZJa that my inner and outer hfe depend on the labors of other men, 
/ % living and dead, and that I must exert myself in order to give in 
the measure as I have received, and am still receiving."^ Along with 
dependence on Divine Providence, it is true and humbling that all of us 
are dependent upon other people— upon the pioneers, the explorers, 
the discoverers, the patriots of the past; upon the inventors and developers 
and investors; upon the products that others have produced; upon the 
skills and services and faithfulness and integrity of untold people who 
have made possible our past and present. Someone has to do everything: 
someone has to learn, to work, to save; to do research, to plan, to risk, 
to believe; to develop, to produce; to increase competence; to remain 
solvent, to perform profitably. We owe much to many, and there is 
infinitely much yet to be done everywhere in the world, and any attitude 
that overly emphasizes ease or idleness is shortsighted and unsafe. We 
need a sense of history, a re-examination of purposes and principles: 
of why we have what we have, with respect and gratitude to those who 
gave us what we have, and the good grace to pass it on, improved upon 
if possible, remembering that there is no sweeping, easy solution to 
anything, ever. When Admiral Peary was disabled with the agony of 
frozen feet, which threatened to defeat his heroic effort to reach the 
North Pole, he wrote on the wall of his miserable shelter, "I shall find a 
way or make one."- Earlier he had said: "I shall put into this effort 
everything there is in me— physical, mental, and moral."^ This is the 
spirit of those who have made history. We have come by the trial and 
error and anguish and effort of others, and just waiting for history to 
happen is not enough. As did our forebears, we must help it to happen, 
for the right principles, for the right purposes, and "find" a way— or 
make one. 

^Albert Einstein. Copyright 1966 by PostScript. 

2Rear Admiral Robert E. Peary, quoted in Beyond Adventure: The Lives of Three Explorers, 

by Roy Chapman Andrews. 

*"The Spoken Word" from Temple Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia 
Broadcasting System July 23, 1967. Copyright 1967. 



improvement Era 





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November 1967 35 




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April 67 Era 



Buffs 

and 

Rebuffs 



Camp Oakcrest 

Someone goofed! As I read the 
article in the May "Era of Youth" 
titled "Crestwood Camp," and as I 
looked at the pictures, I noticed that 
this was the very same camp that I 
went to this summer. The name is 
Camp Oakcrest. Also, the authors 
didn't mention the wonderful job that 
the counselors do. Without them, the 
camp would be a total failure. 

Denise Deleeuw 
Sandy, Utah 

President McKay's Editorial 

President McKay's editorial in the 
August issue was just wonderful. I 
would hope that it could be brought 
to the attention of all who are facing 
problems in their marriages. 

Josephine S. Patterson 
Salt Lake City, Utah 

Hezekiah's Tunnel 

I was fascinated with the article 
"Hezekiah's Tunnel" (August). The 
detailed descriptions, biblical refer- 
ences, and beautiful photographs 
really made the past come alive. 

Virginia Maughan Kammeyer 
Seattle, Washington 

Helpful to Librarians 

May I express my enthusiasm for 
the new format that began with the 
January issue. For those of us who, 
as ward and stake librarians, prepare 
and maintain reference clipping files, 
our job is much easier with the new 
format. The mark that indicates the 
end of the article is extremely 
helpful. 




36 



Alta N. Hunt 
Chicago, Illinois 

Authors Write 

Concerning your purchase of some of 
my poetry for future use in the Era, 
I want you to know that I have been 
very happy, and have felt a con- 
siderable pride, in having my work 
appear in such an excellent and at- 
tractive magazine. I have been for- 
tunate to have many poems, stories, 
and articles published in a great 
variety of magazines, but I can truly 
say that the Era is my favorite and 
to my mind excels all others. You 
might consider this tribute even more 
when I tell you that I am not a mem- 
ber of your church, although I admire 
it and its rules of conduct. So did my 
late husband. He used to say if he 
had not been born a "good Scotch 
Presbyterian," he would have been a 
Mormon — and I agreed! 

Mrs. Angus Robertson 
Mineral Wells, Texas 



Improvement Era 



Thank you for the beautiful layout 
given my allegorical story, "The 
Pearl" (June). I especially would 
like to express my gratitude to the 
artist. It is a distinct privilege for a 
writer to have his work find a setting 
in the Era. I don't know of anything 
that could mean more to me. 

It was especially wonderful to have 
it in the June issue. For a dozen 
years, June meant a conference trek 
to me and being close to a "holy fire." 
Conference is special to all of us 
away from Salt Lake City. Those of 
us who enjoy the printed word have 
welcomed with delight the progres- 
sive format of the Era and all you 
have done to make it a magazine to 
be proud of. I am very humble to 
think I was a part of it for one issue. 

Alma Deane Feller 
Pinole, California 



Thanks so much for the beautiful art 
work for my little piece, "A Song In 
the Night" (July). I'm afraid I do 
not look so cool and fresh when I go 
out into my hot garden these summer 
nights. Sometimes a tiny piece will 
bring to the author more joy than a 
much longer and more ambitious 
work, and I am glad that this piece 
has a happy home with you. The 
neighbor that I wrote about died 
about a year ago. 

Ruth Ikerman 
Mentone, California 

Entire Era Is for Youth! 

I've noted the recent format changes 
of the Era, and for the most part I've 
enjoyed them. However, I wonder 
about the wisdom of having the Era 
of Youth in the center of the maga- 
zine so the teenage readers can easily 
pull it out. I think we should encour- 
age our young people to read the 
entire magazine, not just that section. 
Each issue has many thought-provok- 
ing and challenging articles that 
should have as much appeal for them 
as for adult readers. 

Mrs. M. L. Morgan 
Denver, Colorado 

From the Mission Field 

I have appreciated the Era's service 
here in the Argentine Mission. Our 
contacts and members have grown in 
their gospel knowledge through arti- 
cles we have shared with them. Many 
issues have been left with English- 
speaking contacts; their attitudes to- 
ward the Church have changed, and 
their desire to know more has in- 
creased. The message from the 
Prophet always gives us the oppor- 
tunity to tell people that God lives 
and directs his Church through living 
men. We often challenge people to 
read his words and to put them into 
practice. God is truly putting his 
hand over the nations of South 
America. 

Sister Pat Holladay 
Argentine Mission 



November 1967 



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38 



Prayer 
By Cynthia M. Trunneil 



Oh, God, I pray thee humbly from my heart's 
Deep pain that thou wilt hear me at this hour. 
Hear me and heal me with thy holy arts. 
Oh, help me now, for only thou hast power 
To free a soul whose twisted roots are wound. 
Deep in earth's clay, around some stubborn rock 
Lodged firmly where the light is never found. 
I cannot learn, alone, to loose, unlock 
That many-fingered hold that keeps me low 
When I would reach to clasp thy loving hand 
Or move across the meadow, where, I know, 
Another soul has need of strength to stand. 
Teach me, Oh, God, therefore, that I may free 
Myself, to lend him strength, and come to thee. 



* 

Richard L. Evans 

The Spoken Word 



Running Fronn— not To 



A sentence heard somewhere portrays a restless young person as saying, 
^-A'l am running from, not to." Too many, it seems, are running from, 
/ »who don't really seem to know what they are running toward— 
what end, what accomplishment, what result will be realized by their 
running; too many not really knowing from what and to what, without 
any definite or definable destination that one would want to reach. 
"Let us get our eye clearly, then, on what we are talking of," said Dr. 
Fosdick, "—not ... an escape from life, but as an indispensable part of 
life. ... Of all pathetic things few are worse than the familiar sight 
which one sees on every side . . . people who are trying to substitute 
thrills for serenity. Having no serenity at home within themselves, they 
run away into sensations, spend as much time as possible away from 
themselves amid their thrills, and then at last have to come back 
again. . . . That is the very essence of unhappiness. . . . Speed becomes 
a mania and the pace is sometimes frantic, and in the midst of it one 
who cares about man's happiness and quality looks on the wreckage of 
that inner grace without which there can be nothing great in life or 
art. . . . Some of our modern sophisticates might well cease their attacks 
on our forefathers. . . . While they may have been dour, grim, and 
unhappy, they were not cynical, flippant, futile, and unhappy, . . . lacking 
deep wells of quietness, trying to make up for the loss of serene meaning 
by plunging into sensations."^ Life has purpose and meaning and is 
everlastingly long— but here and now one cannot always run, for one 
runs out of time and strength. If it is boredom we run from, it will 
always catch up with us. If it is duty, it remains whether we run or not. 
If it is reality we run from, it is with us whether we recognize it or 
not. If it is ourselves, no man ever leaves himself behind. The antidote 
to restless running is to choose a solid purpose and pursue it. Whatever 
we may be running from, we need to be moving toward a solid purpose, 
without which there is no peace, no serenity inside. 

iDr. Harry Emerson Fosdick, The Power to See It Through: The High Uses of Serenity (New 
York: Harper & Brothers). 

*"The Spoken Word" from Temple Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia 
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November 1967 



39 



Servants in the Lord's Kingdom 

An Apostle, 

Patriarch to the Church, 

Assistants to the Council of the Twelve, 

First Council of the Seventy, 

and the Presiding Bishopric. 



# General Authorities of the Church 
are looked upon with love and respect 
by Latter-day Saints throughout the 
world. These are the men chosen by 
the Lord to help direct his work upon 
the earth in this day. The Improvement 
Era is pleased to present on the pages 
that follow reproductions of color por- 
traits and biographical sketches of 23 of 
these brethren — an apostle, the Patri- 
arch to the Church, the Assistants to the 
Council of the Twelve, the First Council 
of the Seventy, and the Presiding Bishop- 
ric. The First Presidency and the Council 
of the Twelve were similarly treated last 
November." 

The Patriarch to the Church: On June 
27, 1839, the Prophet Joseph Smith spoke 
to the brethren at considerable length 
and made the following statement: 

"AN EVANGELIST is a Patriarch, 
even the oldest man of the blood of Jo- 
seph or of the seed of Abraham. Wher- 
ever the Church of Christ is established 
in the earth, there should be a Patriarch 
for the benefit of the posterity of the 
Saints, as it was with Jacob in giving his 
patriarchal blessing unto his sons, etc." 
{Documentary History of the Church, Vol. 
3, p. 38L) 

The Prophet's father, Joseph Smith, 
Sen., was ordained Patriarch to the 
Church December 18, 1833. His direct 
descendant in the patriarchal lineage, 
Eldred G. Smith, now holds that office. 

The Assistants to the Council of the 
Twelve: At the April 1941 general con- 
ference. President J. Reuben Clark, Jr., 
in reading the names of the General 
Authorities for sustaining vote, said: 

"The rapid growth of the Church in 



recent times, the constantly increasing 
establishment of new wards and stakes, 
the ever-widening geographical area 
covered by wards and stakes, the steadily 
pressing necessity for increasing our 
missions in numbers and efficiency that 
the Gospel may be brought to all men, 
the continual multiplying of Church in- 
terests and activities calling for more 
rigid and frequent observation, supervi- 
sion, and direction, all have built up an 
apostolic service of the greatest magni- 
tude. 

"The First Presidency and Twelve 
feel that to meet adequately their great 
responsibilities and to carry on efficiently 
this service for the Lord, they should 
have some help. 

"Accordingly it has been decided to 
appoint assistants to the Twelve, who 
shall be High Priests, who shall be set 
apart to act under the direction of the 
Twelve in the performance of such 
work as the First Presidency and the 
Twelve may place upon them. 

"There will be no fixed number of 
these assistants. Their number will be 
increased or otherwise from time to time 
as the necessity of carrying on the Lord's 
work seems to dictate to be wise. . . ." 
{The Improvement Era, May 1941, p. 269.) 

Currently there are 12 Assistants to 
the Twelve. 

The First Council of the Seventy: In 
the great revelation on priesthood in the 
Doctrine and Covenants, Section 107, the 
Lord says: 

"The Seventy are also called to preach 
the gospel, and to be especial witnesses 
unto the Gentiles and in all the world — 
thus differing from other officers in the 



church in the duties of their calling. 

"And they form a quorum, equal in 
authority to that of the Twelve special 
witnesses or Apostles just named. . . . 

"The Seventy are to act in the name 
of the Lord, under the direction of the 
Twelve or the traveling high council, in 
building up the church and regulating all 
the affairs of the same in all nations, 
first unto the Gentiles and then to the 
Jews." (D&C 107:25-26, 34.) 

The quorums of seventy, consecutively 
numbered, are organized with special 
reference to their calling and missionary 
ministry. And, referring again to the 
revelation, "they should have seven 

presidents to preside over them, chosen 
out of the number of the seventy." (D&C 

107:93.) These are the First Council of 
the Seventy. 

The Presiding Bishopric: "The quorum 
of the Presiding Bishopric consists of the 
Presiding Bishop and two counselors. 
All three are High Priests as well as 
Bishops, They preside over the Aaronic 
Priesthood. They administer the temp- 
oral affairs of the Church under the direc- 
tion of the First Presidency. They super- 
vise the handling of the tithes, the trans- 
fer of membership certificates, all finan- 
cial and statistical reports, and similar 
matters." (John A. Widtsoe, Program of 
the Church, p. 156.) 

In a few words, then, have been 
sketched the responsibilities of these 
councils. Now turn the pages and read 
of the lives of the brethren who are now 
sustained by the membership of the 
Church to these callings. O 



'See "The First Presidency and the Council of the 
Twelve," The Improvement Era, November 1966, pp. 977 ff. 



40 



Improvement Era 



Forthright, energetic action, and 
a strong desire to do the will of 
the Lord characterize the Church's 
newest apostle. Alvin R. Dyer was 
born January 1, 1903, in Salt Lake 
City, to Alfred and Harriet Walsh 
Dyer. During high school and sub- 
sequent years he played on several 
winning baseball teams and sang 
in a quartet that was much in 
demand. 

Elder Dyer filled a mission to 
the Eastern States, where he be- 
came an area leader and in 1923 
acted in what was perhaps the 
first Hill Cumorah pageant. He 
married May Elizabeth Jackson in 
June 1926, and they have two chil- 
dren. 

Employment as a sheet metal 
worker for eight years and corres- 
pondence courses in mechanical 
drafting and engineering prepared 
him for a successful business 
career. He managed a heating and 
air conditioning department for a 
builders' supply firm, and at the 
age of 46 organized a successful 
distributing company. 

During his business career. 
Elder Dyer was a member of the 
Exchange Club, the American 
Society of Heating and Ventilating 
Engineers, and, during World War 
II, the American Military Engi- 
neers, where he served in a civilian 
advisory capacity on a number of 
projects 

But service to the Lord has 
always been the joy of Brother 
Dyer's heart. For nearly six years 
he was bishop of Salt Lake City's 
Monument Park Ward. He had 
previously served in two ward 
bishoprics and on two stake high 
councils. During his service as a 




ALVIN R. DYER 

Apostle 



bishop he received a call to preside over 
the Central States Mission. 

Disposing of his business interests, he 
entered the mission field and found a new 
interest. To satisfy his own mind concerning 
the history of the Church and its people in 
Missouri, Elder Dyer researched and wrote 
an account largely for his own use. The 
account was later published in book form. 
Since then Elder Dyer has written seven 
books on gospel subjects. 

In 1958, only five months after being 
appointed first assistant in the YMMIA gen- 
eral superintendency. Elder Dyer was called 



to be an Assistant to the Council of the 
Twelve. He was later called to reopen and 
preside over the European Mission, where 
he labored for two years. Returning home, 
he immersed himself in the assignments 
given him, one of which was the priesthood 
home teaching program, which he helped 
direct. 

On October 5, 1967, Elder Dyer was or- 
dained an apostle, to be associated with 
members of the Council of the Twelve in 
witnessing the Savior's mission. His strong 
leadership, yet humble spirit, makes him a 
valuable servant in the Lord's hands. 



November 1967 



41 








ELDRED G. SMITH 

Patriarch to the Church 



The office of Patriarch to the Church is a 
holy calhng. It is a hereditary calhng, 
given on personal worthiness to the man 
receiving it through inspiration of the 
President of the Church. 

Eldred G. Smith is the seventh Patriarch 
to the Church in this dispensation. Daily 
he cares for spiritual needs of the saints, 
giving to many their patriarchal blessings, 
great personal pronouncements that can, if 
the recipient is humble and worthy, chart 
the way to possible achievements in a 
fruitful lifetime. 

Elder Smith was born January 9, 1907, at 



Lehi, Utah, a son of Hyrum G. and Martha 
Gee Smith. When he was five years of age, 
his father was sustained as Presiding Patri- 
arch to the Church, and the family moved 
to Salt Lake City. Young Eldred was edu- 
cated in the public schools and attended 
LDS High School and the University of 
Utah, where he studied engineering. 

In 1926 he received a call to serve in the 
Swiss-German Mission, and upon his release 
in 1929, he served a stake mission in the 
Liberty Stake in Salt Lake City. 

Elder Smith married Jeanne Ness August 
17, 1932, in the Salt Lake Temple, and 



they became parents of two sons 
and three daughters. 

Devoted to serving the Lord in 
whatever capacity he was called. 
Elder Smith became a member of 
the Ensign Stake YMMIA board in 
November 1936, and on May 5, 
1938, he was sustained as second 
counselor in the 20th Ward bish- 
opric in Salt Lake City. He later 
served on the Ensign Stake high 
council. When the North 20th 
Ward was created in 1941, he be- 
came its first bishop. 

In January 1944 he accepted a 
war-time position with the Oak 
Ridge, Tennessee, atomic energy 
project. On his way there, he 
stopped at the mission head- 
quarters in Louisville, Kentucky, 
where he offered his services to 
the Church. When he arrived at 
Oak Ridge, he found that because 
of the secret nature of the atomic 
project, he could not gain permis- 
sion for the saints to hold Church 
gatherings in military halls. So 
he invited Church members to his 
home for services, where they used 
boxes for table and chairs. The 
gatherings grow until eventually 
35 children and 65 adults were 
attending. The Oak Ridge Branch 
was then formed, with Elder Smith 
as branch president. 

After World War II he returned 
to Salt Lake City. On April 6, 
1947, at the general conference of 
the Church he was sustained as 
Patriarch to the Church. 

Since then he has given literally 
thousands of blessings. He spends 
many hours each day at his desk 
in the Church Administration 
Building counseling members who 
come from all parts of the Church. 



42 



Improvement Era 



One of the distinguishing 
features of the April confer- 
ence of 1941 was the calHng of 
five Assistants to the Council of 
the Twelve, who were "set apart 
to act under the direction of the 
Twelve in the performance of such 
work as the First Presidency and 
the Twelve may place upon them." 
Among them was Alma Sonne. 

Elder Sonne was born in Logan, 
Utah, on March 5, 1884, to Niels 
Christian and Elisa Peterson Sonne. 
After his graduation from Brigham 
Young College in Logan in 1904, 
he worked for the Logan First 
National Bank. From 1910 to 1912 
he filled a mission in England, 
where he had charge of emigration 
work, traffic, and transportation. 
Returning from the British Isles, 
he married Geneva Ballantyne on 
May 16, 1912, and they had five 
children — four sons and a daughter. 
After the death of his wife in 1941, 
he married Leona Ballantyne 
WooUey. 

Elder Sonne has played an im- 
portant role in the business and 
agricultural development of north- 
ern Utah. He is president of the 
First National Bank in Logan and 
a member of the board of trustees 
of Utah State University. 

When Elder Sonne was called to 
preside over the European Mission 
with headquarters in London in 
1946, someone asked him: "Why 
must you go? Isn't the soul at home 
as precious to save as the soul in 
Europe?" Elder Sonne answered, 
"I suppose it is a matter of con- 
viction. It is very important what 
we believe." Then he recalled that 
when he was a young man, he had 
asked his father, "Why did you 
join the Church?" the father he.si- 




ALMA SONNE 

Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 



tated for a moment and then replied, "Be- 
cause I read the Book of Mormon." With 
the conviction that this was the word of 
God, his father had asked for baptism. Elder 
Sonne recalled that his mother had walked 
across the prairie from Council Bluffs to 
Cache Valley, Utah, behind a yoke of oxen 
and a covered wagon. "Why?" Elder Sonne 
asked. Because, he was told, they had the 
conviction that the Church was true. 

The same conviction characterizes the 
unselfish devotion and service of Alma 
Sonne. Countless individuals bear personal 
testimony that he is sincere when he says. 



"There is nothing more important than 
people." He served in two bishoprics in 
Logan, as stake YMMIA superintendent, on 
a stake high council, and as counselor in 
the Cache Stake presidency. He was serving 
as Cache Stake president and chairman of 
the Cache welfare region when he was 
called to be an Assistant to the Council of 
the Twelve. 

Love of people and love of the gospel 
form the foundation of Elder Sonne's life. 
"The only infallible guide for men and 
nations," he says, "is the gospel of Jesus 
Christ." 



November 1967 



43 




ELRAY L. CHRISTIANSEN 

Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 



The spiritual strength and sincerity of 
Elder ElRay L. Christiansen, Assistant to 
the Council of the Twelve, have been an 
influence for good in the lives of innumer- 
able people, for he has led an active and 
varied life in Church, civic, cultural, and 
educational endeavors. 

Elder Christiansen was born July 13, 
1897, in Mayfield, Utah, to Pariey and 
Dorothea C. Jensen Scow Christiansen. He 
majored in agronomy at Utah State Agricul- 
tural College and continued in graduate 
studies at the University of Utah and Brig- 
ham Young University. An agriculturist and 



landowner himself, he conducted compre- 
hensive soil surveys and grazing reconnais- 
sance for the U.S. government. 

Professionally an educator, one of his 
greatest satisfactions comes from teaching 
young people. This he has done effectively 
in the schools, with missionaries, as a Scout 
leader, and in his extensive service in the 
temples of the Church. 

On June 14, 1922, he married Lewella 
Rees in the Manti Temple. They have three 
children. In 1924 the Christiansens accepted 
a call to the Central States Mission. Thus 
began a long sequence of Church service for 



Elder Christiansen. Later in the 
East Jordan (Utah) Stake, he served 
in the stake Sunday School super- 
intendency, on the high council, 
and as bishop of the Draper First 
Ward. In 1936 he became affiliated 
with the Church School System 
and moved to Logan, Utah. 

In 1937 he was called as presi- 
dent of the Texas-Louisiana Mis- 
sion. Returning to Logan four 
years later, he was sustained as 
first counselor in the Cache Stake 
presidency. From 1943-1952 he 
was president of the Logan Tem- 
ple, and during four of these years, 
he also served as first counselor in 
the East Cache Stake presidency 
and then as stake president. 

On October 6, 1951, he was 
called as an Assistant to the Coun- 
cil of the Twelve. In this capacity 
he has served as chairman of the 
budget committee of the Church 
Welfare Committee, was Salt Lake 
Temple president for eight years, 
and assisted in preparing the Lon- 
don Temple for ordinance work. 
In 1961 he became, under the 
direction of the First Presidency, 
coordinator of all Church temples. 
In addition, he is area supervisor 
of the four southeast American 
missions. 

In all his works, Elder Christian- 
sen has been honored and re- 
spected. When he was sustained 
in conference as an Assistant to 
the Council of the Twelve, Elder 
Christiansen emphasized that a 
genuine testimony must be ac- 
companied by good works. Cer- 
tainly this has been the foundation 
of his own life, for through his 
firm testimony, he has been moved 
to good works and has become a 
dedicated man of strength and 
solidarity. 



44 



Improvement Era 



in the early days of the restored 
Church, the Lord said, in rev- 
elation through the Prophet 
Joseph Smith, "For my soul de- 
lighteth in the song of the heart; 
yea, the song of the righteous is a 
prayer unto me." 

Elder John Longden, Assistant to 
the Council of the Twelve, has 
literally sung his way into the 
hearts of the saints wherever he 
has traveled. A gifted singer, he 
has willingly shared his musical 
talents with congregations in 
many parts of the world as he has 
visited them on Church assign- 
ments. 

Elder Longden was born in 
Oldham, Lancashire, England, on 
November 4, 1898. His parents, 
Thomas J. and Lizetta Taylor 
Longden, were converts to the 
Church, and when John was ten 
years old, the family immigrated 
to Utah. He attended LDS High 
School and LDS Business College 
and the University of Utah. 

His musical talents were recog- 
nized early, and he studied voice 
and dramatics and was a member 
of two theater stock companies. 
In 1921 he accepted a call to the 
Central States Mission, and upon 
his return began his business ca- 
reer, first in an insurance agency 
and then in the electrical products 
business. He climbed the execu- 
tive ladder to become manager of 
the Westinghouse Electric Supply 
Company in Salt Lake City and, in 
1952, area manager for National 
Electric Products Corporation, a 
position he held until his business 
retirement in 1960. 

On October 15, 1924, Elder 
Longden married Frances LaRue 
Carr in the Salt Lake Temple; they 




JOHN LONGDEN 

Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 



are parents of two daughters. Sister Long- 
den served 13 years as second counselor in 
the general presidency of the Young Wom- 
en's Mutual Improvement Association. 

Elder Longden has always found time to 
serve faithfully and willingly in the Church. 
He was an assistant superintendent and 
superintendent in ward and stake MIA 
organizations before being called as bishop 
of the 19th Ward in Salt Lake City. He 
then served some 17 years as a stake high 
councilor and, in 1950, became a member of 
the General Church Welfare Committee. 
In October 1951 came the call to serve as an 



Assistant to the Council of the Twelve. 

In a recent general conference Elder 
Longden told of attending meetings as a 
youth in a little corrugated, galvanized 
meetinghouse in Oldham, Lancashire. Fifty- 
six years later he had the privilege of return- 
ing to the land of his birth to dedicate a 
beautiful chapel in Oldham. "Fifty-six years 
ago," mused Elder Longden. "It seems like 
yesterday. How time flies!" 

Then he added, "There is nothing we can 
do about it except to see as far as possible 
that it passes fruitfully." This he has done 
most successfully. 



November 1967 



45 



An impressive experience in 
Sterling Sill's yoiith was a 
turning point that greatly influ- 
enced his later life. He was asked to 
review in Sunday School class a 
paragraph from the manual. As he 
stood up to speak, the 12-year-old 
youth became panic-stricken. 
Tears coursed down his face, and 
he was unable to finish. That same 
day another youth spoke with such 
aplomb that Elder Sill still recalls 
the compelling motivations to seek 
similar excellence. A guiding hand 
was already influencing his life, 
for in a blessing he had been told: 
"The eye of the Lord shall be upon 
you . . . and your tongue shall be 
loosened to your astonishment." 

Born March 31, 1903, in Layton, 
Utah, to Joseph and Marietta Well- 
ing Sill, Elder Sill still remembers 
the timidity that troubled him, 
even during his mission to the 
Southern States. After attending 
the University of Utah, he taught 
school for two years before enter- 
ing the insurance business in Salt 
Lake City. 

Hard-won success and the con- 
stant support of his wife, Doris 
Mary Thornley (they have three 
children), effected great changes 
in his self-confidence. He advanced 
rapidly in his profession, becoming 
Salt Lake City manager of his 
firm in 1933 and inspector of 
agencies in 1940, a position he 
holds in honorarium today. At the 
age of 29, he became the first 
Utahn to address the National 
Association of Life Underwriters. 

In 1936 he was called as bishop 
of the Garden Park Ward. Stake 
conference came soon, and think- 
ing he might be asked to speak, he 




STERLING W. SILL 

Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 



prepared a talk. He was not asked. For the 
next conference he had prepared another 
talk, but again he was not asked. For the 
next ten years Bishop Sill prepared a talk — 
and never gave one in conference. The Lord 
was disciplining him for a great ministry. 
In 1951 he became a Sunday School 
general board member, and in April 1954 
he was called to be an Assistant to the 
Council of the Twelve. After delivering 12 
addresses on the Sunday evening Church 
radio program in 1959, he was asked to 
deliver them indefinitely, and for the past 
eight years he has prepared and delivered 



talks for weekly 15-minute and half-hour 
radio programs aired nationwide over 450 
stations. 

Over 4,200 letters monthly come from 
listeners, carrying such heartfelt sentiments 
as these: "I've joined the Church because 
of these talks." "You changed my life." 
"What an excellent Mormon ministry." His 
ability to serve the Lord in this way has 
been the fruit of 40 years of preparation. 
Years ago he began cataloguing his thoughts, 
and he is now compiling his twenty-first 
scrapbook of ideas. He is a great public 
spokesman for the gospel in our time. 



46 



Improvement Era 




HENRY D. TAYLOR 

Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 



CCIt was inevitable that he should reach 
I high places," was said of Henry D. 
Taylor when he was called as an Assistant 
to the Council of the Twelve in April 1958. 
He was trained for leadership from his 
early days of disciplined farm life in Provo, 
Utah, where he was born on November 22, 
1903, to Arthur N. and Maria Dixon Taylor. 
Remembering the rich heritage of his 
home, Elder Taylor said in a general con- 
ference address, "It was not meant that we 
should stand alone. We become better indi- 
viduals when we grow together rather than 
alone." 



After a mission to the Eastern States, Elder 
Taylor was graduated from Brigham Young 
University in 1929 and in 1960 received the 
Y's Alumni Distinguished Service Award. 
He received a master's degree from New 
York University School of Retailing in 1937. 
In Provo, where he was assistant manager of 
Dixon Taylor Russell Company, Elder Taylor 
became actively involved in varied com- 
munity affairs, including the Chamber of 
Commerce, Kiwanis Club, and the Utah 
Valley Hospital board. 

On December 26, 1929, he married Alta 
Hansen of Richfield, Utah. Four sons were 



born to them. Active in ward and 
stake organizations. Sister Taylor 
charmingly and intelligently sus- 
tained her husband, sharing with 
him years of opportunity and ac- 
complishment. She passed away on 
July 6, 1967. 

Described as a "quiet dynamo," 
Elder Taylor seemed destined to 
lead his brethren. He was national 
president of Delta Phi, a high 
councilor, and stake clerk, as well 
as bishop of Pleasant View Ward 
and president of Sharon and East 
Sharon stakes. He was serving as 
president of the California Mission 
when he was called to become an 
Assistant to the Council of the 
Twelve. 

Now serving as managing direc- 
tor of the Church Welfare Program, 
Elder Taylor has brought to this 
special calling wide and long ex- 
perience in welfare work, including 
experience as chairman of the Mt. 
Timpanogos and the Central Utah 
welfare regions. 

Elder Taylor approaches the 
Welfare Program with great com- 
passion and love for his fellowmen, 
with fidl, uncompromising faith in 
revealed truth, and with strength 
and tolerance. Speaking about the 
program, he says: "To carry out the 
purposes of the program, it was 
intended that all members of the 
Church should join together and 
work, giving us a feeling of brother- 
hood and unity, a sense of be- 
longing — belonging to one another 
and to the kingdom of God." 

Quiet, unassuming leadership 
and superior performance with un- 
wavering faith in his Heavenly 
Father distinguish Elder Henry D. 
Taylor. 



November 1967 



47 



During World War I, William 
' James Critchlow, Jr. in service 
with the U.S. Coast and Geodedic 
Survey, found himself posted alone 
for weeks on a mountain peak, 
where he found time to read the 
Book of Mormon. "I had 'inherited' 
the gospel," he recalls, "and my 
Church membership had come 
routinely when I was old enough 
to be baptized. But my conversion 
— that 'I-know-beyond-any-doubt' 
feeling — came to me atop a moun- 
tain as I read the Book of Mormon 
and asked God about its truthful- 
ness." 

This witness has been born 
with great fervency and conviction, 
particularly in the years since 
Elder Critchlow was sustained as 
an Assistant to the Council of the 
Twelve in October 1958. 

Born August 12, 1892, a son of 
William J. and Anna Gregerson 
Critchlow, Elder CVitchlow has 
lived all his life in Ogden, Utah. 
After high school graduation, he 
entered Weber Academy where, as 
student body president in 1911, he 
spearheaded a campaign for a gym- 
nasium, setting the stage for life- 
long service to the community. 
Many years later his dream mate- 
rialized and the gymnasium was 
built. When it was returned to the 
Church and remodeled as a Deseret 
Gymnasium in June 1967, William 
J. Critchlow, Jr., the man who had 
initiated the drive in 1911, was 
asked to offer the dedicatory 
prayer. 

To prepare for a career in 
business administration, he 
enrolled in LaSalle Extension 
University, Chicago, and also took 
classes through the University of 
Utah extension division. 

Elder Critchlow entered the 




WILLIAM J. CRITCHLOW, JR, 

Assistant to Council of the Twelve 



electric utility field in 1912 and, except 
for temporary government assignments, he 
filled various executive positions with 
Utah Power & Light Company until his 
retirement, when he was serving as business 
development manager. 

"The measure of a man's real success in 
life is his family," he has said. He married 
Anna Maria Taylor in the Salt Lake Temple 
in 1924, and they have two sons and a 
daughter. 

Elder Critchlow's influence in Ogden 
community affairs has been profound, with 
service on a number of committees and in 



civic clubs. He was a founder of the All 
Faces West pageant, which each year 
re-enacts the pioneer trek to Great Salt 
Lake Valley. This project has particular 
significance for him, since his great-grand- 
father James Brown was a Mormon Battalion 
leader and founder of Ogden. 

Much of the joy in life. Elder Critchlow 
believes, is a by-product of service, particu- 
larly to the Church. He held many positions 
in the auxiliaries and served 17 years as 
first president of South Ogden Stake before 
his call as an Assistant to the Twelve in 
October 1958. 



48 



Improvement Era 



^%^:^::m^ 



-*s 






{ I ^"ollow the leaders of the 
■ Church, and never turn 
down an opportunity to serve." 
These words of counsel from his 
parents have been a guiding phi- 
losophy for Elder Franklin D. 
Richards, Assistant to the Council 
of the Twelve, who has devoted 
his life to service to his commun- 
ity, his nation, and his Church. 

Elder Richards was bom No- 
vember 17, 1900, in Ogden, Utah, 
a son of Charles C. and Letitia 
Peery Richards. As a boy he was 
industrious, working on his father's 
farm to earn school expenses as 
well as taking an active part in 
debate activities and school pub- 
lications. 

He was graduated from Weber 
Academy, Ogden, and then stud- 
ied at the University of Utah be- 
fore receiving a call to the Eastern 
States Mission. After he returned, 
he completed work on his LL.B. 
degree at the university in 1923 
and entered law practice in Salt 
Lake City. On August 1, 1923, he 
married Helen Kearnes in the Salt 
Lake Temple. They have two sons 
and two daughters. 

Elder Richards was named first 
Utah director of the Federal Hous- 
ing Administration in 1934, and 
later was appointed zone commis- 
sioner for 13 western states, with 
headquarters in Washington, D.C. 
In 1947 he was appointed national 
FHA commissioner, and during 
his term of office the nation en- 
joyed the largest residential build- 
ing program of its history. After 
resigning from the FHA in 1952, 
he opened his own mortgage bank- 
ing and brokerage business, with 
offices in New York, Washington, 




FRANKLIN D. RICHARDS 

Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 



and Salt Lake City, and in 1954 he returned 
to Utah. 

As a young man Elder Richards received 
his patriarchal blessing, in which he was 
blessed that he would be "called to hold 
offices of presidency and leadership in sacred 
and civil positions." That promise has truly 
been fulfilled, for in addition to holding re- 
sponsible public positions, he has also been 
a leader in his priesthood quorums and the 
auxiliary organizations of the Church. 

Elder Richards was serving as president 
of the East Mill Creek Stake mission when, 
in 1959, he was called to preside over the 



Northwestern States Mission. There he di- 
rected one of the most fruitful mission areas 
of the Church and developed a new mis- 
sionary handbook incorporating the mis- 
sion's most effective teaching plans. On 
October 8, 1960, just ten months after he be- 
came mission president, it was announced in 
general conference that he had been called 
as an Assistant to the Council of the Twelve. 
His mission activities have continued, for 
his assignments as a General Authority have 
included supervision of missions on the 
East Coast of the United States and, more 
recently, in South America. 



November 1967 



49 



A colleague in the Genealogical 
Society, where Elder Theo- 
dore M. Burton serves as vice- 
president as well as managing 
director of the Priesthood Gene- 
alogy Committee, describes Elder 
Burton as a humble man "of 
honesty, love, dedication, and un- 
compromising loyalty to the gos- 
pel and its principles. " 

Elder Burton developed these 
qualities early in his life. He was 
born March 27, 1907, and his 
parents, Theodore Taylor and 
Florence Moyle Burton, encour- 
aged him to work from the time 
he was 12 years old. Of them 
Elder Burton has said, "They 
provided the opportunities and 
taught the gospel by setting an 
example and living it in our home 
in Salt Lake City." 

He successfully completed his 
education, receiving B.A. and M.A. 
degrees from the University of 
Utah and a Ph.D. degree in chem- 
istry from Purdue University. 
From 1932 to 1934 he was assistant 
bacteriologist for Salt Lake City. 
Later he was a popular teacher of 
chemistry at Carbon College in 
Price, Utah, and then at Utah State 
University, Logan. 

Elder Burton believes that his 
studies in science have helped him 
to become more sensitive to God's 
laws. "My testimony has been 
strengthened, because in science I 
was trained to see order. In our 
religion, God gives us infallible 
truth that we can prove to our- 
selves by applying it to our lives." 

From 1927-30 Elder Burton 
served as a missionary in the 
Swiss-German Mission. He later 
served as bishop and high councilor 




THEODORE M. BURTON 

Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 



in Logan. In 1957 he returned to Europe to 
preside over the West German Mission. 
Accompanying him were his wife, Minnie 
Preece Burton, whom he married in the 
Salt Lake Temple on February 23, 1933, and 
his son, Robert, who has since fulfilled a 
mission in Switzerland. Before becoming 
European Mission president in 1962, Elder 
Burton was set apart as an Assistant to the 
Council of the Twelve on October 9, 1960. 
In June 1965, he became the West Euro- 
pean Mission supervisor. 

Theodore Burton has said, "In the next 
world the question will not be how many 



positions did you hold, but how many people 
did you help"; and in reference to his work 
with genealogy he has said, "What Jesus did 
was done as an example to show us how we 
too could serve others through our own^ 
work and sacrifice. In our vicarious work 
for the salvation of our dead, we do follow 
our Lord and Savior and become saviors 
ourselves for those who cannot save them- 
selves." 

These are not mere words for Elder Bur- 
ton, but rather principles he puts into 
action. It has been said of him that "he has 
sworn his loyalty to the kingdom!" 



50 



Improvement Era 




BOYD K. PACKER 

Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 



The tenth of eleven children of Ira W. 
and Emma Jensen Packer, Elder Boyd K. 
Packer was born September 10, 1924, into a 
home that was richly endowed with every- 
thing except ready money. He was well 
schooled in the family circle in the principles 
that had made for his people an everyday 
religion of the restored gospel, and had made 
their arid homesites blossom as the rose. 

During his senior year in high school. 
Pearl Harbor embroiled the nation in war. 
Following his graduation, he worked for 
the contractors building the Bushnell 
General Hospital at Brigham City, Utah. 



He enlisted in the air cadet program of the 
air force and was graduated as a pilot by the 
time he was twenty. As a lonely cadet, he 
recalls, he poured out his soul in prayer, 
promising that if he could succeed in ac- 
complishing life's real purpose and resist 
temptation, he would dedicate himself to 
the Lord. 

After additional training he was stationed 
in Hawaii, then in the Philippines. In 
October 1945 he was sent to Japan, where in 
his leisure time he had the opportunity of 
aiding other servicemen i teaching the 
gospel to the Japanese peop e. 



After being released from the 
service, he continued his education 
at Weber College and Utah State 
University, receiving his bachelor's 
and master's degrees in education. 
He married Donna Edith Smith, 
and they have nine children. 

President George Albert Smith 
spoke in the Box Elder Tabernacle 
in 1948, encouraging the citizens of 
the community to support the use 
of the Bushnell Hospital facilities 
for an Indian school and promising 
that those in attendance would be 
blessed if they would do all they 
could to aid and encourage the 
project. 

Elder Packer took this as a 
personal challenge, as did others. 
When the first group of Indian 
students arrived in 1949, Elder 
Packer, then a member of the 
seminary faculty, and J. Edwin 
Baird were appointed to develop a 
Church program for those students. 
From this small beginning, the 
Indian seminary program has 
grown and developed and is now 
used throughout the Church. 

Elder Packer was sustained as an 
Assistant to the Council of the 
Twelve at the October 1961 general 
conference. At that time he was 
supervisor of seminaries and insti- 
tutes of religion and was working on 
his doctorate in education, which 
he received from the Brigham 
Young University in June 1962. 

Since August 1965 he has been 
presiding over the New England 
Mission. 

The promise Elder Packer made 
when a young cadet to dedicate 
himself to the Lord has been met 
by his significant contribution to 
the education of youth in the 
Church. 



November 1967 



51 




BERNARD P. BROCKBANK 

Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 



The spirit of missionary work is evident 
in the life and personality of Elder 
Bernard P. Brockbank. Most of his adult 
life has been devoted to promulgating the 
gospel, and when he speaks, it is with the 
enthusiasm and conviction of one who loves 
the work ( 'f the Lord and wants to share it 
with his fellowmen. 

Elder Brockbank was born May 24, 1909, 
in Holladay, Utah, a son of Taylor P. and 
Sarah LeCheminant Brockbank. He at- 
tended Utah State Agricultural College, 
the University of Utah, and George Wash- 
ington University at Washington, D. C. His 



studies were interrupted in 1929 when he 
accepted a call to the British Mission, 
where he was district president for one year 
and began the first of his missionary labors. 
He also served on a stake mission in 1934-35 
in Washington, D.C., while he was attend- 
ing school. 

On November 1, 1935, he married Nada 
Rich, and they became the parents of five 
sons and one daughter. Sister Brockbank 
died August 1, 1967. 

A wellknown Salt Lake City building con- 
tractor. Elder Brockbank has been active in 
building associations as well as civic affairs, 



having been a member of the Salt 
Lake Real Estate Board and the 
Utah Home Builders Association, 
as well as past president of the 
Granite School District Board of 
Education. 

Wherever he has resided. Elder 
Brockbank has held responsible 
positions in the Church, including 
bishop of the Winder Ward in Salt 
Lake City, stake high councilor, 
president of the Holladay Stake, 
and chairman of the Jordan Valley 
welfare region. 

His great love for missionary 
work has come to fruition most 
forcefully since 1960, when he was 
named president of the North 
British Mission. When the mission 
was divided in December 1960, 
he became president of the new 
Scottish-Irish Mission and, 18 
months later, of the new Scottish 
Mission. He was serving in the 
latter mission area when, in Octo- 
ber 1962, he was called as an 
Assistant to the Council of the 
Twelve. 

When the Mormon Pavilion at 
the New York World's Fair opened 
in April 1964, its managing direc- 
tor was Elder Brockbank, whose 
missionary enthusiasm and zeal 
were now influencing the many 
missionaries who labored there 
under his direction and the mil- 
lions of visitors who were intro- 
duced to the restored gospel there. 

Since the close of the fair. 
Elder Brockbank has been assisting 
in preparing displays for visitors 
centers throughout the Church. 
These displays incorporate many 
of the ideas used so successfully at 
the fair and are now helping to 
teach even greater numbers of 
people the truths of the gospel. 



32 



Improvement Era 



For years James Alfred Culli- 
more had been leading and 
counseling members of the Church 
— as branch president at Sioux 
City, Iowa, and at Oklahoma 
City; as president of the West 
Oklahoma District; and then, 
beginning October 23, 1960, as 
president of the new Oklahoma 
Stake. The Cullimore home was 
always a haven where missionaries 
could find a good meal and re- 
charge their spiritual batteries 
with quiet talk upon the great 
principles of the gospel. 

But when, in December 1960, 
Elder CullimoFe was called to 
preside in the Central British 
Mission, the people of Oklahoma 
City, who knew him only as an 
eminently successful man who 
had built a thriving furniture 
business, could hardly understand 
how he could turn away from 
personal affairs to accept a church 
appointment of several years' dur- 
ation. He did, however, and the 
stature of the Church grew in 
Oklahoma. He was sustained as an 
Assistant to the Council of the 
Twelve April 6, 1966, and again 
the image of the Church grew in 
the Midwest. 

Elder Cullimore was born 
January 17, 1906, at Lindon, Utah, 
a son of Albert L. and Luella 
Keetch Cullimore. In December 
1924 he was called to the Cali- 
fornia Mission. He returned to 
study at Brigham Young Univer- 
sity, where he was student body 
president. He married Grace 
Gardner in the Salt Lake Temple 
June 3, 1931. They went to New 
York City, where he had a schol- 
arship for graduate studies at the 
New York University School of 
Retailing. 




JAMES A. CULLIMORE 

Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 



He began his long experience as a furni- 
ture buyer in 1932 with Gimble Brothers, 
New York City, and held the same position 
with Mandel Brothers, Chicago. In 1937 he 
became the buyer and home furnishings 
merchandise manager for Browns in Okla- 
homa City. 

During their early years in Oklahoma 
City, the Cullimores had wondered if they 
should return to Utah to rear their son and 
two daughters. World War II prevented 
such a move. 

While touring the Central States Mission 
in 1946, Elder Joseph F. Merrill of the 



Council of the Twelve heard the problem 
and said: "This is where the Lord wants 
you. Teach your children well and then 
send them to BYU to school, and they 
will marry in the Church. Things will work 
out well for you." Within days, Elder Culli- 
more had leased a building in Oklahoma 
City to open his own furniture store, which 
soon prospered. 

Branch president, district president, 
stake president, mission president, Church 
welfare committee man, friend! Elder 
Cullimore is all these and more as he daily 
goes about the work of the Lord. 



November 1967 



S3 




ANTOINE R. IVINS 

of the First Council of the Seventy 



"W 



hat can you say about Antoine R. 

Ivins?" a friend was asked. 
"President Ivins is one of God's noble men, 
possessing a rare sense of balance or tempera- 
ment. He is gracious, kind, humble, and cor- 
dial with all. In the councils of the Church 
and in his daily life he has an inward and a 
calming, self-disciplined strength that re- 
peatedly manifests itself in times of stress." 
Antoine Ridgeway Ivins was born May 11, 
1881, at St. George, Utah, a son of Anthony 
W. and Elizabeth Ashby Snow Ivins. As a 
youth, he was often his father's willing com- 
panion on trips, where the pack on the horse 



was sure to contain a fishing pole as well as a 
book. 

When Antoine was 15, the family moved 
to Mexico, where his father was president of 
the Juarez Stake and president of the Mexi- 
can Colonization and Agricultural Company. 
Antoine continued his schooling at Juarez 
Academy and later at the School of Juris- 
prudence, Mexico City. When his father was 
sustained as a member of the Council of the 
Twelve at the October 1907 general con- 
ference, the family moved to Salt Lake City, 
and Antoine entered the University of Utah. 
He also studied law at the University of 



At press time we learn with 
great sorrow of the death of 
President Ivins, who poised 
i away at his home at 7:05 the 
B evening of October 18, 1967. 



Michigan, Ann Arbor. 

He married Vilate Ellen Romney 
on June 26, 1912. Until her passing 
December 4, 1964, Sister Ivins often 
traveled with him as he fulfilled his 
many assignments. 

Elder Ivins was engaged in 
ranching and agriculture in Utah 
before becoming manager of the 
Church sugar plantation at Laie, 
Hawaii, a position he held from 
1921-31. 

At the October 1931 semiannual 
general conference, he was sus- 
tained as a member of the First 
Council of the Seventy. 

He served as president of the 
Mexican Mission from August 1931 
to March 1934. There he succeeded 
the late Rey L. Pratt, who had 
begun the translation of the Doc- 
trine and Covenants into Spanish. 
President Ivins continued this 
activity, assisted by Eduardo 
Balderas. One part after another 
was printed until, in 1948, the com- 
plete Doctrine and Covenants and 
Pearl of Great Price in Spanish 
came from the presses. 

Returning from the mission field 
in 1934, President Ivins plunged 
with all his vigor into his full-time 
assignment as a General Authority. 
He has served as senior president of 
the First Council since the death 
of Levi Edgar Young, December 
13, 1963. 

There is hardly a stake of the 
Church that has not felt of his 
warmth as he has spoken the great 
truths of the gospel from their 
pulpits, often using stories rich in 
humor and ways of life. He has 
aided the Church to grow strong, 
and has seen its membership and 
activity increase many fold since 
being called as a General Authority. 



54 



Improvement Era 



In April 1945, when S. Dilworth 
Young was called to the First 
Council of the Seventy, Elder 
Richard L. Evans commented 
editorially in The Improvement 
Era: "God qualifies men according 
to the demands of the day and the 
needs of the Church." In one of 
his first talks, this new General 
Authority said, "The need for work 
with boys entered the valley with 
the pioneers. " 

Here was the need, and here 
was the man to meet the need. 
Elder Young was serving as Scout 
executive of the Ogden, Utah, area 
council when he received his new 
calling, and one of his friends said, 
"Well, that's fine for you, but what 
will the poor Boy Scouts do?" 
From that Ogden group. Elder 
Young's work with boys, with all 
young people, and with leaders of 
youth has extended worldwide. 
President Young was born in 
Salt Lake City on September 7, 
1897, a son of Seymour B. Young, 
Jr., and Carlie Louine Young 

Clawson. 
He attended Granite High 

School, where he was elected 
president of the student body in 
1917. After high school graduation, 
he successfully passed all the tests 
for the U.S. Naval Academy at 
Annapolis, to which he had been 
appointed, only to find that a 
minor physical ailment barred his 
entrance. He joined the 145th 
Field Artillery, serving in France 
until 1918. 

In 1920 Elder Young was called 
to the Central States Mission. Re- 
turning home, he married Gladys 
Pratt on May 31, 1923. Two chil- 
dren were born to them: Dilworth 




S. DILWORTH YOUNG 

of the First Council of the Seventy 



Randolph, who was killed in action in Bel- 
gium in 1944, and Leonore, who is now 
Mrs. Blaine P. Parkinson. After the death 
of his wife Gladys, he married Huldah 
Parker on January 4, 1965. 

In May 1947, President Young was called 
to preside over the New England Mission. 
Another dimension was added to his work 
with the youth of the Church, and returning 
missionaries reported that President Young's 
advice was, "Lean on the Lord." 

Elder S. Dilworth Young is a gifted writer 
of prose and poetry. His prose writing has 
a distinct and beautiful style; his poetry is 



sensitive and penetrating. 

When he was a young deacon, Seymour 
Dilworth Young spoke of his supervisor, 
John D. Giles, as a man "who made the 
business of being a deacon seem very real." 
In his years as a member of the First Coun- 
cil of the Seventy, working with council 
members and with other seventies through- 
out the Church, and speaking to the saints 
assembled in conferences, Elder Young has 
made the work of the seventies a real and 
important assignment, one of great signifi- 
cance to the kingdom and great dignity to 
the individual. 



November 1967 



55 




MILTON R. HUNTER 

of the First Council of the Seventy 



Milton R. Hunter has had a profound 
influence upon gospel-oriented 
thought. His writings on such subjects as 
the Pearl of Great Price, Book of Mormon 
archeology, Church history, and the gospel 
through the ages form an indelible impres- 
sion in the minds of many Latter-day Saints. 
Described as one "gifted by a thirst for 
knowledge," Elder Hunter early impressed 
others with his potential. After he received 
his doctorate in history from the University 
of California at Berkeley in 1935, Elder Hun- 
ter was chatting with Dr. Herbert Bolton, 
famous librarian and historian, when the 



professor abruptly said, "Hunter, I won't let 
you throw your career away on some little 
Mormon seminary in Utah. You have the 
makings of one of America's great historians. 
I haven't spent these years in order for you 
to expend this training fruitlessly. If you will 
change your mind, we will secure for you a 
proper place in a great university where 
expectations, and the training you have re- 
ceived, may be realized." But Brother Hun- 
ter turned his attention back to his home 
and the Church. 

Born October 25, 1902, in Holden, Utah, 
to John Edward and Margaret Teeples Hun- 



ter, Elder Hunter was schooled 
early in gospel precepts by his 
faithful parents. By high school 
graduation time. Elder Hunter 
knew he wanted to gain all the 
knowledge he could. However, 
finances were hard to come by, so 
after some initial college classes, 
he taught school in the winters 
and continued his own education 
during summers, a pattern that 
increasingly turned his heart to- 
ward religious education. 

When he finally received his 
bachelor's and master's degrees 
from Brigham Young University, 
he had been a principal in Nevada, 
headed two Utah junior high 
schools, and had served as prin- 
cipal of two seminaries. 

Elder Hunter married Feme 
Gardner of Lehi in 1931, and they 
have six children. He taught semi- 
nary while he pursued his Ph.D; 
then he accepted a position at the 
Logan (Utah) Institute of Religion 
and entered a lifetime of research 
and writing. 

Within just a few years he had 
written for many Western America 
historical journals, his history of 
Utah had been chosen as — and 
still is — a text for Utah schools, 
and he had written several note- 
worthy books on the subject of 
Church history. 

On April 6, 1945, Elder Hunter 
was called to the First Council of 
the Seventy, and his search for 
truth and its promulgation took on 
new dimensions. Now, 22 books 
and hundreds of articles later, 
rather than having expended 
"his training fruitlessly," Elder 
Hunter has created a lasting 
memory for his labors. 



56 



Improvement Era 



i I ^P here is nothing in this world 
I that I would rather do than 
have the privilege of preaching 
the gospel and of devoting such 
time and abilities as the Lord may 
bless me with to the building up 
of his kingdom." These words of 
Bruce R. McConkie of the First 
Council of the Seventy strike the 
guiding keynote of his life. 

Elder McConkie was bom to 
Oscar W. and Vivian Redd Mc- 
Conkie on July 29, 1915, at Ann 
Arbor, Michigan, where his father 
was studying law at the University 
of Michigan. At age 11, young 
Bruce would gather his brothers 
and sisters about him to read to 
them the Book of Mormon. 

After retvuning to Salt Lake 
City, he attended LDS High School 
during its last two years of exis- 
tence, and in 1934-36 he served in 
the Eastern States Mission. He was 
graduated from the University of 
Utah in 1937 with a bachelor of 
arts degree and in 1939 with a 
bachelor of laws degree. In June 
1967 he received his doctorate in 
the same field. On October 13, 
1937, he married Amelia Smith, 
daughter of President Joseph Field- 
ing Smith. They have nine children. 
He was set apart on October 10, 
1946, as a member of the First 
Council of the Seventy. 

Elder McConkie has been a 
member of the Utah State Bar and 
a practicing attorney, assistant 
city attorney and city prosecutor, 
and a security and intelligence 
officer in the U.S. Army's Ninth 
Service Command. He joined the 
American Legion and at present 
holds the rank of lieutenant colonel 
in the Field Artillery Reserves. 




BRUCE R. McCONKIE 

of the First Council of the Seventy 



For many years he was servicemen's coor- 
dinator for the Church. He has also served 
as president of the Southern Australian 
Mission. His knowledge and continual 
study of the scriptures have thrilled Church 
audiences and classes, and his keen sense 
of humor adds reality to his teachings. 

In a conference address President McCon- 
kie said, "The great compelling necessity, 
the overwhelming obligation that rests upon 
us as members of this great latter-day king- 
dom is to come to a knowledge of the law 
of the Lord." To this end Elder McConkie 
has worked and studied diligently. 



In October 1951 general conference, he 
reported the following experience: "Six 
months ago in the solemn assembly, when 
the First Presidency of the Church were 
sustained, as I sat here, the voice of the 
Lord came into my mind as certainly, I am 
sure, as the voice of the Lord came into the 
mind of Enos, as it said: 'These are they 
whom I have chosen as the First Presidency 
of my Church. Follow them.' That witness 
was an added assurance of the divinity of 
the work." To this theme, "follow the 
brethren," Bruce McConkie has dedicated 
his life. 



\' 



November 1967 



57 



It 



ou don't get an ivory 
tower feeling about him," 

replied a young returned mission- 
ary when asked about his relation- 
ship with Marion DuflF Hanks. 
"President Hanks is very much in 
contact with the world ordinary 
people live in. He seems to come 
to grips with daily excitements 
and opportunities and experi- 
ences." 

Talk to building custodians, sec- 
retarial help, childhood friends, 
fellow General Authorities, or the 
soldier just home from Vietnam, 
and you'll learn that Brother Hanks 
is loved because he has shown 
his concern for their welfare. Many 
a quiet battle he has fought to 
bring peace to his fellowman. 
Many a courageous stand he's 
taken to insure fair judgment of a 
person or a problem. 

Marion D. Hanks was born 
October 13, 1921, in Salt Lake 
City to Stanley A. and Maude 
Frame Hanks. He married the 
former Maxine Christensen of 
Honolulu, Hawaii, in 1949, and 
they have five children. Their 
home has always been open to 
people in need of a place to stay, 
a place to be comforted, a place 
to be healed. Regardless of his 
race, religious belief, station, or 
problem in life, the stranger is 
warmly welcomed into their home. 

A desire to serve his Heavenly 
Father has been the motivating 
force of President Hanks' life. 
When just a young deacon, he be- 
gan staying up long past midnight 
to read the standard works. 

Though a fine athlete, he gave 
up a college athletic scholarship to 
serve the Lord as a missionary. He 




MARION D. HANKS 

of the First Council of the Seventy 



was graduated from the University of 
Utah Law School and has his juris doctor 
degree from that institution. But rather 
than practice law, he decided to teach 
institute and seminary classes. His Book of 
Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants 
classes, which he teaches at the University 
of Utah Institute of Religion, attract large 
crowds, often filling the institute chapel. 
In October 1953 he was called to serve in 
the First Council of the Seventy. President 
Hanks finds his greatest joy is to assist and 
encourage people in their search for en- 
lightenment and truth, and as editor of the 



Era of Youth, he has had a wide influence 
on the youth of the Church. 

Ask about Marion D. Hanks and the an- 
swers reflect the many facets of his person- 
ality and the depth of his contribution: 
"He listens. " "His conference talks are 
always so relevant." "I've noticed how com- 
fortable he seems among the greatest souls 
and the most brilliant minds." "Do you re- 
member this quote, T could tell where the 
lamplighter was by the trail he left be- 
hind'? Well, you can tell where Duff Hanks 
has been, too — people are better. He cares 
about people." 



58 



Improvement Era 




A. THEODORE TUTTLE 

of the First Council of the Seventy 



The mother of Elder A. Theodore Tiittle 
could not have know that when she 
insisted on her six-year-old son's memoriz- 
ing his Sunday School talks, she was prepar- 
ing him for speaking assignments that would 
carry his words around the world. But such 
was her faith in her only son that she often 
referred to him as a "child of promise," 
impressing upon him the need to be worthy 
for a life of service. 

Elder Tuttle was born March 2, 1919, at 
Manti, Utah, to Albert Mervin and Clarice 
Montez Beal. He developed an early repu- 
tation as an orator and debater, and during 



his school days in high school and at nearby 
Snow College he won the leads in plays and 
operettas and was a student leader. 

So close had been his relationship with 
his seminary teacher that when Elder Tuttle 
transferred to Brigham Young University 
after a Northern States mission, he de- 
cided to concentrate in religious education. 
His senior year was highlighted by his re- 
ceiving an award as outstanding student in 
religious education, and by his marriage on 
July 26, 1943, to Marne Whitaker. They are 
the parents of seven children. 

Shortly after marriage, he entered the 



Marines and served two and a half 
years as a line officer in the Pacific 
theater. He was the person who 
returned to the ship to obtain the 
American flag that was to be raised 
on Mt. Suribachi on Iwo Jima. The 
raising of the flag has been the 
subject of legends, sculptures, pic- 
tures, and even motion pictures. 

Returning home, he began teach- 
ing in the seminary system, serving 
in Utah and Idaho communities 
while he pursued his master of 
education degree at Stanford Uni- 
versity in the summers. After serv- 
ing as director of the institute of 
religion at Reno, Nevada, he was 
appointed in 1953 as supervisor of 
seminaries and institutes for the 
Church Schools. 

A colleague describes him as one 
blessed with the "unusual ability 
for administrative procedures, one 
who has the rare ability to stand 
back and look at a complete organi- 
zation and get the whole picture." 
Another longtime acquaintance 
has said, "His depth of scholarship 
and thoughtful reflection are 
greatly admired, as are his qualities 
of compassion and concern for 
others." 

On April 10, 1958, Elder Tuttle 
was called to the First Council of 
the Seventy. Three years later he 
was appointed president of the 
missions in South America, where 
he helped direct the growth of 
Church membership from 20,000 
to 40,000 in four years. Among his 
present assignments is supervising 
Spanish-speaking missions in North 
America. His lifelong love for 
teaching the gospel has indeed 
been recognized by the Lord. 
Elder Tuttle is a great educator in 
the Lord's kingdom. 



November 1967 




PAUL H. DUNN 

of the First Council of the Seventy 



To the frightened and wounded young 
soldier in a foxhole on the island of 
Guam during World War II, there came an 
overpowering desire to have answers to some 
serious questions. Death had wasted the 
lives of many of his companions, and there 
kept coming into his mind with recurring 
intensity the thoughts: Is there a God? Is 
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints the true church? In deep concern 
and fear. Elder Paul H. Dunn prayed with 
earnestness and humility. Of this experience 
he says, "Immediately there came into my 
soul a sweet spirit, a feeling of comfort, a 



feeling of assurance that God did exist and 
the Church of Jesus Christ was again on 
earth." 

Elder Dunn was born April 24, 1924, at 
Provo, Utah, to Joshua Harold and Geneva 
Roberts Dunn. He early developed a love 
for sports, and did so well in baseball that 
after playing on his high school team in 
Los Angeles, he signed a contract with the 
St. Louis Cardinals as a pitcher and was 
farmed out to the Pioneer and Pacific Coast 
leagues. The war interrupted his baseball 
career. 

Following the war, while again pitching 



under his Cardinal contract. Elder 
Dunn broke his collarbone. With 
his chances dim for full recovery, 
and a growing concern about Sun- 
day baseball, he turned to another 
field — education. 

Elder Dunn attended Chap- 
man College and graduated in 1953 
with a bachelor's degree in religion. 
The following year he received his 
master's degree from the University 
of Southern California. In the 
meantime he had converted, bap- 
tized, and married the Chapman 
College president's daughter, 
Jeanne Cheverton (they are the 
parents of three daughters) and had 
begun his career with the Church 
School System as a seminary 
teacher in Los Angeles. 

He served as southern California 
assistant coordinator of seminaries, 
then as director of the institute of 
religion adjacent to the University 
of Southern California. In 1959 he 
also received his doctorate in 
education from USC. He was 
serving as coordinator of all in- 
stitutes of religion in southern 
California when he was called 
to the First Council of the Seventy 
on April 6, 1964. 

President Dunn's experience in 
the educational programs of the 
Church has given him keen insights 
into the needs and concerns of 
contemporary youth and adults. 
He has written many lessons for 
use in the auxiliaries, drawing 
upon his own experiences and his 
knowledge of youth and their 
problems. These insights and his 
pleasant personality are valuable 
assets in his present assignments 
in the Church, which include serv- 
ing as international president of 
the LDS Student Association. 



60 



Improvement Era 




JOHN H. VANDENBERG 



Presiding Bishop 



In the late nineteenth century a band of 
devout immigrants from the Netherlands, 
converts to The Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints, boarded a ship at Rotter- 
dam to begin their journey to far-off Salt 
Lake Valley. Aboard the ship was hand- 
some young Dirk Vandenberg, who was soon 
attracted to Maria Alkema. Their romance 
blossomed, and after they arrived in Utah, 
they were married in the Salt Lake Endow- 
ment House. From this union came six 
children, including a son, John Henry, born 
December 18, 1904, who was to become 
the ninth Presiding Bishop of the Church 



in this dispensation. 

The Vandenbergs settled in Ogden, and 
Bishop Vandenberg later declared that per- 
haps the thing that influenced him most and 
set the pattern for his whole life was the 
example of love and service set by his 
parents. 

He decided early that accounting would 
be his life's work. He studied at Weber 
Academy and, through correspondence 
courses and additional study at night school, 
became proficient in business and finance. 
In 1925 he was called to serve a mission in 
the Netherlands. While there he served as 



mission secretary, and it was in 
the mission home in Rotterdam 
that he met a lovely Netherlands 
girl, Ariena Stok. She later emi- 
grated to Utah, and the couple 
were married in the Salt Lake 
Temple Jxme 18, 1930. They now 
have two daughters. 

Returning to Ogden, Bishop 
Vandenberg became associated 
with a livestock firm at the Ogden 
Union Stockyards. In 1940 he was 
transferred to Denver, where his 
interests also included textiles and 
ranching. He entered the audio- 
visual business in 1950. In 1955, 
he became vice chairman of the 
Church Building Committee, in 
charge of finances. 

Throughout his life Bishop 
Vandenberg has been completely 
devoted to the Church, serving 
willingly in every position to which 
he has been called — ward choir di- 
rector, elders quorum counselor, 
seventies quorum president, stake 
mission president. He was first 
counselor in the Denver Stake 
presidency and then second coun- 
selor in the Ensign Stake presi- 
dency, a position he held when, 
on September 30, 1961, he was 
sustained as Presiding Bishop. 

As Presiding Bishop, he is holder 
of the keys of presidency over the 
Aaronic Priesthood. Asked what 
advice he would give to young 
boys today, he replied, "Live close 
to your parents and heed their 
counsel." Bishop John Vandenberg 
knows whereof he speaks, for re- 
membering and following through 
the years the wise counsel and ex- 
ample of his immigrant parents 
has been one of the strongest moti- 
vating forces in his own life. 



November 1967 



61 



Bishop Robert L. Simpson pos- 
sesses an engaging smile, one 
that says, "I know something that 
can make you better, and I'm just 
seeking an opportunity to share it 
with you." 

Bishop Simpson was born August 
8, 1915, at Salt Lake City, the son 
of Heber C. and Lille C. Leatham 
Simpson. The family moved to 
southern California when he was 
five. After graduating from Santa 
Monica City College, he was 
called to serve in the New Zealand 
Mission; and in being set apart, 
on April 14, 1937, he was blessed 
"with a knowledge of the people 
amongst whom you will labor." 

During the second month of his 
mission he dreamed that he had 
returned home and found his 
family and the people of his ward 
all speaking the Maori tongue 
and that he could not understand 
a word they said. Awakening, he 
had two thoughts: he must put 
forth more effort to learn the 
language, and this knowledge of 
the language would be of value to 
him beyond the term of his mis- 
sion. He worked at it, and in a 
short time the promise of his bless- 
ing was fulfilled. 

When World War II began. 
Bishop Simpson was commissioned 
in the air force. Knowing that he 
might be assigned to a fighting 
front, he hoped it would be the 
South Seas, where he might again 
work with the Maori people. In- 
stead, his air force unit was sent to 
Egypt. Within 48 hours he had dis- 
covered that at an adjacent base 
was an entire Maori battalion from 
New Zealand. Many of the South 
Sea islanders were homesick, and 
they welcomed the leisure-time 




ROBERT L SIMPSON 

First Counselor in the Presiding Bishopric 



counsel in their own tongue that he was 
able to give. 

On June 24, 1942, he married in the 
Arizona Temple Jelaire Kathryn Chandler, 
a native of Ogden who, like himself, had 
grown up in southern California. They have 
two sons and a daughter. 

Bishop Simpson served as a member of the 
Inglewood (California) Stake high council, 
then as counselor in his ward bishopric, 
stake mission president, and stake YMMIA 
superintendent. His vocation for 20 years 
was with the Pacific Telephone Company. 

Many returned missionaries have a desire 



to return to their mission area with their 
families. For Robert Simpson, this came 
true, for he was set apart as president of 
the New Zealand Mission July 28, 1958. 
He saw a temple and a college dedicated 
and two stakes organized, all within the 
confines of the mission. 

He was called as first counselor in the 
Presiding Bishopric at the October 1961 
general conference. In this position he is 
concerned with the temporal affairs of the 
Church; he is concerned with youth; and 
his is concerned with people — all the people 
of the Church. 



62 



Improvement Era 



When he was nine years old, 
Victor L. Brown was taken, 
with his brother, to the Alberta 
Temple to be sealed to his par- 
ents. "I can still remember, just 
as distinctly as though it were 
yesterday, the meaning of that 
ordinance. It brought the greatest 
peace into my heart that any ex- 
perience has ever accomplished," 
he recalls. "On the appointed day 
I became very ill with a high 
fever. My parents considered 
postponing the appointment, but I 
pleaded with them not to delay one 
day. I wanted the assurance as a 
child that I would have my parents 
for time and all eternity." 

This experience as a youth set 
the stage for a lifetime of service 
and love for the Church for 
Bishop Victor L. Brown, who is 
today second counselor in the 
Presiding Bishopric. He was born 
July 31, 1914, at Cardston, Al- 
berta, Canada, a son of Gerald S. 
and Maggie Lee Brown and a 
nephew of President Hugh B. 
Brown. When he was 16 years old, 
the family moved to Salt Lake 
City, and he attended South High 
School, the University of Utah, 
and LDS Business College. He 
also studied at the University of 
California at Berkeley. In Novem- 
ber 1936 he was married to Lois 
Kjar, and they are the parents of 
five children. 

Bishop Brown's growth in the 
Church has been steady, his 
service including executive posi- 
tions in the priesthood quorums 
and auxiliaries, bishop of the Den- 
ver Fourth Ward, and counselor in 
the Denver Stake presidency, 
where his fellow counselor was 




VICTOR L. BROWN 

Second Counselor in the Presiding Bishopric 



the man with whom he was later to serve 
in the Presiding Bishopric — Bishop John 
H. Vandenberg. 

In 1940 he began working for United Air 
Lines and served for the next 21 years in 
supervisory and management capacities in 
Washington, D.C., Denver, and Chicago. 
He was assistant to the director of reserva- 
tions at Chicago when, in September 1961, 
he received a telephone call asking him if 
he could meet with President McKay in Salt 
Lake City early the next morning. 

In President McKay's private office, he re- 
calls, the Prophet's eyes penetrated deeply 



into his own as he was asked to serve as 
counselor in the Presiding Bishopric. "At 
that moment, this thought went through 
my mind: 'Only one greater could be asking 
me to serve, and that would be the Savior 
himself.' " 

Bishop Brown was sustained to his new 
calling on September 30, 1961, and set apart 
October 6, 1961. Among his new responsi- 
bilities and challenges has been establishing 
a translation, publication, and distribution 
organization for the Church, covering more 
than a dozen languages and spanning most 
of the mission areas of the world. 



November 1967 



63 





Fiftieth Anniversary 
of the Church Office Building 



The Church Administration Building, 
47 East South Temple, has been called 
one of the most beautiful office buildings 
in the world. But it is more than that. 
It is where the authorities of the Church 
have their offices and make many signifi- 
cant decisions that affect the entire 
Church membership. It is where many 
stake presidents and bishops come for 
counsel, and where members come, when 
so directed, to seek additional guidance. 
It is where missionaries come, in youth- 
ful eagerness, to the missionary depart- 
ment on the fourth floor. It is where 



President David O. McKay has greeted 
many leaders of the nation and the world. 

The cornerstone was laid in 1914, and 
the building was opened in 1917 during 
the administration of President Joseph F. 
Smith, sixth President of the Church. 
President Smith had his office there until 
his passing in November 1918. 

The building, built on land once be- 
longing to President Brigham Young, is 
directly west of the pioneer leader's two 
homes, the Beehive House and the Lion 
House. The exterior is granite, taken 
from the same area, some 25 miles south- 



east of the site, as the granite for the 
Salt Lake Temple. The building's grace- 
ful and pleasing architectural style is 
Grecian Ionic. Twenty-four Ionic col- 
umns form a colonnade around the build- 
ing, with heavy masses of masonry at 
each corner. A massive entablature, 
featuring many beautiful carvings, rests 
on the columns. 

The building, five stories high plus 
the basement, is rectangular in shape, 
measuring 101 feet 11 inches on the 
front side and 165 feet 3 inches in depth, 
with a height above the ground of 80 



64 



Improvement Era 



feet, A total of 4,517 granite stones 
make up the structure. The largest stone, 
which served as the cornerstone, is at the 
southwest corner and weighs eight tons. 
The entire weight of the stone work is 
6,205 tons. 

Across the main entrance at the south 
of the building are bronze grills, which 
slide into the wall when the building is 
open. Beyond these, a pair of solid bronze 
and plate glass doors, hung in a frame of 
the same bronze material, open into a 
spacious entry hall whose floor is of white 
marble and whose walls are of Utah 
golden travise marble. 

North of the entrance area is the main 
reception hall, which is also floored in 
marble, with 16 fluted monoliths made 
of golden travise marble. 

At the extreme north end of this floor 
is a room for the First Presidency that is 
beautifully finished in walnut and marble. 
Along the east wall is a fireplace with a 
mantel of white travertine. 

At the west side of the first floor is a 
board room where the General Authori- 
ties meet to discuss the affairs of the 
Church. This room, approximately the 
same size as the First Presidency's room, 
is characterized by a large Utah traver- 
tine mantel and fireplace with a marble 
hearth, reminiscent of the fact that an 
open fire was often needed in the days 
when the building was new. 

The private office of President David 
O. McKay is in the northeast corner of 
the first floor. In this office, President 
Joseph F. Smith, President Heber J. Grant, 
and President George Albert Smith each 
also labored with the decisions that the 



Prophet must make as he directs the 
Church and the kingdom here upon 
the earth. 

From the entry hall of the first floor, 
an exquisitely curved marble staircase 
leads to the offices of the members of 
the Council of the Twelve, the Patriarch 
to the Church, the Assistants to the 
Council of the Twelve, the First Coun- 
cil of the Seventy, the Presiding Bishop- 
ric, the Church Historian, and others. 

At general conference time, the build- 
ing literally overflows with members of 
the Church who find occasion to enter 
it. At other times, groups of seminary 
students and others may be found tour- 
ing the building and seeing for them- 
selves some of the historic records stored 
there. Tourists, who are always welcome, 
may receive a pamphlet stating that 
Utah marble and onyx and rare wood 
from parts of the United States, Hon- 
duras, Caucasiis (southeastern Russia), 
and elsewhere lend their beauty to the 
interior of the building. 

The address of the Church Adminis- 
tration Building — 47 East South Temple, 
Salt Lake City, Utah — has come to have 
much meaning for members of the 
Church. To a prospective missionary, 
an envelope bearing this return address 
is something to be anticipated with joy, 
to be read and reread until its contents 
are memorized, and then to be placed 
away among life's keepsakes. Third and 
even fourth generations of Church 
members are receiving direction and 
guidance that come from within this 
beautiful granite building as it begins 
its second half century of service. O 



November 1967 



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STORAGE PROGRAM 

ECONOMICALLY SOUNO? 




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AND SURPRISE! 

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For full information, write: 

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t.^>->(.^-i t.^-. t-^M.^«^rn.^^i^i<,^, i^v.^^(,^rK^ri 



^oci n£.U£.z aLoi-sd one. aab. but ^ 
y ne obznzd anoiket. 
V —UxUk lP'iou£,%b. 



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MORTUARY 



® 



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THOUGHT FOR THE MONTH 
CUT OUT & ADD TO YOUR COLLECTION 



65 



The Home 

Teacher and 

Understanding 

Human Nature 



H 



By Wilford D. Lee 

fome teaching to- 
day is one of the 
most challenging undertakings in the 
Church. However, many home teachers 
do not realize either the difficulty or 
the complexity of their work, because 
most of them do not recognize the per- 
sonal and social problems with which 
they must deal. As a result, many 
frustrated home teachers feel inade- 
quate and disoriented because they do 
not know how to proceed. 

The work of the home teacher falls 
into two general divisions — diagnosis 
and treatment. Each of these divisions 
contains difficulties which, unless the 
teacher understands them, make his 
teaching ineffective. Some failures 
stem from the fact that teachers are 
not acquainted with the laws that con- 
trol human behavior. 

Some of the ills that the teacher 
must diagnose are similar to the dis- 
abilities that confront the physician. 
Neither the physician nor the home 
teacher can proceed with successful 
treatment unless he knows what is 
wrong. When the patient is ill, the 
doctor subjects him to a series of tests. 
Having properly diagnosed the case, he 
proceeds with the treatment. The 
same is true with the home teacher. 
The point to remember is that neither 
the doctor nor the home teacher 
should attempt treatment until he is 



If home teachers had a knowledge 
of attitudes, there would be less 
"flying blind" and 

perfunctory visiting. 



sure of what causes the patient's 
symptoms. Thus, correct diagnosis is 
the first step. 

Although the home teacher is not 
usually a counselor who is trained to 
diagnose personality problems, he is 
not completely without tools. He has 
some effective strengths and resources 
that many trained counselors do not 
have. In the first place, he is endowed 
with the priesthood, an important facet 
of which is the gift of discernment. This 
gift, when used by a gifted and devoted 
teacher, is a remarkable instrument. To 
further help in the process of diagnosis, 
the home teacher can use honest and 
sincere friendship, deep love, and the 
other gifts of the Holy Ghost. 

Moreover, the home teacher would 
be more confident and less confused if 
he were aware of some of the principles 
of human behavior that he is attempt- 
ing to diagnose. Often the home 
teacher must "fly blind"; he hesitates 
before entering the home of an inactive 
member, wondering how to proceed. 
Or perhaps the home teacher, unable 
to understand the attitudes of the in- 
active family, goes into the home. 



makes a perfunctory visit, and hopes 
for the best. 

But the wise home teacher, under- 
standing what controls human behavior 
and working through the Spirit, will 
begin to explore the question, "What 
causes this person to be inactive?" 

By and large, people's actions are 
controlled by their desires. If their 
desires coincide with the principles and 
practices of the gospel, all is well and 
good. But often when people follow 
their desires, they find themselves act- 
ing contrary to the teachings of the 
gospel. Adults, as well as children, 
tend to do those things that they like 
to do and avoid doing those things 
that they dislike. While there are no- 
table exceptions to this rule, the home 
teacher would do well to study the 
likes and dislikes of each member of 
the inactive family. If he can discover 
what each family member does to ob- 
tain satisfaction, he may have a win- 
dow into his soul. 

In order to learn why a person acts 
as he does, the home teacher must 



AAelchizedek Priesthood 



66 




also study such inner urges as whom 
he loves, what are his ambitions and 
aspirations, what are his ideals, 'his 
hopes, and his dreams. Usually people 
do not act because of what they 
know; rather, they act because of how 
they feel. Thus, feelings, or the emo- 
tionally charged forces within them, 
stimulate and control action. These 
motivating forces are called attitudes. 
Many observers are convinced that all 
human actions are activated by atti- 
tudes. For this reason home teachers 
must develop a knowledge of attitudes 
— where they come from, how they 
develop, and especially how they can 
be changed if they are negative. 

One of the first things the home 
teacher should know is that while atti- 
tudes always contain some information, 
they are strongly emotional in nature; 
and it is the emotion, not the informa- 
tion, that causes the person to act. 



Thus, when an attitude is fully devel- 
oped, its emotional content is the sum 
total of all the feelings that the person 
experienced while it was developing. 
That is, attitudes develop as the result 
of one or a series of emotionally 
charged experiences. If the experiences 
were pleasant, the attitude will be 
pleasant and favorable, and the action 
that results will also be pleasant and 
favorable. On the other hand, if the 
experiences were unpleasant and un- 
favorable, the resulting attitude will 
also be unpleasant and unfavorable, 
and the actions or the refusal to act 
will be in accordance with the attitude. 
Thus, depending upon the pleasant- 
ness or unpleasantness of the ex- 
periences, two persons having the 
same information can have oppo- 
site attitudes. It is not the informa- 
tion that causes the person to act; 
it is the favorableness or unfavor- 
ableness of the attitude. Therefore, if 



Photo by Etdon Linschoten 




the home teacher is to bring about a 
change of behavior, he must first 
change the feeling. And in this con- 
nection, in diagnosing the person's 
attitudes, the home teacher must dis- 
cover how the person really feels. It 
may be that, for convention's sake, he 
will try to cover up his real attitudes; 
but careful observation of his un- 
guarded speech and actions will usually 
reveal his true feelings. 

The specialized attitudes that we call 
likes and dislikes are extremely impor- 
tant, because they control action. As 
long as a person likes good things and 
dislikes bad ones, all is well. It is only 
when a person learns to dislike good 
things and to like bad things that 
trouble begins. The home teacher has 
a real problem if he finds a member 
who has learned to dislike Sunday 
School, who does not support the 
Church authorities, and who has 
learned to like things that are bad for 
him. His difficulties are multiplied if 
these feelings have become fixed. It is 
not easy to change deeply imbedded 
likes and dislikes. 

Perhaps the best way to become ac- 
quainted with peoples' attitudes is to 
listen attentively. The home teacher 



67 



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68 



should not go into a home primarily to 
talk or to deliver a message; rather, he 
should listen to what the family mem- 
bers have to say. By intelligent ques- 
tioning, he can get them to talk about 
themselves and their experiences. In 
this way he can discover the feelings 
that have caused the person to become 
inactive. This knowledge will help him 
to formulate a program of treatment. 
Little by little, as he listens with per- 
ception and understanding, he will gain 
skill in diagnosis; and through his own 
experiences with people, he will become 
more sensitive to the personal and so- 
cial ills that may have caused a person 
to become indifferent to the Church. 
When the home teacher gains a per- 
son's confidence, that person will often 
reveal the innermost secrets of his 
heart. It is at this time that the most 
effective diagnosis can be made. 

What can the home teacher do once 
he has completed his diagnosis? Can 
attitudes really be changed? Of course 
they can! Every day people repent and 
alter their lives in conformity to gospel 
ideals. But it is not easy. However, 
here is a rule that will bring about the 
desired change if it is followed long 
enough and applied strongly enough: 
Since an attitude is developed by hav- 
ing an experience, it can be changed 
only by having a stronger, opposite 
experience. An attitude is changed by 
the application of a strong, contrasting 
feeling. A strong, positive feeling 
will erase and destroy a negative feel- 
ing. A good feeling, if it is applied 
long enough, will destroy a bad feeling. 
But these feelings must be applied in 
the form of experiences. What experi- 
ences can a home teacher create and 
apply to an inactive person so as to 
destroy his antagonistic attitudes? 

First, he can be a good friend. The 
emotional impact of real friendship is 
powerful, but any friendship is only as 
strong as the person who offers It. 
The home teacher who develops real 
friendship with an inactive person has a 
force working for him that is beyond 
price. Often friendship alone can 
work wonders in changing an inactive 
person's attitudes. 



improvement Era 



Second, the home teacher can apply 
love. In its purest form, love is the 
strongest force in the universe. How- 
ever, it takes a really great person to 
love in the way Jesus loved. A man's 
ability to help his fellowman by his love 
is limited only by his power to grow. 

The third and most powerful re- 
source available to the home teacher 
is the Spirit of God. If the home 
teacher is honest in his search for 
spirituality, and if he uses the gifts of 
the Holy Ghost to counteract bad atti- 
tudes, he will find that he greatly in- 
creases his ability to substitute good 
feelings for bad feelings. 

It is obvious, then, that every home 
teacher should become an expert on 
attitudes. He must not only learn to 
recognize both good and bad attitudes, 
but he must also discover their causes. 
Then he must create experiences that, 
when applied with friendship, love, and 
the Spirit of God, will bring about re- 
generation. Not until he has gained 
such knowledge and power will he be as 
effective a home teacher as he should 
be. If he hopes to succeed, he must 
act in accordance with the laws that 
control human behavior. 

"There is a law, irrevocably decreed 
in heaven before the foundations of 
this world, upon which all blessings are 
predicated — 

"And when we obtain any blessing 
from God, it is by obedience to that law 
upon which it is predicated." (D&C 
130:20-21.) 

The most effective home teacher is 
the one who studies carefully the laws 
that control human behavior. By de- 
veloping skill in the application of these 
laws, he can influence for good those 
families assigned to him. 

But every home teacher should be 
warned: do not weary in well doing. 
The man who has spent 40 years de- 
veloping bad attitudes, whose likes and 
dislikes are contrary to the principles 
of the gospel, is not likely to change 
overnight. Probably, his regeneration 
will be long and painful. Nevertheless, 
now is the time to start. If a teacher 
truly loves his brother as himself, he 
can do no less. O 



November .1967 



i: 



LTV ELECTROSYSTEMS, INC. 

Memcor Montek Operation 

2268 South 3270 West 
Salt Lake City, Utah 

has openings for qualified personnel in the following job classifications: 

• PROJECT ENGINEERS 

BSEE or other bachelors degree with suitable experience in electronic design. 
Must have demonstrated capability in solid-state circuit design and must be 
prepared to assume responsibility for an entire project from proposal through 
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integrated circuits and/or experience in navigational aids such as TACAN is espe- 
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• DESIGN ENGINEERS 

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design. Familiar with discrete solid-state and/or integrated circuit techniques. Will 
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• JR. & SR. INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERS 

BSEE, Physics, or Equivalent. Minimum three years' experience in design and 
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• SENIOR PUBLICATIONS ENGINEER 

Requires a minimum of 5 years' experience in the preparation of military technical 
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SHIPS 94500 and be capable of generating written text from engineering draw- 
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• TECHNICAL WRITER 

Requires experience in the preparation of technical reports and instruction 
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BSIE or equivalent. Three to five years' experience in facilities and tooling 
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UNIQUE OPPORTUNITY TO JOIN RAPIDLY EXPANDING AND 
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Advanced degree and/or greater experience will result in more 
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ALL QUALIFIED APPLICANTS SEND RESUMES TO 
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P. O. BOX 11607 — SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 

An Equal Opportunity Employer 



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Sunshine & Shadows 

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INTERMOUNTAIN'S LARGEST DIAMOND DEALER 



The Improvement Era is an ideal Christmas gift for family and 
friends. Give the gift of lasting value, The Improvement Era. 



69 



LEARN IN THE 
LAND OF ZION 



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70 




Moment 

By Orma Wallengren 

He came to drink. 
Each step so slight 

No twig gave sign. 

And in one blink 

Of wooded light 

His eyes caught mine; 

And all, I think. 
In that one sight 
Beneath the pine 

Did silent link 
The day and night: 
His world and mine. 

We bridged a stream 
With eyes that held the dawn; 
Then, lifting velvet antlers. 
He was gone. 



Improvement Era 




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How^ many manuals should the organ 

in your church have ? 



It depends on what your church is like. And 
who your organist is. And what kind of a 
music program you have or want for your 
church. 

But more than all that, it depends on the 
basic design of the organ itself. For it is not 
the number of manuals per organ that really 
counts, but the amount of organ per manual. 

Are the stops unified, or is each independ- 
ently voiced? How many stops are there? What 
do the stops really do? Is the Diapason Chorus 
complete through Mixtures? Is the Pedal Divi- 
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the manuals? Does the organ have standard 

November 1967 



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Bald^vin 



controls? If the organ is entirely under expres- 
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Is the Combination Action complete and flex- 
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These questions are just as important as 
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larger one. 

We're quite proud of the design of our 
Baldwin Organs. And of the way they sound. 
For information on any of them, just write: 
Baldwin, Dept. IE 1 1-67, Cincinnati, O, 45202. 

71 




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72 



Liberty for All 



By Li Nielsdatter 



/ 



iX, 



V 



• When Grandma Zaphras arrived 
from Greece back in 1950, I 
met her in New York at Idlewild 
Airport. 

"Be sure to treat her to dinner 
before her flight west," Mother 
had written from Oregon. But 
Grandma— or Yiayia, as we called 
her— had other plans. No sooner 
had the customs man inspected her 
modest valise than she turned to 
me, smiling. 

"Now I'll see the Statue of Lib- 
erty," she said. 

"But your dinner . . ." 

Yiayia's wrinkled chin sharpened 
between the folds of her black 
shawl. She stood her ground. 
"Food can wait. Liberty cannot." 

So I changed her ticket and 
wired home, then hustled her 
through the city and on to the 
ferry toward Bedloe Island. Yiayia 
never flinched. But when we stood 
looking up at the statue, her pep- 
pery eyes turned moist. 

"Eleftheria," she said. Tears 
flowed down the old face, and her 
rolling village dialect made the 
words ring. "Liberty— oh, my 
Liberty!" 

I waited before I said, "Maybe 
we ought to go inside." 

"Inside? And for what, I ask? 
Inside we see nothing!" Her anger 
lashed out unexpectedly. Then she 
smiled again. "Out here we see 
Liberty." 

"Would you like a picture of it?" 

Her face was as strong, as proud 
as the statue's own, yet very much 
alive. "Liberty doesn't live on 
paper. Only in a heart. Do you 
understand?" 

When I finally led her away, she 
turned to look back once more. 
"Efharisto," she said, but to the 
statue and not to me. "Thank you, 
thank you." O 



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On the next festive occasion let your family enjoy 
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73 



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Here's an idea! Give Tiie Improvement Era this Cliristmas. 



The Church 
Moves On 



August 1967 



Q] 



74 



Long Island Stake was created 
from parts of New York Stake by 
Elder Harold B. Lee of the Council of 
the Twelve and Elder EIRay L. Chris- 
tiansen, Assistant to the Council of the 
Twelve. Gordon E. Crandall was sus- 
tained as president with David D. Paine 
and Charles E. Neaman as counselors. 
Long Island Stake is the 439th now 
functioning. Elder Parley P. Pratt 
brought the gospel to New York City 
in July 1837. New York Stake was 
organized December 9, 1934. 

George E. Watkins was sustained as 
president of New York Stake with Victor 
B. Jex and Harold D. Clawson as 
counselors. 

Beginning this morning at 7:30, 96 
teams began competition in the 
annual all-Church softball tournament. 
Members of the Salt Lake Tabernacle 
Choir departed from the Salt Lake Air- 
port for a whirlwind tour that would 
take them to Expo 67 at Montreal, 
Canada. Tonight the choir sang in con- 
cert at Omaha, as part of Nebraska's 
statehood centennial, and received a 
standing ovation. 

The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir 
gave the first of two evening con- 
certs in the Theatre Maisonneuve at 
Expo 67, Montreal, Canada. The hall 
was packed to capacity and reviewers 
termed the performance "majestic." 

lAnother well-received concert was 
I presented by members of the Tab- 
ernacle Choir at Montreal this evening. 
The first of several shipments of sup- 
plies from the Church Welfare Program 
left Salt Lake City by air to be used 
in flood-stricken Fairbanks, Alaska. 

'The Tabernacle Choir presented a 
I concert before 25,000 to 35,000 
enthusiastic listeners at Narragansett 
Park, Pawtucket, Rhode Island. 



Improvement Era 



Salinas (California) Ward won the 
all-Church junior fast-pitch softball 
title by defeating Chandler (Arizona) 
1st Ward, 5-2. Monument Park 5th 
Ward of Salt Lake City won the all- 
Church senior fast-pitch title in their 
game with Chandler (Arizona) 2nd 
Ward, 4-2. 

I President David 0. McKay an- 
Inounced sites for the Ogden and 
Provo temples: Tabernacle Square in 
downtown Ogden, and Church-owned 
property northeast of the Brigham 
Young University campus in Provo, 
bounded by 2320 North and Rock Can- 
yon Road, extending from about 800 to 
1200 East. 

The Tabernacle Choir sang at 
Chautauqua, New York. 

Kearns (Utah) 4th Ward took the 
extra-inning championship all-Church 
junior slow-ball softball game from 
Midvale (Utah) 3rd Ward, 2-1. Price 
(Utah) 5th Ward outplayed Provo 
(Utah) 6th Ward in the senior slow- 
pitch game, 17-5. 

The Tabernacle Choir joined the 
IPhiladelphia Orchestra and its con- 1 
ductor Eugene Ormandy at Saratoga ' 
Springs, New York, for a performance 
of Brahms' Requiem. 

IOIympia Stake was organized from 
portions of Puget Sound (Wash- 
ington) Stake, with Herbert Springer 
Anderson sustained as president and 
Leslie W. Gilbert and Robert G. Davey 
as counselors. The stake was orga- 
nized under the direction of Elder 
LeGrand Richards of the Council of the 
Twelve and Elder Alma Sonne, Assistant 
to the Twelve. 

LuDene P. Snow was sustained as 
president of Puget Sound Stake with 
Walter Behring and James M. Green- 
halgh as counselors. 

Palm Springs Stake was organized 
from the Palm Springs District of the 
California South Mission, with Quinten 
Hunsaker as president and John H. 
Lake and Charles Ronald Green as 



November 1967 



Wish everyone "Merry Christmas" 

with a gift from our exciting, 
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Mail orders filled. Inquiries for other 
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The Improvement Era 

with an 

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$2.50 

The Improvement Era 

79 South State Street 

Salt Lake City, Utah 84111 



75 



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Here's an idea! Give The Improvement Era this Christmas. 



76 



counselors. This stake was organized 
under the direction of Elder Howard W. 
Hunter of the Council of the Twelve and 
Elder William J. Critchlow, Jr., Assistant 
to the Council of the Twelve. The two 
new stakes bring the total now func- 
tioning to 441. 

Thomas Leonard Hall was sustained 
as president of Riverside (Salt Lake 
City) Stake, succeeding Robert L. 
Bridge, deceased. Counselors are 
Floyd Hill Gowans and Lowell Lavar 
Leishman. 

The Tabernacle Choir joined the 
Philadelphia Orchestra and guest solo- 
ists to present Messiah, with Eugene 
Ormandy directing, at the Saratoga 
Performing Arts Center. 



Q] 



Detroit, Michigan, music-lovers 
played hosts to the Salt Lake Tab- 
ernacle Choir this evening as the 
Choir's tour continued. 



^ 



Tulsa, Oklahoma, was the scene of 
I tonight's Salt Lake Tabernacle 
Choir concert. An estimated 9,000 
persons were in attendance. 



EQ 



Shortly after midnight members of 
I the Tabernacle Choir returned to 
Salt Lake City from their nine-day, 
6,300-mile, ten-concert tour. 



Promised Valley, the musical de- 
picting the pioneers coming to the 
Salt Lake Valley, closed for the season 
after a two-month run in the Temple 
View outdoor theater. It is estimated 
that 147,000 persons saw the perform- 
ances this summer. 



September 1967 



□ 



President David 0. McKay spent 
a quiet day in Huntsville on the 
94th anniversary of his birth. Here, on 
the farm where he was born, and sur- 
rounded by his family, he received 
thousands of congratulatory messages. 



improvement Era 



This evening a half-hour program on 
KSL-TV featured the life of the 
President. 

Norman H. Bangerter was sus- 
Itained as president of Granger 
(Salt Lake County) Stake with Maurice 
M. Harmon and Wesley P. Thompson, 
Jr., as counselors. 

El Monte Stake, the 442nd now 
[functioning, was organized from 
parts of West Covina (California) Stake 
by Elder Delbert L. Stapley of the 
Council of the Twelve and Patriarch 
Eldred G. Smith. James C. Brown was 
sustained as stake president with 
Richard E. Miner and Mayo W. Smith 
as counselors. 

This was the annual David 0. 
I McKay Day in Ogden and Weber 
County, Utah. Speakers at a meeting 
in the Ogden Tabernacle included Elder 
Ezra Taft Benson of the Council of the 
Twelve. Representing the family was 
President McKay's son, David Lawrence 
McKay, general superintendent of the 
Sunday School. 

Fort Worth (Texas) Stake was 
organized from parts of Dallas Stake by 
Elder Harold B. Lee of the Council of 
the Twelve and Elder Theodore M. 
Burton, Assistant to the Twelve. John 
Kelley, Jr., was sustained as president 
of this, the 443rd stake, v^ith John W. 
Porter and Mark R. Berrett as coun- 
selors. 



LPS GIFTS/ JEWELRY AND AWARDS 



m 



I The first Italian branch in Rome 
I was organized, with Elder John 
Abner, a missionary, as president. 
Counselors are Robert Bollingbroke 
and Irnerio Maffi. Rome was opened 
to missionary work in January, 1967; 
87 persons have been baptized since 
the Italian Mission was organized in 
August 1966. 

I The annual conference of the Re- 
lief Society convened at 9:30 this 
morning in the Tabernacle. 



November 1967 




The 13 Articles of Faith engraved on attractive 
gold plated scrolls. Gift boxed, an ideal gift $1,50 




77 



The LDS Scene 







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National Rugby Champions 

The Seasiders of the Church College 
of Hawaii have been selected as the 1967 
U.S. national rugby champions in the 
first national rugby poll ranking, which 
included 264 teams. 
The Seasiders' record last year was an 
unbeaten string of 13 victories, 
including well-publicized defeats of four 



highly ranked Southern California teams: 
Occidental, Loyola, UCLA, and Los 
Angeles Rugby Club. Coach Pene Ruruku 
forecasts an even stronger team this 
year. Most team members are from widely 
scattered Pacific islands. Out of 15 
starting players, 12 have been 
through the temple. 



Scholarly Journal 
editor named 

Dr. Charles D. Tate, Jr., 
assistant professor of 
English at Brigham Young 
University, has been 
appointed editor of Brigham 
Young University Studies, 
quarterly scholarly journal 




Financial 
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78 



Innprovement Era 



for Latter-day Saints. 
The autumn issue features 
topics on "iVlormonism 
and the Germans," "The 
Origin, Structure, and 
Evolution of the Stars," 
"Vietnam, the different 
War," and "The New 
Morality." Though the 
journal is sponsored by BYU, 
manuscripts are welcomed 
from all sources. The 
editorial board consists 
of experts from several 
universities. 



George R. Hill 
YMMIA Assistant 

George Richard Hill has 
been appointed second 
assistant in the general 




superintendency of the 
Young Men's Mutual 
Improvement Association. 
Brother Hill, dean of the 
college of mines and 
mineral industries at the 
University of Utah, suc- 
ceeds Elder Carl W. 
Buehner, who has been 
called to be a Regional Rep- 
resentative of the Twelve. 



Superintendent Smith Honored 

General Superintendent G. Carlos Smith, Jr., of the 
Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association holds a 
citation presented to him by the Los Angeles City Council 
for his "outstanding spiritual and temporal leadership 
and for his devotion and great contribution to the 
youth of this city, our state, our nation, and the world. . . ." 
City Councilman Robert M. Wilkinson, left, presented 
the commendation at an Explorer leadership conference 
held in Los Angeles. 



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November 1967 




Today's Family 



By Florence B. Pinnock 



Thanks for 
the Memory 



W 



e are what we 
are now doing, 
plus what we have done that has 
sHpped into memories. This is a 
strange combination, because what 
we are now doing changes instantly 
into the memory category, and we 
step into new action. Memories 
stack up one upon another as the 
years pass, until late in life the 
"now" action comes to a near halt 
and the memories take over. But 
in the in-between years there is a 
balance. Memories are important, 
but they will never compare with 
the "now" action. Potent memories, 
nevertheless, constantly guide our 
actions. 

Looking back to the very first 
glimpse of you, what do you see? 
I remember being in my aunt's 
arms as she walked down a narrow 
boardwalk to the end of the garden. 
As she carried me, I was screaming 
at the top of my lungs. A new 
baby had just been born in our 
home, and I wanted to be present. 
This aunt kept telling me that if I'd 
be quiet she would take me to the 
house, and I kept crying to her, "If 
you'll take me to the new baby, 
I'll be quiet." The memory ends 
there, and to this day I don't know 
who won the battle, but this really 
is the beginning of me in my mind's 



eye today. This minute other 
memories are crowding. Some are 
happy and warm and gay, and 
others are made of stronger ma- 
terials but are rewarding. 

I can remember parents, kind 
and understanding and always 
proud when I did my best. They 
kept telling me that the only per- 
son I had to compete with was 
myself. I was always to do better 
today than I did yesterday. This 
memory of them has many times 
made me stand tall when I really 
wanted to run and hide. Then 
there are memories of a father 
and mother trying so hard to do 
their best that we children could 
not let them down. There was the 
time a block was thrown and a 
hand ready to hit, and a parent's 
voice said, "In our family we do 
not hit anyone; we're bigger and 
stronger and smarter than that. 
There are other ways to convince." 

Tradition is a memory builder. 
Someone recently said, "This 
generation does not believe in tra- 
dition. It wants new ways to do 
things, new thoughts, and new ac- 
tions." The young people I know 
prove this false. Maybe they want 
longer hair and purple Christmas 
trees, but stepping out from their 
desires come the words: "Our 
family always does. . . ." These 
traditions have many facets. For 
instance, one family always goes 
to grandma's and grandpa's home 



early on Halloween evenin^all 
dressed in their eerie costumes. 
There they have supper and are 
then on their way to ring bells and 
knock on neighbors' doors. An- 
other family never fails to meet in 
a friendly garden early on the 
Fourth of July. There they have a 
trout breakfast combined with a 
togetherness that colors the entire 
summer. 

Then, of course, through the 
years families have other wonder- 
ful memories of prayers around 
the breakfast and dinner tables, of 
meeting together to gain strength 
from each other as problems arise, 
and of praying together when a 
family member is about to leave on 
a journey. 

Words also form memories, such 
as: "Remember who you are," said 
by parents as their sons and daugh- 
ters go on dates, or "Have a happy 
day." These cheerful words from 
mother as each leaves for school 
or work always seem to start the 
day off just right. 

Food as a tradition enters the 
picture, and memories are made of 
crusty bread biscuits and chili on 
the first snowy winter night, pink 
divinity in a heart-shaped satin box 
centering the dinner table on 
Valentine's Day, Yorkshire pudding 
making the Sunday dinner delec- 
table, homemade caramels and 
pecan rolls as a holiday treat, Sun- 
day evening gatherings around an 
ice cream freezer. And so families 
go on and on from taste buds to 
memory lane. 

Material things are also stacked 
up in memory's image : books given 
as prizes and rewards, for helping 
in the home, colorfuL/new dresses 
on Christmas morniiig, a little 
money and a great ^eal of elbow 
grease spent to make the big 
room downstairs attractive and 
fun to bring dates home to, trees 
to climb, ropes to jump, fences to 
walk, and games to play— all en- 
rich memories. 



80 



Improvement Era 



'^f^' 





Each minute holds memories to 
make rich the future moments. As 
we are giving thanks this Novem- 
ber, let's include a thanks for our 
memories. 



iHiiP' 



Hard, dry crumbs add body when added 
to dips. Use only a small amount. 

Especially during the Thanksgiving and 
Christmas seasons, stale bread reaches 
its peak of popularity. It seems that 



EVERY CRUMB COUNTS 





Do you find yourself throwing 
away stale bread? Small children 
often discard their crusts, toast is 
left over at breakfast time, and 
bread becomes stale when not 
stored correctly or when not used 
up quickly. The result is waste, 
and there is a remedy for this. 
Every crumb can be used for 
nourishment in some way. Stale 
white, whole wheat, rye, and com 
bread can be used in a variety of 
dishes— some in the form of soft 
bread crumbs, others as finely 
ground hard crumbs, still others as 
slices or cubes of bread. Play a 
gaine of discovering new ways to 
use up stale bread. 

Suggestions to Use Every Crumb 

store all leftover semi-soft bread in a 
cool, dry, clean place. Do not use an 
air-tight container, or mold will form. 

Soft crumbs may be kept in a perfo- 
rated plastic bag in the refrigerator. 

Fine, hard bread crumbs are best 
stored in the refrigerator in a jar with a 
lid. To make these crumbs, use bread 
that "has dried out in a warm oven or 
in a dry open place. Break one slice at 
a time into the electric blender and it 
will crumb immediately, or grind the 
hard, crisp bread in the food grinder, 
or drop slices of bread in a plastic 
bag and crush with the rolling pin. 

Bread crumbs act as thickeners when 
added to casseroles or gravies. 



Illustrated by Dale Kilbourn 



"In our family 
we do not hit anyone; 

we're bigger and 

stronger and snnarter 

than that." 



there are never enough soft or hard 
bread crumbs to make all the dressing 
needed to fill the turkeys. Start sav- 
ing bread weeks in advance. 

Crumbs are a popular topping for cas- 
seroles. Always mix them with melted 
butter and seasonings before sprinkling 
them over the casserole. 

Nothing has been found that is better 
to coat meats, fish, and poultry than 
seasoned bread crumbs. Season with 
paprika, pepper, parsley, onion salt, 
minced green onions, garlic salt, nut- 
meg, cinnamon, cloves, sage, oregano, 
etc. 

Croquettes are made easier to handle 
for baking and frying if they are rolled 
in crisp, seasoned bread crumbs. 

Crumbs are a binder, filler, and ex- 
tender when used in meat loaves, meat 
balls, etc. — >- 




November 1967 



81 








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Bread crumbs can take the place of 
part of the flour in griddle cakes, 
cookies, and cakes. The crumbs seem 
to add to the lightness of the finished 
product. 

Try adding a few crisp crumbs to brown 
sugar, nuts, and butter to use as a 
topping for muffins, breakfast cakes, 
and fruit crisp desserts. 

Make croutons from stale bread and 
and fish. Trim crusts from 2- or 3-day- 
old white bread. Cut each slice into Vs" 
inch cubes. Saute in melted butter 
until golden brown on all sides, or 
butter and toast in a 250° F. oven 
until brown. 



Bread Crumb Cooking 



Crumb Griddlecakes 

(Very light with 
texture) 



a delightful 



82 



lYz cups scalded milk 

3 tablespoons melted butter 
IVz cups fine dry bread crumbs 

2 eggs, well beaten 
14 cup flour 
V2 teaspoon salt 

4 teaspoons baking powder 

Soak the crumbs in the milk and but- 
ter until soft; add the other ingredients 
and mix lightly. Bake on hot griddle. 

Day-After Croquettes 

(5 servings) 

3 tablespoons butter 

6 tablespoons flour 

1 cup hot milk 

1 egg yolk 

1 tablespoon minced onion 

1 teaspoon salt 

1 teaspoon lemon juice 

2 cups finely diced turkey 
1 cup dry bread crumbs 

1 egg 

salad oil or melted shortening 

Melt the butter and blend in the flour. 
Gradually add the milk and cook until 
very thick, stirring. Take from heat and 
stir in the egg yolk. Return to heat and 
cook, stirring, about 1 minute. Add the 
seasonings and turkey; spread the mix- 
ture in a shallow pan and refrigerate 
at least 2 hours. Form into croquettes 
and roll in crumbs. Chill again. Beat 
the egg with 3 tablespoons water. Dip 
the croquettes into egg; roll again in 
crumbs and chill well. Deep fry in 
300° F. shortening or salad oil until 
golden brown. Drain on paper towels. 
Serve with a sauce made of one can 
of cream of mushroom soup and V2 cup 
milk, seasoned with pepper and a dash 
of sage. 



Herb Chicken 

(5 servings) 

1 can condensed cream of mushroom 
soup 

% cup milk 

1 tablespoon minced onion 

1 tablespoon minced parsley 

1 teaspoon paprika 

2 pounds chicken parts 

1 cup fine dry bread crumbs 
Yz teaspoon poultry seasoning 
V2 teaspoon salt 

2 tablespoons melted butter 
1 teaspoon lemon juice 

Mix V3 cup soup, Vi cup milk, onion, 
parsley, and paprika. Dip chicken in 
the soup mixture, then roll in a mix- 
ture of the dry bread crumbs, poultry 
seasoning, and salt. Place in shallow 
baking dish. Pour butter on chicken. 
Bake at 400° F. for 1 hour. Combine 
remaining soup, milk, and the lemon 
juice and heat. Stir. Serve over hot 
chicken. 

Family Casserole 

(6 servings) 

14 pound chipped beef 
1 cup diced celery 

1 cup finely diced onion 

2 tablespoons shortening 
2 tablespoons flour 

2 cups milk 
14 teaspoon pepper 
2/3 cup grated American cheese 

1 cup chopped ripe olives 

2 ounces wide egg noodles, cooked, 

drained, and seasoned 
% cup soft bread crumbs 
2 tablespoons melted butter 

Cut the chipped beef into small pieces. 
Cook celery and onion in the shortening 
until tender. Stir in flour. Add the 
milk and cook, stirring constantly, until 
thickened. Add the pepper. Remove 
from heat. Add the cheese and stir 
until melted. Add the dried beef and 
olives. Combine with noodles and pour 
into a greased 2-quart casserole. Mix 
crumbs and butter and sprinkle over 
the mixture. Bake in a 350° F. oven 
for 20 to 30 minutes. 

Supper Eggs 

(3 servings) 

1 cup whole milk 

1 cup cream 

1 teaspoon onion salt 
Dash cayenne, Tabasco, paprika 

6 eggs 

14 cup fine dry buttered crumbs 
2/3 cup grated American or Parmesan 
cheese 

Heat the cream and milk over low 
heat; add the seasonings. When mix- 
ture is hot, break each egg, one at a 
time, in a saucer and slip carefully 
into the mixture. As the eggs begin 
to set, sprinkle the crumbs and cheese 



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TEMPLES i ^ 

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Of perpetual interest 
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Temples 

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Selections from the finest articles and pictures appearing in the Era over 

a number of years, including: 

• Full-page, full-color pictures of all 
exist'mg temples 

• Numerous four-color pictures of 
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• The Purpose of Temples — Presider)t 
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over them. Keep dipping the sauce 
over the eggs until they are firmly set. 
Serve on toasted English muffins. 

Breaded Pork Cutlets 

(4 servings) 

1 pound lean loin pork cutlets 

1 egg, slightly beaten 

% cup dry bread crumbs 
Y2 teaspoon poultry seasoning 
Ys teaspoon salt 
Yk teaspoon pepper 

2 tablespoons salad oil 

1 can condensed cream of mushroom 
soup 
Y2 soup can milk 

Pound the cutlets very thin. Dip each 
one Into egg, then into a mixture of 
the crumbs and seasonings. Heat the 
oil in skillet. Saute the cutlets over 
medium heat until golden on both 
sides. Combine soup and milk and add 
to cutlets. Reduce heat, simmer gently 
covered for 20 to 30 minutes. Serve 
with the sauce. 

Sunny Pudding 

(6 servings) 

2Y2 cups ly^-inch stale bread cubes 
2 cups milk 
^3 cup sugar 
2 eggs, slightly beaten 
Dash of salt and nutmeg 

1 lemon — ^juice and grated rind 
Y2 teaspoon lemon extract 
5 tablespoons melted butter 
14 cup coconut 

Soak the bread in the milk for about 
one-half hour. Combine remaining in- 
gredients and mix with bread cubes. 
Bake in a buttered casserole set in a 
shallow pan of water at 350° F. for 
about 45 minutes. Serve warm with 
whipped cream. 

Top Stove Pudding 

(6 servings) 

^Yz slices stale white bread 

1 tablespoon butter 
1% cups light brown sugar, packed 
firmly 

4 eggs 
IY2 cups evaporated milk 
Dash salt 

1 teaspoon vanilla 

Trim crusts from bread and spread 
bread with butter. Cut Into V^-inch 
squares. Butter top section of double 
boiler. Pour in brown sugar; add bread 
cubes. Beat eggs and add remaining 
ingredients, and then pour over the 
bread cubes; don't stir. Cover and 
cook over boiling water about 1 hour 
or until silver knife Inserted in center 
comes out clean. Add water to bottom 
of double boiler when needed. Serve 
warm with the butterscotch sauce from 
the bottom of pudding poured over. 
Garnish with chopped nuts. O 



Improvement Era 




IN 
GRAPHIC 




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: • OLYMPICS • 
MEXICO CITY 

Anyone interested in going to the 
Mexico City 1968 Olympics will 
be pleased to know that there 
will be housing available at a very 
economical rate. Fifty cottages 
with four bedrooms each (four 
beds to each bedroom, are avail- 
able on a reservation basis to 
those individuals who maintain 

LDS Standards 

5« Inasmuch as housing will be criti- 
■J cal during the Olympics, those 
"■ desiring reservations should make 
5; application without delay, enclos- 
ing a deposit of $25.00. 



■j 



October 12 

to 

October 27 



• Rates • 

Rates will be $6.50 per person 
for housing per day, which will 
include breakfast each morning. 
There will be bus service for 
$1.50 per day from the residences 
at El Arbolillo to the main Olympic 
events. 

• Bus Service • 

Centro Escolar Benemerito 

Attn. Olympics Committee 

Apartado Postal 14-181 



i 



Mexico 14, D. F. 



Mexico 



86 



These Times 



By Dr. G. Homer Durham 

President, Arizona State University 

Morals 

and Politics in 

International 

Life 



immanuel Kant 
(1724-1804) pos- 
ited a "universal rule" of "right 
behavior" based on the Christian 
ethic. Men, he said, should treat 
humanity "in every case as an end 
withal, never as a means only." 
Civil society should be based on 
"the liberty of every member of 
the society. . . ," 

We refer to this doctrine in 
everyday speech as human dignity, 
the golden rule, the moral law, the 
categorical imperative, and so forth. 
Kant felt the "rule" constituted a 
"spontaneous rule of action" for all 




men. Alas, it is not, even in 
western Christianity, Hellenism, 
and Judaism, whence Kant derived 
his inspiration, Rather, "power 
politics," the use of force (or the 
threat of its use ) , is the means em- 
ployed in world affairs, 

American foreign policy is often 
encased and expressed in Kantian 
terms. Viewing the world as an 
organized system of states, Ameri- 
cans expect other nations, all too 
often, to behave in terms of Kant's 
categorical imperatives, to spon- 
taneously seek to uphold human 
dignity and liberty. It is a long 
road to such ends. In an address 
to the United Nations September 
25, 1961, President John F. Ken- 
nedy said: "My country favors a 
world of free and equal states." 
Woodrow Wilson made popular 
the phrase "self-determination of 
peoples." Both expressions under- 
lie America's justification for being 
in Korea and South Vietnam— to 
help the South Koreans and the 
South Vietnamese maintain "their 
liberty and freedom." But the 
world of free and equal states is 
not yet. 

In domestic politics, Americans 
generally pay hp service to the 
ideals of Kantian doctrine. There 
are woeful exceptions. But as 
pragmatists and idealists, Ameri- 
cans extol the politics of peaceful 



Although Communism will pass, 
totalitarian states will not 

disappear soon, the author claims. 



Improvement Era 



adjustment. They regard obtaining 
agreement as high civic virtue, and 
compromise as the essence of 
poHtical skill. 

In foreign affairs Americans can 
attain some degree of rational 
compromise in dealing with na- 
tions that have the same accul- 
turation. Others see only the 
alternative of recognizing Ameri- 
can power as the necessity for 
compromise. Despite systems and 
regimes that glorify human dignity 
as an end in itself, the world con- 
tinues to operate on the principles 
of power politics or force. 

Communist states are a 20th 
century version of such states. Com- 
munism will eventually take its 
place with all the other heresies 
that have arisen in the past. But 
the problem— and totalitarian states 
—will not disappear soon. New 
heresies will arise, backed by 
weapons, armies, force, economic 
power, and powerful states for 
support. 

The thing that has made con- 
temporary Communism a real 
threat is the existence of Russian 
power and Chinese power. A situ- 
ation that makes for hope in the 
world is that Russian power and 
Chinese power have tended to be 
divided and tend to confront each 
other. This pluralism in the Com- 
munist camp, rather than mono- 
lithic and centralized unity, has 
been a real blessing. The fact that 
France, led by a devout Catholic 
general, does not confuse morals 
and politics internationally, but 
uses French power and influence to 
further intercede between Kantian 
westerners and eastern Marxists, 
has, on occasion, also been a tacti- 
cal, if not a strategic, blessing. 

The statesmen and politicians of 
the world, no matter what the 
domestic political situation, tend 
to be practical men. Stalin's re- 
puted query about the Pope, "How 
many divisions has he?" illustrates 
this, as did the Cuban missile 
crisis, and as has President Charles 



November 1967 



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TheERA^ 
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guests, gifts: 

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Send $2.00 to 

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Also "Qjiz-ettes" — 300 Flash Cards 
on LPS Church history — $3.00 



Here's an idea! 

Give The Improvement Era 

this Christmas. 



87 



CJ\ow GjvauaDLe . . . 

Volume 1 of 
C^ke Jjook of JnormoYL 
On l^mn(j (yoior I I 



PROMISED LAND PUBLICATIONS. INC. introduces a new fully illus- 
trated, multi-colored, pictorial reconstruction of the historical record 
called The Book of Mormon. It is presented in several volumes and 
is entitled "ILLUSTRATED STORIES from the BOOK OF MOR- 
MON." The price of each volume is $6.00. 
This publication will entail about I50G pictorial accounts 
which illustrate the various cultures sustained by popu- 
lations spoken of in The Book of Mormon. A reconstruc- 
tion of their geography, natural resources, architec- 
ture, art, textiles, ceramics, tools, weapons, etc. 
has been conducted by prominent archaeologists, 
historians, anthropologists, and theologians. . 
Immediately associated with each pictorial 
scene is a digested narrative explaining it. 
Adjacent to both is the entire Book of 
Mormon text relating the events. 





MORMON MANUFACTURES PLATES 
AND MAKES HIS ABRIDGMENT. 



Each volume is a large 9" by 12" and is 
printed on heavy weight, high quality 
paper and bound in a hard back 
cloth cover. The first volume is 120 
pages; it contains 77 individual 
pictures, many of which are 
two-page spreads measuring 
12" by 18". 
Printed by Deseret News 
Press. Mr. Raymond H. 
Jacobs, for many years 
associated with Walt Dis- 
ney Productions, prepared the 
art work. Dr. Clinton F. Larson 
compiled the narrative. 



Volume I is available novr 
only through the firm's direct 
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are ready. There remain some ter- 
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on £9upon below. 



LEHI'S VISION OF THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM. 






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PROMISED LAND PUBLICATION, INC., 1G3 EAST VINE ST., 
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Please send copies of VOLUME 1 — "Illustrated Stories from the 

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I enclose $ for Volume 1. Or send C.O.D. 

( ) I am interested in being a sales representative for this product. Please 
contact me. 

{ ) I am interested in the group fund-roising program. 

Name _...._ __ Ward... 

Address Stake 



de Gaulle. George Washington, in 
accepting French aid against his 
British forebears, also illustrated 
the point. 

Single-will, single-doctrine, non- 
tolerant states will continue for 
some time. Their heritage and 
background runs deeper and wider 
than the politics of pluralism, 
compromise, and human dignity. 
This does not justify their behavior 
in our eyes. But it should help us 
understand and therefore deal with 
them more intelligently. 

International politics are made 
difficult by the fact that indi- 
viduals who make up tolerant states 
intrude their private and domestic 
moral expectations into the inter- 
national field. This makes states- 
manship very difficult for leaders 
of America and nations having 
similar value systems. Political 
science argues that America would 
progress further, and get along 
better in the world, if she viewed 
foreign affairs coldly, in the light 
of the facts of power, influence, 
force, and not "overreact" in the 
light of what constitutes acceptable 
behavior from her point of view. 

Human beings should not forget 
these moral differences. Business 
may occasionally be necessary with 
"the bad guys" as well as with 
"the good guys." However, no one 
should think business is done with 
these different forces in the same 
way. An American-Canadian deal 
is very different from an American- 
Chinese deal. A deal with Spain's 
Franco may produce an air base, 
but has not yet created opportuni- 
ties for evangelical churches. 

Politicians generally "deal" on 
the basis of power politics. It is 
easier when done in one's own 
language and within comparable 
value systems. According to the 
Sermon on the Mount, hallmark of 



western morality, God sends the 
rain to fall on the just and the un- 
just, and tares grow with the wheat. 
In international politics the United 
States of America may have to 
reckon with the divine nature, 
which has not killed the devil. 
Rather, God permits Lucifer to co- 
exist in our realm, in order to chal- 
lenge men's virtue and abilities. 
Maybe Communism and other 
heresies are realistically seen as 
challenges, opportunities for our 
ingenuity to overcome, rather than 
as embodiments before which to 
fear and tremble. The power of 
evil cannot be overestimated. Nor 
can it be ignored. But to deal with 
it on "power" terms may be better 
than misspent moral fury. 

Such an attitude may be quite 
essential in these times of mass 
destruction and interdependency. 

Catholic and Protestant relations 
in France, from Henry IV and the 
Edict of Nantes ( April 1598 ) to its 
revocation by Louis XIV (October 
18, 1685), to the final separation 
of church and state December 9, 
1905, are instructive. Communist- 
capitalist relations have never been 
as bitter for so long as among 
Protestant and Catholic French- 
men during those centuries. The 
resolution was first bitter and 
bloody. Then followed protracted 
tension and, finally, equilibrium. 
The hope of power politics in the 
last decades of the 20th century is 
that the resolution of current 
ideological differences, whether 
racial antagonisms in our domestic 
life or in international affairs, may 
be less bloody and destructive. 
That the hope exists is important. 
We must remember that such hopes 
are relatively new to history. 
Thomas Hobbes' description of 
man's life as "nasty, brutish, and 
short" is still the norm in most 



parts of the world today. 

The inexorable processes of 
power politics, of states seeking 
advantages here, advantages there; 
wheeling, dealing, threatening; ap- 
plying economic, psychological, 
and military pressures, may accom- 
plish more if the process is not 
complicated by moral outcries. I 
believe this lesson was learned on 
the American frontier by the 
settler, in his besieged cabin, with 
his Springfield rifle. Practical 
self-preservation was the first law. 
Moral indignation directed at the 
aborigine's beliefs did not get him 
very far, except to organize others 
for the better exertion of "power 
politics." 

We will cope with the problems 
of international politics more intel- 
ligently if we view them as 
political, rather than as moral 
problems only. To do so, I believe, 
is the moral thing to do. It will 
conserve our own moral energies 
for places where we can put them 
to work best, beginning with our- 
selves and our homes. This is an- 
other way to make politics more 
moral, in the sense of recognizing 
human dignity and value as cate- 
gorical imperatives, in the long 
run. But what a difficult road to 
travel— especially for people filled 
with prejudices, biases, values, and 
personal convictions of special 
truth, as most people are! And as 
we are stimulated and provoked to 
react by modern mass communi- 
cations! 

But let us keep cool, calm, and 
rational. In the interests of both 
morals and politics, let us confuse 
them as little as" possible. Let us 
keep both strong, vital, and inter- 
acting by not confusing them. 
Perhaps this is one way toward 
treating men "in every case" as 
ends, "never as means only." O 



November 1967 



89 



End of an Era 



My two young sons were 
playing chess. The ten-year-old 
was attempting to teach the 
eight-year-old the rules as they 
proceeded to play their first 
game. Upon the older boy's 
capturing his brother's 
"bishop," the younger boy asked, 
"Now, do I go after your 
counselors?" 

— Richard G. Buckmiller, 
San Mateo, California 



This is your only chance to 
fill today with blessings; 
what are you doing about it? 

— ISina Willis Walter 

Man is an eternal being; his 
body is eternal. It may die and 
slumber, but it will burst the 
barriers of the tomb and come 
forth in the resurrection 
of the just. 
—President John Taylor 




Life Among the Mormons 



Fathers' and Sons' Outing 
By Virginia Maughan Kammeyer 

They slept on the ground for two whole nights 
And lay and scratched mosquito bites. 

They swam, and both got sunburned faces. 
They came in last in all the races. 

At dinner they sat down to eat 
Half-raw potatoes, frizzled meat. 

It rained, and so one day was spent 
Huddled and soaking in their tent. 

And what did they say, this son and dad, 
When they got home? "Best time we've hadi" 



A small boy rushed home from 
school one afternoon to announce 
breathlessly that his class was 
going to be divided into two 
sections. 'I'm going to be in the 
top one; the other one is for 
backward readers," he explained. 
"But," he added, 'Ve don't 
know who's going to be in it 
because there's not a kid in 
the room who can read 
backwards!" 
— Dorothea Kent, Lansing, Michigan 



So once in every year we throng 

Upon a day apart, 
To praise the Lord with feast and 
song 

In thankfulness of heart. 

— Arthur Guiterman, 
"The First Thanksgiving" 



A little thing may he perfect, hut, 
perfection is not a little thing. 
— Thomas B. Aldrich 



"Can you operate a typewriter?" 
"Yes, sir. I use the biblical system: 
seek and ye shall find." 



// took me 15 years to discover 
I had no talent for writing, but I 
couldn't give it up because 
by that time I was too famous. 
—Robert Benchley 



"End of an Era" will pay $3 for humorous anecdotes and experiences relating to Latter-day Saint way of life. Maximum length 150 words. 



90 



Improvement Era 




Marion D. Hanks, Editor 
Elaine Cannon, 

Associate Editor 






tr 



A Story Called Kindness 

Face to Face (An interview 
with Sister Jessie Evans Smith 

Dear Family 

What Every LDS Youth 
Should Know 

Writing Contest (1967-68) 




November 1967 



91 




Era of Youth 







one but Larry and I 
knew that the reason 
he was late for school 
and had lost credit on 
his English theme was because I hadn't stopped 
to offer him a ride this morning. Mother had 
been trying for days to get me to enter a writing 
contest, and this morning at breakfast I told her 
I just couldn't. History finals were coming up, I 
was spending three hours a day on the ball field, 
and the English theme, due this morning, had 
taken two weeks of hard research to complete. No, 
I just couldn't enter that contest, and with these 
things on my mind I had forgotten to give Larry 
a ride to school. 

Larry Smith was lame from birth. This morning 
as he limped into class he was chastised severely 
for being late, and he lost credit on his theme. He 
placed the tardy work on Mr. Jensen's desk and 
edged toward his seat. As he stooped to pick up a 
pencil I saw the tear in his eye. But he looked 
over toward me with a big smile and said, "Hi, 
Joe." I knew the reason for the tear and felt a 
twinge of conscience that because of my lack of 
thought fulness he had lost credit on the theme 
that he had spent so many hours preparing. 



A winner in tlie 1967 Era of Youth 


Writing Contest, 


Elder Lee Moe Christensen is now 


a missionary in 


Australia. He is 20, and his home is 


in Spanish Fork, 


Utah. 





After class Larry was waiting for me by the 
door. "Hey, Joe," he said, "I just wanted to tell 
you that surely was a fine article you wrote for 
the school paper. Good luck in the game." Then 
he hobbled down the hall. 

Everyivhere I went today I saw Larry. I noticed 
him at the back of the lunch line at noon, and 
sitting by himself in the afternoon assembly. And 
tonight after school, there was Larry cheering at 
the baseball game for the boy who hadn't bothered 
to give him a ride to school. 

After the game and a shower I looked for 
Larry. I wanted to tell him how sorry I was 
about his English theme and my not offering 
him a ride to school. I wanted to thank him for 
complimenting me on my paper article and wish- 
ing me luck on my game. I wanted to thank him 
for cheering during the ball game. I just wanted 
to be his friend. But Larry wasn't to be found. 
They told me he was at the library. As I drove 
past I knew that somewhere inside Larry would 
have his head buried in textbooks, trying with all 
his heart to make up some lost English credit. 

As I pulled into our driveway there was Mom 
with a smile on her face. "Oh, hello. Son. Glad 
you're home. Did you learn lots today?" 

"Oh yes, Mom," I cried. "If you only kneiv how 
much I learned today. Mom, will you help me? I 
ivant to enter that writing contest after all. 
I want to write a story called 'Kindness.' " 



November 1967 



93 





ace to 
Face 



. . . with someone you've 
always wanted to meet. 

"Happiness isn't always doing what 
you WANT to do. Sometimes it's doing 
what you don't want to do, and being 
glad you did." 

That's the last thing Sister Jessie 
Evans Smith said to us as we left the 
interesting apartment where she and 
her husband. President Joseph Fielding 
Smith, live. As you know, he is a mem- 
ber of the First Presidency of The 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints. Listening to her speak this 
truth so fervently, we couldn't help 
considering that just visiting her was 
something we'd always wanted to do. 



94 



(Pictured with Sister Jessie Evans Smith 
are Cindy Bodir)e and Michelle Moench) 



Q: When did you start singing? 

A: I sang my first song 

when I was six years old. 

It was '1 Think When I Read 

That Sweet Story of Old"; 

and when I came 

to the part about 

his hands could have been 

placed on my head/' I wept. 

The next time I was asked to sing 

my brother said he wouldn't go 

if I sang because I'd bawl 

and he'd be embarrassed. 

My father told him he'd pay 

to hear me sing some day 

. . . and he didl 





and how glad we are we did it! There 
just isn't anybody like her anywhere. 
It was arranged by the Era of Youth 
editors for us aspiring musicians to 
learn some lessons from someone who 
has really had success in this field. 
We asked her questions. We looked 
at her fabulous magnifying glass in- 
vention. We noted souvenirs from 
their travels all over the world. We 
fingered the elegant quilt that Sister 
Smith has made from ties donated by 
the men of the Tabernacle Choir. 
(What a novel idea!) We looked at 
clippings from her opera days and lis- 
tened to the stories of the exciting 
people she's met. We listened to her 
read from President Smith's books. We 
felt her spirit as we blended voices in 
a hymn of worship. What a thrill that 
was! Her diction is perfect. And before 
we left, we must have asked her a 
hundred questions. 

Q: Do you believe a talent 

like yours is a gift of God? 

A: Oh, yes! 

One of my favorite sayings is 

"A song from the heart 

will be answered with a blessing 

on your head." 

I've taken the gift of song 

given to me and tried to repay my Father 

in heaven by serving him. 

And how I've been blessedl 




Q: What advice can you give 

to a young musician? 

Practice and prayer and service- 

those are the key words 

to put into your life. 

Always rememterJhat the Lord 

has the power to do for us 

what we can^^o ourselves. 

If we do our part 
and prayerfully seek him, 

he'll be with us, 
to our success in his work. 





Q: Have you ever had to make 

a choice between the pursuit of music 

and the Church? 

A: Well, when I was asked 

to become a contralto 

^^ with the Metropolitan Opera, 

T told them I'd have to pray about it. 

And I did. 

I also studied my patriarchal blessing, 

which said that my name 

would be heard at home 

d abroad for my ability to entertain 

but that success would come 

in the service of the Lord. 

That was my answer. 

I came home and joined 

^ the Tabernacle Choir, 

and I've sung all over the world. 

I try to learn at least one song 

in the native tongue 

of each country we visit. 

And I have more requests to sing 

on radio programs than I can fill. 




X^->- 






ear 




amily : 



June 25, 1967 



Well, as time goes on things are becoming 
better and better. 

I have really enjoyed the army the last 
couple of weeks. Last night on guard 
duty when I was alone, I asked myself why. 
The reason is all 100 percent attitude. 
When I first arrived I had a desire for 



a good attitude, but it takes time. 
got it now, I believe, for sure. 



I've 



learned something. It was great ! 
My biggest thrill came tonight when 
retreat sounded. I saluted while the 
colors slowly came to the ground. It 
made chills go up and down my spine. As the 
color guard was folding the colors I felt 
se^lfish because I had thoughts of 
wishing I were home. When I came back to 
the barracks, I had a good feeling, and 
I thanked God for giving me a great 
country and wonderful parents to help me 
appreciate it. 



After my mind-wandering on guard duty, 
I went to bed. Today as I woke up I 
promised myself that during the day I 
would at all times keep a wholesome attitude 
and try to absorb everything that was 
offered. First of all, we had reveille 
and saluted as the music played and 
the flag went upward. As I watched it I 
thought of all the fabulous opportunities 
those three beautiful colors symbolize. 
During the day we were taught first aid 
and more gun-and-weapon assembly. 
As I took my M-14 apart, cleaned it, and 
then reassembled it, I had a feeling 
of satisfaction as though I had really 



Probably the most important thing this 

country has given me is the freedom to 

belong to the Church. It has given me 

the right to worship how, where, or 

what I may, and gives every other man that 

same privilege. How great it is ! The 

army is doing nothing but good for 

me, which I realize now. The things I am 

learning each day are things I can 

use in just about anything I do. Is it 

too much to ask of me to spend four 

and one-half months, or two years if need 

be, serving the country that has 

given me 18 years of happiness? I don't 

think so. 



John Westwood was in basic training at Ft. Bragg, North 
Carolina, when he wrote this letter to his parents. It was 
not meant for publication, but with their permission we 
are printing it. 



98 



Era of Youth 



(^ 




Well, I want to thank you for putting 

in my mind the right ideas about 

this great country in which we live, and 

thanks for the Church you've brought 

me up in, and, last of all, thank you 

for being you. May God bless you all 

and may he give me the desire to use in my 

day-to-day life the things that you've 

taught me, because it is just now 

that I realize that the advice I sometimes 

thought was old-fashioned and out of 

it is essential to my being a balanced 

individual. 



I've also learned how much I need my 
Heavenly Father and am so grateful for him, 

Thanks for everything. 



Sure love you all ! 



JOHN 



November 1967 



99 



What Every LDS Youth Should Know 




your Prophets 




Presidents Joseph Smith, and Young; 
Taylor next, 

then Woodruff, Snow; 
Joseph F. Smith 

followed him. 
Then Grant and Smith 

(George Albert, you know) 
And the Prophet we revere today, 
President David 0. McKay. 




r 




)now 
the^gospel 

Read the books 
Heed the word 
Love thy neighbor 
Serve the Lord, 
^^ril serve the Lord 

while I am young^' 
IS what we sing in church; 
And if we try to do his will, 
He^ll help us in our search. 




Where do you come from? 
Which family shoot? 
Do you know all your cousins 
From each sire's root ? 



now 



November 1967 



family tree 




IWW 



your missionary 



greeting 




BonjoiiT 
(French) 



Konichi-wa 
(Japanese) 



102 



Era of Youth 




yourself 




There's more to you than limb and part, 
Don't shrink or fear or cower; 
Inside your youthful mind and heart 
Are faith and strength and power. 



November 1967 



103 



Scholarships and Cash Awards 



Writing 
Contest 

We want you 
to enter . . . 



Three separate competitions 

Enter the one for the college you are interested in attending : 

Brigham Young University 

Ricks College 

Church College of Hawaii 

All three schools are awarding full and partial scholarships 

for the best young writers. 

(Please note: No entries from the mainland USA will be 
accepted for the Church College of Hawaii scholarships.) 

Eligible Entrants: 

High school seniors (1967-68) 
College-age (under 25 years of age on January 1, 1968) 



• Original poetry, short stories, or fea- 
ture articles should be typewritten 
on white paper 8^^ x 11 inches, 
double-spaced, on one side of the 
paper only. 

• Each entry must be designated by a 
pen name and must be accompanied 
by a sealed envelope containing: 

1. The author's actual name, age, 
home address, title of entry, and 
a wallet-size photo. 

2. The following statement: "This 
work is original," signed by the 



Rules: 

author. (Original means that it 
is the work of the writer and not 
something copied from some 
other source or planned or writ- 
ten by others.) 

• At the top of the first page of the 
manuscript, the author should write 
either BYU, RICKS, or CHURCH 
COLLEGE OF HAWAII, to desig- 
nate which school he/she would be 
interested in attending if the entry 
merits a scholarship award. 

• Entries must be mailed to the Era of 



Youth Writing Contest, The Im- 
provement Era, 79 South State 
street. Salt Lake City, Utah 84111, 
postmarked not later than Decem- 
ber 31, 1967. 

• Winning entries become the property 
of The Improvement Era. The Era 
reserves first publication rights to 
all entries. Payment for non-winning 
entries will be made upon publica- 
tion. No entries will be returned. 

• All entries should be suitable for 
publication in The Improvement Era. 





Three teenagers from Payneham 
Ward in Australia won prizes in The 
Era's Youtin Writing Contest. 

At a recent Adelaide Stake confer- 
ence, Superintendent G. Carlos Smith, 
Jr., of the YMMIA presented special 
medallions to David Sturt, George Watt, 



and Orlandina Bonavita. 

George Watt is the Payneham Ward 
Era director and the enthusiast who 
encouraged all three to enter. He is 
18 years of age and a priest. 

Also 18 and holding the office of 
priest is David Sturt, the ward Instruc- 



tor director. The other winner, Orlan- 
dina Bonavita, 17, is the Primary secre- 
tary for the ward. 

The three members of the Payneham 
Ward hope to make use of their prizes 
— part scholarships to the Church Col- 
lege of Hawaii. 



104 



Era of Youth 



(^i/^^iamWfi^mf' %Amf^U^^ /9^S' 



liFa^el ^ Wy feski^ 



1. PEOPLES AND ARTS 

TOUR OF EUROPE 

A first-class visit to Europe 

from Athens to London, emphasizing 

concerts, operas, wor/ts of art, etc. 

Directors — J. LaVar Bateman 

and Todd A. Briisch. 

June 18 to August 14. 

2, STUDENT EUROPEAN TOUR 

Designed especially for college 

students and recent graduates who 

want to see the best of Europe 

on a limited budget. Ted J. Warner 

and John B. Harris direct this 

tour. June 18 to August 14. 

3. GENEALOGY TOUR TO BRITAIN 

The chance of a lifetime for guided 

ancestor research in Europe 

with the help and direction of 

David E. Gardner, specialist 

in British research. 

July 9 to August 15. 

A. EUROPE IN A NUTSHELL 

A delightful composite trip to see 

the highlights of Europe. 

France, Germany, Switzerland, 

Holland, Belgium and England. 

R. Wayne Shute will direct you. 

July 28 to August 19. 

5. EUROPEAN ECONOMY TOUR 

Designed especially for adults who 

want to take that long-awaited 

trip on a limited budget. 

All the sights and sounds of Europe 

at its best. Under the direction ol 

James B. Allen, July 9 to August 15. 

6. BIBLE LANDS TOUR 

Truman G. Madsen will direct a 

comprehensive tour from Rome 

to Athens to the Holy Land. 

The places where news is making 

history. June 10 to July 3. 




7. CHURCH HISTORY - HILL CUMORAH PAGEANT TOUR 

An inspirational tour including all the important sites of LDS Church history — 

Palmyra, Independence, Nauvoo, Carthage and of course, the Hill Cumorah 

Pageant, etc. Directors — Ivan J. Barrett and Lynn A McKinlay. July 26 to August 4. 

8. 'ROUND THE WORLD TOUR 

The real dream tour ol a lifetime visiting such places as the Holy Land, 

Egypt, Cambodia, Kenya, Tanzania, India. Nepal, Hong Kong. 

Japan and Hawaii. June 18 to July 30. 

9. CENTRAL AMERICA AND MEXICO TOUR 

Visit the mysterious ruins ol the ancient Aztecs and fJlaya in Yucatan 

and Guatemala, and see the charming colonial cities and bustling, exciting 

present-day Latin America. Directors — Steve V. Covington and 

f. LeRoy Walser. June 19 to July 6. 

10. SOUTH AMERICAN TOUR 

Everything from the ancient Book of Mormon period ruins to the thrilling 

ultra-modern cities of Latin America. From the swank beaches of Brazil to the 

soaring Andes at mysterious ti/tachu-Pichu. October 15 to November 15. 

11. SOUTH PACIFIC TOUR 

The charm of tropical seas and Polynesian people — 

Hawaii and then some — Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia, Fiji and Samoa. 

Director — Richard L. Gunn. November 1968. 

12. HAWAIIAN SOCIO-CULTURAL TOUR 

A full month of study in the fsfands. fJlake fascinating new friends as you 

experience the excitement and culture of the Pacific. 

Director — Wilford E. Smith. June 17 to July 17. 








13. MEXICO SUMMER RESIDENCE 

Visit the major cities and colonial areas of 
Old Mexico while you study the culture of the 
ancient Aztecs and learn to understand 
the contemporary spirit ol modern fi/lexico 
under the guidance ol experienced 
professors. June 14 to August 10. 

14. SEMESTERS ABROAD 

Choose from one of three fascinating 
places to study for one full semester. Music 
and literature will provide an exciting 
semester lor you at Salzburg, Austria, 
where "The Sound of Music" was filmed. 
At Grenoble, history, political science 
and creative writing will help you learn 
what France is all about. 
Or you may wish to live where each day 
makes modern history in the ancient 
city of Jerusafem. Political science, 
religion and actual work on a kibbutz will 
make your dream of overseas study 
come true. 




■5s 






Experienced professors JoU dO ?tOt fittVe tO bC tt Stud&nt 
lead tour groups 

Optional credit courses available j;Q dlSCOVef tkC WOndefS 
LDS standards required n n t 7 .#7 TiTT^rr 

Special events featured Of tke WOT id Wlttl B 1 U Ofl 

Finest and safest carriers used Oiv(y Of vivkjOKj (yJi/Cvl/(//t(j l/OtC/Ot 



Second Class Postage Paid 
at Salt Lake City, Utah 




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of carefree 
happiness.. 

guaranteed by 
Beneficial Life Insurance 



Your family deserves to enjoy 
the pleasant, happy, things of 
life . . . and you can also make 
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>^, 



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